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01-02-2009 | Issue 1/2009

Cellulose 1/2009

Degrees of polymerization (DP) and DP distribution of cellouronic acids prepared from alkali-treated celluloses and ball-milled native celluloses by TEMPO-mediated oxidation

Journal:
Cellulose > Issue 1/2009
Authors:
Takuya Isogai, Masahiro Yanagisawa, Akira Isogai

Abstract

Various cellulose II samples, ball-milled native celluloses and ball-milled wood saw dust were subjected to 2,2,6,6-tetramethypyperidine-1-oxyl radical (TEMPO)-mediated oxidation to prepare cellouronic acid Na salts (CUAs). The TEMPO-oxidized products obtained were analyzed by 13C-NMR and size-exclusion chromatography (SEC). When the cellulose II samples with degrees of polymerization (DP) of 220–680 were used as the starting materials, the CUAs obtained had weight-average DP (DPw) values of only 38–79. Thus, significant depolymerization occurs on cellulose chains during the TEMPO-mediated oxidation. These DP values of CUAs correspond to the cellulose II crystal sizes along the chain direction in the original cellulose II samples, but not necessarily to their leveling-off DP values. CUAs can be obtained also from ball-milled native celluloses in good yields by TEMPO-mediated oxidation, although their DPw values are lower than about 80. On the other hand, CUA with DPw of about 170 was obtained from ball-milled wood saw dust.

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