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01-12-2013 | Issue 8/2013

Ambio 8/2013

Determining the Feasibility of Establishing New Multiple-Use Marine Protected Areas in Chile

Journal:
Ambio > Issue 8/2013
Authors:
Felipe Vásquez-Lavín, Jeanne W. Simon, Ximena Paz-Lerdón
Important notes

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s13280-013-0455-x) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

This paper evaluates the feasibility of establishing a multiple-use marine protected area. The methodology was applied to evaluate three proposed sites in Chile with diverse conservation needs, social stress and poverty levels, and different economic activities (small-scale fishing, heavy industry, and mining activities). We use two broad categories for the evaluation: socio-economic and political–institutional. The methodology uses a combination of secondary data with personal interviews, workshops, and focus groups with stakeholders (e.g., fishermen, unions, politicians, social organizations) from different political, social, and economic backgrounds to characterize current and potential natural and social resources and to evaluate in an ordinal scale the feasibility of establishing the protected area. The methodology allows us to correctly identify the challenges faced in each site and can be used to develop appropriate strategies for balancing economic, social, and environmental objectives. This methodology can be replicated to evaluate the feasibility of other marine or terrestrial protected areas.

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Supplementary Material
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 80 kb)
13280_2013_455_MOESM1_ESM.pdf
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