Skip to main content
Top
Published in:

30-10-2018 | Original Paper

Designing Digital Badging Programs: Findings from an Interview-Based Study with Instructional Designers

Author: Kyle Rosenberger

Published in: TechTrends | Issue 4/2019

Login to get access

Activate our intelligent search to find suitable subject content or patents.

search-config
loading …

Abstract

Digital badging programs are becoming increasingly popular in K-12, higher education, and corporate training environments. Instructional designers are playing a key role in the design and implementation of such programs. This qualitative research study was conducted to identify practical techniques from instructional designers who have been involved in the design and implementation of digital badging programs. Results from this study indicate that there is not one standard instructional design method to use when designing digital badging programs and that non-traditional approaches may be viable options. Results indicate that five areas of focus are employed by instructional designers creating digital badge programs: iterative design, piloting, participant feedback, incorporating communicative elements about the utility of digital badges in the program, and adopting high-touch or hands-on approaches.
Footnotes
1
The term “instructional designer” includes not only instructional designers, but those with identical or similar roles, such as an instructional technologist. However, for this paper, the term instructional design will act as a representative term for these other titles.
 
Literature
go back to reference Abramovich, S., Schunn, C., & Higashi, R. (2013). Are badges useful in education? It depends upon the type of badge and expertise of learner. Educational Technology Research and Development, 61(2), 217–232.CrossRef Abramovich, S., Schunn, C., & Higashi, R. (2013). Are badges useful in education? It depends upon the type of badge and expertise of learner. Educational Technology Research and Development, 61(2), 217–232.CrossRef
go back to reference Allen, M. W. (2012). Leaving ADDIE for SAM: An agile model for developing the best learning experiences. ASTD Press. Dick, Carey & Carey, 2014. Allen, M. W. (2012). Leaving ADDIE for SAM: An agile model for developing the best learning experiences. ASTD Press. Dick, Carey & Carey, 2014.
go back to reference Bailey, K. R., & Darling, T. (2015). Where industry meets academia. Community College Journal, 86(3), 6–7. Bailey, K. R., & Darling, T. (2015). Where industry meets academia. Community College Journal, 86(3), 6–7.
go back to reference Berge, Z. L., & Muilenburg, L. Y. (2016). In the eye of the beholder: Value of digital badges. In Muilenburg, L., & Berge, Z. (Eds.), Digital badges in education: trends, issues, and cases. Florence, Kentucky: Taylor and Francis, 2016. Berge, Z. L., & Muilenburg, L. Y. (2016). In the eye of the beholder: Value of digital badges. In Muilenburg, L., & Berge, Z. (Eds.), Digital badges in education: trends, issues, and cases. Florence, Kentucky: Taylor and Francis, 2016.
go back to reference Corbeil, M., Corbeil, J., & Rodriguez, I. (2015). Digital badges in higher education: A three-phase study on the implementation of digital badges in an online undergraduate program. Issues in Information Systems, 16(4), 1–9. Corbeil, M., Corbeil, J., & Rodriguez, I. (2015). Digital badges in higher education: A three-phase study on the implementation of digital badges in an online undergraduate program. Issues in Information Systems, 16(4), 1–9.
go back to reference Davis, K., & Singh, S. (2015). Digital badges in afterschool learning: Documenting the perspectives and experiences of students and educators. Computers & Education, 88, 72–83.CrossRef Davis, K., & Singh, S. (2015). Digital badges in afterschool learning: Documenting the perspectives and experiences of students and educators. Computers & Education, 88, 72–83.CrossRef
go back to reference Derryberry, A., Everhart, D., & Knight, E. (2016). Badges and competencies: New currency for professional credentials. In Muilenburg, L., & Berge, Z. (Eds.), Digital badges in education: trends, issues, and cases. Florence, Kentucky: Taylor and Francis, 2016. Derryberry, A., Everhart, D., & Knight, E. (2016). Badges and competencies: New currency for professional credentials. In Muilenburg, L., & Berge, Z. (Eds.), Digital badges in education: trends, issues, and cases. Florence, Kentucky: Taylor and Francis, 2016.
go back to reference Dick, W., Carey, L., Carey, J. O. (2014). The systematic design of instruction. Boston, Massachusetts: Pearson. Dick, W., Carey, L., Carey, J. O. (2014). The systematic design of instruction. Boston, Massachusetts: Pearson.
go back to reference Dijksterhuis, E., & Silvius, G. (2017). The design thinking approach to projects. Journal of Modern Project Management, 32–41. Dijksterhuis, E., & Silvius, G. (2017). The design thinking approach to projects. Journal of Modern Project Management, 32–41.
go back to reference Dow, S., & Klemmer, S. (2013). The efficacy of prototyping under time constraints. In Curedale, R. (2013). Design thinking: process and methods manual. Topanga: Design Community College, 2013. Dow, S., & Klemmer, S. (2013). The efficacy of prototyping under time constraints. In Curedale, R. (2013). Design thinking: process and methods manual. Topanga: Design Community College, 2013.
go back to reference Dyjur, P., & Lindstrom, G. (2017). Perceptions and uses of digital badges for professional learning development in higher education. Techtrends: For Leaders in Education & Training, 4, 386.CrossRef Dyjur, P., & Lindstrom, G. (2017). Perceptions and uses of digital badges for professional learning development in higher education. Techtrends: For Leaders in Education & Training, 4, 386.CrossRef
go back to reference Fanfarelli, J., & McDaniel, R. (2015). Individual differences in digital badging: Do learner characteristics matter? Journal of Educational Technology Systems, 43(4), 403–428.CrossRef Fanfarelli, J., & McDaniel, R. (2015). Individual differences in digital badging: Do learner characteristics matter? Journal of Educational Technology Systems, 43(4), 403–428.CrossRef
go back to reference Farmer, T., & West, R. (2016). Opportunities and challenges with digital open badges. Educational Technology, 56(6), 45–48. Farmer, T., & West, R. (2016). Opportunities and challenges with digital open badges. Educational Technology, 56(6), 45–48.
go back to reference Fields, E. (2015). Making visible new learning: Professional development with open digital badge pathways. Partnership: The Canadian Journal of Library and Information Practice and Research, 10(1), 1–10.CrossRef Fields, E. (2015). Making visible new learning: Professional development with open digital badge pathways. Partnership: The Canadian Journal of Library and Information Practice and Research, 10(1), 1–10.CrossRef
go back to reference Foster, J. (2014). The practicality of digital badges. Techniques, 89(6), 40–44. Foster, J. (2014). The practicality of digital badges. Techniques, 89(6), 40–44.
go back to reference Gamrat, C., Zimmerman, H., Dudek, J., & Peck, K. (2014). Personalized workplace learning: An exploratory study on digital badging within a teacher professional development program. British Journal of Educational Technology, 45(6), 1136–1148.CrossRef Gamrat, C., Zimmerman, H., Dudek, J., & Peck, K. (2014). Personalized workplace learning: An exploratory study on digital badging within a teacher professional development program. British Journal of Educational Technology, 45(6), 1136–1148.CrossRef
go back to reference Gamrat, C., Bixler, B., Raish, V. (2016). Instructional design considerations for digital badges. In Muilenburg, L., & Berge, Z. (Eds.), Digital badges in education: trends, issues, and cases (p. 80). Florence, Kentucky: Taylor and Francis, 2016. Gamrat, C., Bixler, B., Raish, V. (2016). Instructional design considerations for digital badges. In Muilenburg, L., & Berge, Z. (Eds.), Digital badges in education: trends, issues, and cases (p. 80). Florence, Kentucky: Taylor and Francis, 2016.
go back to reference Glover, I. (2013). Open badges: A visual method of recognising achievement and increasing learner motivation. Student Engagement and Experience Journal, 2(1). Glover, I. (2013). Open badges: A visual method of recognising achievement and increasing learner motivation. Student Engagement and Experience Journal, 2(1).
go back to reference Hennah, N., & Seery, M. K. (2017). Using digital badges for developing high school chemistry laboratory skills. Journal of Chemical Education, (7), 844. Hennah, N., & Seery, M. K. (2017). Using digital badges for developing high school chemistry laboratory skills. Journal of Chemical Education, (7), 844.
go back to reference Ifenthaler, D., Bellin-Mularski, N., & Mah, D. K. (Eds.). (2016). Foundations of digital badges and microcredentials: Demonstrating and recognizing knowledge and competencies. Switzerland: Springer. Ifenthaler, D., Bellin-Mularski, N., & Mah, D. K. (Eds.). (2016). Foundations of digital badges and microcredentials: Demonstrating and recognizing knowledge and competencies. Switzerland: Springer.
go back to reference Large, K. (2017). Intercultural competency badge example from the [name redacted] Leadership Endorsement. [Image]. Retrieved January 22, 2018. Large, K. (2017). Intercultural competency badge example from the [name redacted] Leadership Endorsement. [Image]. Retrieved January 22, 2018.
go back to reference Law, P. (2015). Digital badging at the open university: Recognition for informal learning. Open Learning, 30(3), 221–234.CrossRef Law, P. (2015). Digital badging at the open university: Recognition for informal learning. Open Learning, 30(3), 221–234.CrossRef
go back to reference Luchs, M., Swan, S., & Griffin, A. (2016). Design thinking: New product development essentials from the PDMA. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons. Luchs, M., Swan, S., & Griffin, A. (2016). Design thinking: New product development essentials from the PDMA. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.
go back to reference McDaniel, R., & Fanfarelli, J. (2016). Building better digital badges. Simulation & Gaming, 47(1), 73–102.CrossRef McDaniel, R., & Fanfarelli, J. (2016). Building better digital badges. Simulation & Gaming, 47(1), 73–102.CrossRef
go back to reference Meinel, C., & Leifer, L. (2010). Design thinking research. In H. Plattner, C. Meinel, & L. Leifer (Eds.), Design thinking: Understand – Improve – Apply (pp. xiii-xxi). Meinel, C., & Leifer, L. (2010). Design thinking research. In H. Plattner, C. Meinel, & L. Leifer (Eds.), Design thinking: Understand – Improve – Apply (pp. xiii-xxi).
go back to reference Randall, D., Harrison, J., & West, R. (2013). Giving credit where credit is due: Designing open badges for a technology integration course. Techtrends: Linking Research & Practice to Improve Learning, 57(6), 88–95.CrossRef Randall, D., Harrison, J., & West, R. (2013). Giving credit where credit is due: Designing open badges for a technology integration course. Techtrends: Linking Research & Practice to Improve Learning, 57(6), 88–95.CrossRef
go back to reference Saldaña, J. (2009). The coding manual for qualitative researchers. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. Saldaña, J. (2009). The coding manual for qualitative researchers. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
go back to reference Shields, R., & Chugh, R. (2017). Digital badges -- rewards for learning? Education and Information Technologies, (4), 1817. Shields, R., & Chugh, R. (2017). Digital badges -- rewards for learning? Education and Information Technologies, (4), 1817.
go back to reference Smaldino, S., Lowther, D., Mims, C., Russell, J. (2014). Instructional technology and media for learning (11th ed.). Boston, Massachusetts: Pearson. Smaldino, S., Lowther, D., Mims, C., Russell, J. (2014). Instructional technology and media for learning (11th ed.). Boston, Massachusetts: Pearson.
go back to reference Strauss, A. L., & Corbin, J. M. (2007). Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory (p. c2007). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. Strauss, A. L., & Corbin, J. M. (2007). Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory (p. c2007). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
go back to reference Waters, J. K. (2013). Career/college readiness: Digital badges. T.H.E. Journal, 40(5), 14–19. Waters, J. K. (2013). Career/college readiness: Digital badges. T.H.E. Journal, 40(5), 14–19.
go back to reference West, R., Randall, D. (2016). The case for rigor in open badges. In Muilenburg, L., & Berge, Z. (Eds.), Digital badges in education: trends, issues, and cases (pp. 21–29). Florence, Kentucky: Taylor and Francis, 2016. West, R., Randall, D. (2016). The case for rigor in open badges. In Muilenburg, L., & Berge, Z. (Eds.), Digital badges in education: trends, issues, and cases (pp. 21–29). Florence, Kentucky: Taylor and Francis, 2016.
go back to reference Zalaznick, M. (2017). Badging breakthroughs: Digital microcredentials show a bigger picture of students' and teachers' abilities. District Administration, 53(9), 49–52. Zalaznick, M. (2017). Badging breakthroughs: Digital microcredentials show a bigger picture of students' and teachers' abilities. District Administration, 53(9), 49–52.
Metadata
Title
Designing Digital Badging Programs: Findings from an Interview-Based Study with Instructional Designers
Author
Kyle Rosenberger
Publication date
30-10-2018
Publisher
Springer US
Published in
TechTrends / Issue 4/2019
Print ISSN: 8756-3894
Electronic ISSN: 1559-7075
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11528-018-0349-7

Other articles of this Issue 4/2019

TechTrends 4/2019 Go to the issue

Premium Partner