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2023 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

Design to CO2 for a Sustainable Product Lifecycle

Authors : Martin Rothbart, Christoph Sams, Thomas Schmid, Dr. Rittmar von Helmolt

Published in: Antriebe und Energiesysteme von morgen 2022

Publisher: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden

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Abstract

CO2 assessment over the whole life cycle supports a better understanding for the pathway to net zero CO2. Therefore, engineering and design of components and powertrains increasingly focus on balancing cost and CO2 optima for all technology options.
The paper will discuss the latest findings and trends in life cycle assessments of raw material, production, use and end of life for the technology pathways of ICE-hybrid, battery electric and fuel cell electric. For the battery electric pathway, CO2 reduction effects on battery aging and second life are discussed. The methods and tools for CO2 engineering are introduced by various examples and sensitivity evaluations. In addition, the future options and reduction potentials in the design to CO2 developments are laid out. Finally, the scaling effects from the single vehicle over the fleet to the eco system are summarized.

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Metadata
Title
Design to CO2 for a Sustainable Product Lifecycle
Authors
Martin Rothbart
Christoph Sams
Thomas Schmid
Dr. Rittmar von Helmolt
Copyright Year
2023
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-41439-9_7

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