A seismic exploration was conducted on the Mizuho Plateau, East Antarctica, during the 2001/2002 austral summer season as the “Structure and Evolution of the East Antarctic Lithosphere (SEAL)” project by the 43
Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition (JARE-43). The survey line of this exploration (SEAL-2002 profile) was almost perpendicular to the Mizuho inland traverse routes (JARE-41 refraction survey line; SEAL-2000) and was almost parallel to the coastal line along the Lützow-Holm Bay. Several seismic shot records were obtained with clear arrivals of phases until a distance of 150 km in length. We have analyzed two shot data of both ends of the SEAL-2002 profile by using the conventional reflection method. Interval velocities were estimated by applying the normal-move-out (NMO) correction, then the obtained single-fold section obtained explicitly presents the horizontal reflectors originated from the middle crust, the lower crust and the Moho discontinuity. First, the reflector from the top of the middle crust was located at the depth of 23–24 km, which was corresponding to 8–9 s of two way travel time (TWT) in the single-fold section. Next, the reflector from the top of the lower crust was located at a depth of 31–34 km, corresponding to 11–12 s of TWT. The Moho reflector was observed in 13–14 s of TWT and the depth was estimated to be approximately 41–42 km.