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2019 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

21. Dawn of Cosmopolitan Order? The New Norm of Responsibility to Defend Earth and the Planetary Council

Authors: Nikola Schmidt, Petr Boháček

Published in: Planetary Defense

Publisher: Springer International Publishing

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Abstract

The unique character of planetary defense requires an adequate governance model. There is no reason to believe that the current mode of global governance based on geography, not function, is applicable to address spatially unbounded issues. To bridge the lacking effectivity and accountability of the global system dominated by nation-states, we look to cosmopolitan and critical security theory. Following the dissemination and analysis of deficiencies of international organization and contemporary global governance, we move to describe a three-layer Planetary Council as a structure for managing planetary defense. Our proposed structure aims to start the debate on how we organize collective efforts to ensure not simply human survival but rather all-human flourishing. The application of cosmopolitan theory aims to positively change our collective behavior as a species and develop a new norm to Defend Earth that is useful for other areas of human activity.
Footnotes
1
We would like to thank Pete Worden here, as it was him who proposed the term Planetary Council in Prague in June 2018 just before the publication of this volume. We spent several days with long-lasting inexhaustible and extremely inspirational discussions.
 
2
The requirement to act quickly does not necessarily go along with democratic quality. However, we do not plan to elaborate on democratic quality in detail. In the literature, the concept generally measures freedom, the rule of law, vertical accountability, responsiveness, equality, participation, competition, and horizontal accountability (Diamond and Morlino 2004).
 
3
Deficit of democratic quality.
 
4
Adopted as a global Asteroid Day by UN in 2016.
 
5
US NASA PDCO—Planetary Defense Coordination Office will probably (proposed in time of writing) receive $150M in 2019 while it was working with a budget of $60M in 2017, $50M in 2016 and $4M in 2010.
 
6
See Chaps. 11 and 14 for details and theory explanation related to this argument.
 
7
The European Union also uses decisions that apply to selected actors, recommendations that are not binding, and options for possible statements made by anybody. For details see https://​europa.​eu/​european-union/​eu-law/​legal-acts_​en.
 
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Metadata
Title
Dawn of Cosmopolitan Order? The New Norm of Responsibility to Defend Earth and the Planetary Council
Authors
Nikola Schmidt
Petr Boháček
Copyright Year
2019
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-01000-3_21