Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Hint

Swipe to navigate through the articles of this issue

Published in: Photonic Network Communications 2-3/2022

12-09-2022

Design and analysis of an efficient reversible hybrid new gate using silicon micro-ring resonator-based all-optical switch

Authors: Jayanta Kumar Rakshit, Manjur Hossain

Published in: Photonic Network Communications | Issue 2-3/2022

Login to get access
share
SHARE

Abstract

The reversibility protocol of the logic gate is not supported by conventional logic gates. These gates disperse energy into the environment in the form of heat energy on account of loss of data and that is why these gates are titled irreversible logic gates. The concept of reversible logic gates is evolved primarily to reduce heat dissipation, employing the advantages of the reversible gate such as a reduced unit of gates, fewer garbage outputs, small quantity of constant inputs, and lower quantum cost. The all-optical hybrid new gate (HNG) is realized using silicon micro-ring resonators. The expected operation is theoretically validated through MATLAB simulation results. Two inputs all the 16-Boolean logic functions have been realized using a single HNG. The optimized performance parameters, i.e., ‘figure of merits’ of the MRR, including radius and detuning, are calculated through numerical simulation at 260 Gb/s. The optimized parameters could help to implement this design practically. The binary decision diagram (BDD) has also been used to represent the logic functions at the respective output ports.
Literature
1.
go back to reference Landauer, R.: Irreversibility and heat generation in the computing process. IBM J. Res. Dev. 5(3), 183–191 (1961) MathSciNetMATH Landauer, R.: Irreversibility and heat generation in the computing process. IBM J. Res. Dev. 5(3), 183–191 (1961) MathSciNetMATH
2.
3.
go back to reference Fredkin, E.: An informational process based on reversible universal cellular automata. Physica D 45(1–3), 254–270 (1990) MathSciNetMATH Fredkin, E.: An informational process based on reversible universal cellular automata. Physica D 45(1–3), 254–270 (1990) MathSciNetMATH
4.
go back to reference Song, X., Yang, G., Perkowski, M., Wang, Y.: Algebraic characterization of reversible logic gates. Theory. Comput. Syst. 39(2), 311–319 (2006) MathSciNetMATH Song, X., Yang, G., Perkowski, M., Wang, Y.: Algebraic characterization of reversible logic gates. Theory. Comput. Syst. 39(2), 311–319 (2006) MathSciNetMATH
5.
6.
go back to reference Feynman, R.P.: Quantum mechanical computers. Opt. News 11(2), 11–20 (1985) Feynman, R.P.: Quantum mechanical computers. Opt. News 11(2), 11–20 (1985)
7.
go back to reference Peres, A.: Reversible logic and quantum computers. Phys. Rev. A 32(6), 3266 (1985) MathSciNet Peres, A.: Reversible logic and quantum computers. Phys. Rev. A 32(6), 3266 (1985) MathSciNet
8.
go back to reference Kotb, A., Zoiros, K.E., Guo, C.: All-optical XOR, NOR, and NAND logic functions with parallel semiconductor optical amplifier-based Mach-Zehnder interferometer modules. Opt. Laser. Technol. 108, 426–433 (2018) Kotb, A., Zoiros, K.E., Guo, C.: All-optical XOR, NOR, and NAND logic functions with parallel semiconductor optical amplifier-based Mach-Zehnder interferometer modules. Opt. Laser. Technol. 108, 426–433 (2018)
9.
go back to reference Alquliah, A., Kotb, A., Singh, S.C., Guo, C.: All-optical AND, NOR, and XNOR logic gates using semiconductor optical amplifiers-based Mach-Zehnder interferometer followed by a delayed interferometer. Optik 225, 165901 (2021) Alquliah, A., Kotb, A., Singh, S.C., Guo, C.: All-optical AND, NOR, and XNOR logic gates using semiconductor optical amplifiers-based Mach-Zehnder interferometer followed by a delayed interferometer. Optik 225, 165901 (2021)
10.
go back to reference Houbavlis, T., Zoiros, K.E.: Numerical simulation of semiconductor optical amplifier assisted Sagnac gate and investigation of its switching characteristics. Opt. Eng. 43(7), 1622–1627 (2004) Houbavlis, T., Zoiros, K.E.: Numerical simulation of semiconductor optical amplifier assisted Sagnac gate and investigation of its switching characteristics. Opt. Eng. 43(7), 1622–1627 (2004)
11.
go back to reference Kotb, A., Zoiros, K.E., Guo, C.: 1 Tb/s all-optical XOR and AND gates using quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifier-based turbo-switched Mach-Zehnder interferometer. J. Comput. Electron. 18(2), 628–639 (2019) Kotb, A., Zoiros, K.E., Guo, C.: 1 Tb/s all-optical XOR and AND gates using quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifier-based turbo-switched Mach-Zehnder interferometer. J. Comput. Electron. 18(2), 628–639 (2019)
12.
go back to reference Fouskidis, D.E., Zoiros, K.E., Hatziefremidis, A.: "Reconfigurable all-optical logic gates (AND, NOR, NOT, OR) with quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifier and optical filter. IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 27(2), 1–15 (2020) Fouskidis, D.E., Zoiros, K.E., Hatziefremidis, A.: "Reconfigurable all-optical logic gates (AND, NOR, NOT, OR) with quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifier and optical filter. IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 27(2), 1–15 (2020)
13.
go back to reference Maji, K., Mukherjee, K., Raja, A.: Frequency encoded all-optical universal logic gates using terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer. IJPOT 4(3), 1–7 (2018) Maji, K., Mukherjee, K., Raja, A.: Frequency encoded all-optical universal logic gates using terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer. IJPOT 4(3), 1–7 (2018)
14.
go back to reference Kumari, A., Pal, A., Singh, A., Sharma, S.: All-optical binary to gray code converter using non-linear material based MIM waveguide. Optik 200, 163449 (2020) Kumari, A., Pal, A., Singh, A., Sharma, S.: All-optical binary to gray code converter using non-linear material based MIM waveguide. Optik 200, 163449 (2020)
15.
go back to reference Siarkos, T., Zoiros, K.E., Nastou, D.: On the feasibility of full pattern-operated all-optical XOR gate with single semiconductor optical amplifier-based ultrafast nonlinear interferometer. Opt. Commun. 282(14), 2729–2740 (2009) Siarkos, T., Zoiros, K.E., Nastou, D.: On the feasibility of full pattern-operated all-optical XOR gate with single semiconductor optical amplifier-based ultrafast nonlinear interferometer. Opt. Commun. 282(14), 2729–2740 (2009)
16.
go back to reference Rakshit, J.K., Singh, M.P., Hossain, M., Roy, J.N.: Polarization rotation based all-optical ternary half-adder and full-adder: design and analysis using micro-ring resonator. Opt. Quant. Electron. 54(2), 1–29 (2022) Rakshit, J.K., Singh, M.P., Hossain, M., Roy, J.N.: Polarization rotation based all-optical ternary half-adder and full-adder: design and analysis using micro-ring resonator. Opt. Quant. Electron. 54(2), 1–29 (2022)
17.
go back to reference Bharti, G.K., Rakshit, J.K., Singh, M.P., Yupapin, P.: Design of all-optical universal logic gates using mode-conversion in single silicon microring resonator. J. Nanophotonics 13(3), 036002 (2019) Bharti, G.K., Rakshit, J.K., Singh, M.P., Yupapin, P.: Design of all-optical universal logic gates using mode-conversion in single silicon microring resonator. J. Nanophotonics 13(3), 036002 (2019)
18.
go back to reference G.K. Maity and S.P. Maity, "Implementation of HNG using MZI”, In 2012 Third International Conference on Computing, Communication and Networking Technologies (ICCCNT'12), IEEE, pp. 1–6 (2012). G.K. Maity and S.P. Maity, "Implementation of HNG using MZI”, In 2012 Third International Conference on Computing, Communication and Networking Technologies (ICCCNT'12), IEEE, pp. 1–6 (2012).
19.
go back to reference Maity, G.K., Samanta, S., Mandal, A.K.: All-optical reversible hybrid new gate using TOAD. Int. J. Adv. Comput. Res 4(1), 1 (2014) Maity, G.K., Samanta, S., Mandal, A.K.: All-optical reversible hybrid new gate using TOAD. Int. J. Adv. Comput. Res 4(1), 1 (2014)
20.
go back to reference Hossain, M., Singh, M.P., Rakshit, J.K.: Modelling of silicon micro-ring resonator based all-optical precoder circuit for differential quadrature Phase-Shift Keying. SILICON 10, 5601–5615 (2021) Hossain, M., Singh, M.P., Rakshit, J.K.: Modelling of silicon micro-ring resonator based all-optical precoder circuit for differential quadrature Phase-Shift Keying. SILICON 10, 5601–5615 (2021)
21.
go back to reference Singh, M.P., Rakshit, J.K., Hossain, M.: Design of polarization conversion and rotation based ternary logic AND/NAND, OR/NOR, Ex-OR/Ex-NOR gates using ring resonator. Opt. Quant. Electron. 53(12), 1–22 (2021) Singh, M.P., Rakshit, J.K., Hossain, M.: Design of polarization conversion and rotation based ternary logic AND/NAND, OR/NOR, Ex-OR/Ex-NOR gates using ring resonator. Opt. Quant. Electron. 53(12), 1–22 (2021)
22.
go back to reference Biswas, U., Rakshit, J.K., Das, J., Bharti, G.K., Suthar, B., Amphawan, A., Najjar, M.: Design of an ultra-compact and highly-sensitive temperature sensor using photonic crystal based single micro-ring resonator and cascaded micro-ring resonator. SILICON 13, 885–892 (2021) Biswas, U., Rakshit, J.K., Das, J., Bharti, G.K., Suthar, B., Amphawan, A., Najjar, M.: Design of an ultra-compact and highly-sensitive temperature sensor using photonic crystal based single micro-ring resonator and cascaded micro-ring resonator. SILICON 13, 885–892 (2021)
23.
go back to reference Jadhav, N.B., et al.: Micro-ring resonator based all-optical arithmetic and logical unit. Optik 244, 167622 (2021) Jadhav, N.B., et al.: Micro-ring resonator based all-optical arithmetic and logical unit. Optik 244, 167622 (2021)
24.
go back to reference Hossain, M., Zoiros, K.E., Chattopadhyay, T., Rakshit, J.K.: Speed enhancement of all-optical pseudo random binary sequence (PRBS) generator using microring resonator. Opt. Quant. Electron. 53(12), 1–31 (2021) Hossain, M., Zoiros, K.E., Chattopadhyay, T., Rakshit, J.K.: Speed enhancement of all-optical pseudo random binary sequence (PRBS) generator using microring resonator. Opt. Quant. Electron. 53(12), 1–31 (2021)
25.
go back to reference Bharti, G.K., Singh, M.P., Rakshit, J.K.: Design and modeling of polarization-conversion based all-optical basic logic gates in a single silicon ring resonator. SILICON 12, 1279–1288 (2020) Bharti, G.K., Singh, M.P., Rakshit, J.K.: Design and modeling of polarization-conversion based all-optical basic logic gates in a single silicon ring resonator. SILICON 12, 1279–1288 (2020)
26.
go back to reference Bharti, G.K., Biswas, U., Rakshit, J.K.: Design of micro-ring resonator based all optical universal reconfigurable logic circuit. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. Rapid. Commun. 13, 407–414 (2019) Bharti, G.K., Biswas, U., Rakshit, J.K.: Design of micro-ring resonator based all optical universal reconfigurable logic circuit. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. Rapid. Commun. 13, 407–414 (2019)
27.
go back to reference Rakshit, J.K., Chattopadhyay, T., Roy, J.N.: Design of ring resonator based all optical switch for logic and arithmetic operations–a theoretical study. Optik 124(23), 6048–6057 (2013) Rakshit, J.K., Chattopadhyay, T., Roy, J.N.: Design of ring resonator based all optical switch for logic and arithmetic operations–a theoretical study. Optik 124(23), 6048–6057 (2013)
28.
go back to reference Bharti, G.K., Rakshit, J.K.: Micro-ring resonator based all optical reversible logic gates and its applications. Optoelectron. Adv Mater. Rapid. Commun. 13, 10–19 (2019) Bharti, G.K., Rakshit, J.K.: Micro-ring resonator based all optical reversible logic gates and its applications. Optoelectron. Adv Mater. Rapid. Commun. 13, 10–19 (2019)
29.
go back to reference Chun-Fei, L., Na, D.: Optical switching in silicon nanowaveguide ring resonators based on Kerr effect and TPA effect. Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(5), 054203 (2009) Chun-Fei, L., Na, D.: Optical switching in silicon nanowaveguide ring resonators based on Kerr effect and TPA effect. Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(5), 054203 (2009)
30.
go back to reference Rakshit, J.K., Roy, J.N.: Design of all-optical universal shift register using nonlinear microring resonators. J. Comput. Electron. 15(4), 1450–1461 (2016) Rakshit, J.K., Roy, J.N.: Design of all-optical universal shift register using nonlinear microring resonators. J. Comput. Electron. 15(4), 1450–1461 (2016)
31.
go back to reference Rakshit, J.K., Zoiros, K.E., Bharti, G.K.: Proposal for ultrafast all-optical pseudo random binary sequence generator using microring resonator-based switches. J. Comput. Electron. 20(1), 353–367 (2021) Rakshit, J.K., Zoiros, K.E., Bharti, G.K.: Proposal for ultrafast all-optical pseudo random binary sequence generator using microring resonator-based switches. J. Comput. Electron. 20(1), 353–367 (2021)
32.
go back to reference Abdalhaq, B.K., Awad, A., Hawash, A.: Reversible logic synthesis using binary decision diagrams with exploiting efficient reordering operators. IEEE Access 8, 156001–156016 (2020) Abdalhaq, B.K., Awad, A., Hawash, A.: Reversible logic synthesis using binary decision diagrams with exploiting efficient reordering operators. IEEE Access 8, 156001–156016 (2020)
33.
go back to reference K. Zoiros, K. Vlachos, T. Stathopoulos, C. Bintjas and H. Avramopoulos, 40 GHz mode-locked SOA fiber ring laser with 20 nm tuning range, In: Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Optical Society of America, p. TuR3 (2000). K. Zoiros, K. Vlachos, T. Stathopoulos, C. Bintjas and H. Avramopoulos, 40 GHz mode-locked SOA fiber ring laser with 20 nm tuning range, In: Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Optical Society of America, p. TuR3 (2000).
34.
go back to reference Zoiros, K., Stathopoulos, T., Vlachos, K., Hatziefremidis, A., Houbavlis, T., Papakyriakopoulos, T., Avramopoulos, H.: Experimental and theoretical studies of a high repetition rate fiber laser, mode-locked by external optical modulation. Opt. Commun. 180(4–6), 301–315 (2000) Zoiros, K., Stathopoulos, T., Vlachos, K., Hatziefremidis, A., Houbavlis, T., Papakyriakopoulos, T., Avramopoulos, H.: Experimental and theoretical studies of a high repetition rate fiber laser, mode-locked by external optical modulation. Opt. Commun. 180(4–6), 301–315 (2000)
35.
go back to reference R. Cunha, H. Boudinov and L. Carro, "Quaternary look-up tables using voltage-mode CMOS logic design", In: 37th International Symposium on Multiple-Valued Logic (ISMVL'07), IEEE, pp. 56–56 (2007). R. Cunha, H. Boudinov and L. Carro, "Quaternary look-up tables using voltage-mode CMOS logic design", In: 37th International Symposium on Multiple-Valued Logic (ISMVL'07), IEEE, pp. 56–56 (2007).
36.
go back to reference Bharti, G.K., Rakshit, J.K.: Design of all-optical JK, SR and T flip-flops using micro-ring resonator-based optical switch. Photon. Netw. Commun. 35(3), 381–391 (2018) Bharti, G.K., Rakshit, J.K.: Design of all-optical JK, SR and T flip-flops using micro-ring resonator-based optical switch. Photon. Netw. Commun. 35(3), 381–391 (2018)
37.
go back to reference Taraphdar, C., Chattopadhyay, T., Roy, J.N.: Mach–Zehnder interferometer-based all-optical reversible logic gate. Opt. Laser. Technol. 42(2), 249–259 (2010) Taraphdar, C., Chattopadhyay, T., Roy, J.N.: Mach–Zehnder interferometer-based all-optical reversible logic gate. Opt. Laser. Technol. 42(2), 249–259 (2010)
38.
go back to reference Zoiros, K.E., Papadopoulos, G., Houbavlis, T., Kanellos, G.T.: Theoretical analysis and performance investigation of ultrafast all-optical Boolean XOR gate with semiconductor optical amplifier-assisted Sagnac interferometer. Opt. Commun. 258(2), 114–134 (2006) Zoiros, K.E., Papadopoulos, G., Houbavlis, T., Kanellos, G.T.: Theoretical analysis and performance investigation of ultrafast all-optical Boolean XOR gate with semiconductor optical amplifier-assisted Sagnac interferometer. Opt. Commun. 258(2), 114–134 (2006)
39.
go back to reference Saeung, P., Yupapin, P.P.: Generalized analysis of multiple ring resonator filters: modeling by using graphical approach. Opt 119(10), 465–472 (2008) Saeung, P., Yupapin, P.P.: Generalized analysis of multiple ring resonator filters: modeling by using graphical approach. Opt 119(10), 465–472 (2008)
40.
go back to reference Kurtz, F., Ropers, C., Herink, G.: Resonant excitation and all-optical switching of femtosecond soliton molecules. Nat. Photon. 14(1), 9–13 (2020) Kurtz, F., Ropers, C., Herink, G.: Resonant excitation and all-optical switching of femtosecond soliton molecules. Nat. Photon. 14(1), 9–13 (2020)
41.
go back to reference Lin, Y.C., Mao, M.H., Lin, Y.R., Lin, H.H., Lin, C.A., Wang, L.A.: All-optical switching in GaAs microdisk resonators by a femtosecond pump–probe technique through tapered-fiber coupling. Opt. Lett. 39(17), 4998–5001 (2014) Lin, Y.C., Mao, M.H., Lin, Y.R., Lin, H.H., Lin, C.A., Wang, L.A.: All-optical switching in GaAs microdisk resonators by a femtosecond pump–probe technique through tapered-fiber coupling. Opt. Lett. 39(17), 4998–5001 (2014)
Metadata
Title
Design and analysis of an efficient reversible hybrid new gate using silicon micro-ring resonator-based all-optical switch
Authors
Jayanta Kumar Rakshit
Manjur Hossain
Publication date
12-09-2022
Publisher
Springer US
Published in
Photonic Network Communications / Issue 2-3/2022
Print ISSN: 1387-974X
Electronic ISSN: 1572-8188
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11107-022-00985-9

Other articles of this Issue 2-3/2022

Photonic Network Communications 2-3/2022 Go to the issue