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01-01-2015 | INDUSTRIAL APPLICATION | Issue 1/2015

Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization 1/2015

Determination of back-pressure profile for forward extrusion using sequential approximate optimization

Journal:
Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization > Issue 1/2015
Authors:
Masato Okada, Satoshi Kitayama, Kiichiro Kawamoto, Junpei Chikahisa, Takeshi Yoneyama

Abstract

This paper proposes a method for determining optimal back-pressure profile in forging of aluminum alloy using a sequential approximate optimization (SAO). In forging, it is important to improve the mold filling for the product quality. In addition, it is preferable to produce a product with a minimum forming energy. To achieve these objectives simultaneously, a forging method with back-pressure profile is proposed. Here, the back-pressure profile implies that the back-pressure varies through the stroke. In this paper, a multi-objective optimization (MOO) problem is formulated. To improve the mold filling, an unfilled area is taken as the first objective function. Furthermore, a forming energy during the forging is taken as the second objective function. Numerical simulation in the forging is so expensive that the SAO using the radial basis function (RBF) network is adopted, and the pareto-frontier is identified with a small number of simulation runs. Based on the numerical result, the experiments are also conducted. It can be found from these results that, the back-pressure profile approach is valid for improving the mold filling as well as the forming energy.

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