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2023 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

Depending on Lithium and Cobalt – The Impact of Current Battery Technology and Future Alternatives

Authors : Mareike Schmalz, Christian Lensch-Franzen, Jürgen Geisler, Amalia Wagner, Thomas Rempel, Johannes Hüther

Published in: Antriebe und Energiesysteme von morgen 2022

Publisher: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden

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Abstract

As the transition to e-mobility progresses, not only is the number of battery-electric vehicles increasing, but also the individual battery size. In pursuit of ever higher battery capacities and electric vehicle ranges, we experience a rapidly growing demand for certain raw materials. The technology currently used in electric cars is almost without exception the lithium-ion battery which includes various types of battery chemistries and material composites. Required raw materials such as lithium and cobalt have repeatedly been under criticism. To evaluate the new technology, it is important to examine the environmental footprint of the extraction of raw materials as well as to consider ethical and political circumstances. Furthermore, we need to consider which other options exist as new developments in the field of battery cells show alternatives to established materials. A wide range of possibilities opens up, from cobalt-free cells to sodium-based energy storage systems.
As an independent development service provider in the automotive sector, APL deals with current and future technologies on a daily basis and, in addition to ethical arguments, also knows the economic and technical side of how the choice of materials affects the performance of the battery. In this paper, APL gives deeper insights and illuminates the topic from different perspectives.

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Metadata
Title
Depending on Lithium and Cobalt – The Impact of Current Battery Technology and Future Alternatives
Authors
Mareike Schmalz
Christian Lensch-Franzen
Jürgen Geisler
Amalia Wagner
Thomas Rempel
Johannes Hüther
Copyright Year
2023
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-41435-1_6

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