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About this book

In the past century alone, we have witnessed groundbreaking technological innovations quickly displace established industries, thereby opening up entirely new markets or fields of research. Such "disruptive technologies" are hard to predict in advance, and yet, they have the potential to significantly alter the course of history. Written by one of the world’s leading space applications experts, this book addresses the concept of disruptive technologies in the space arena, including microsatellites, the development of satellite constellations, and reusable launch vehicles.

The book presents several case studies in the field, and discusses how and why modern space technologies are so unique. It covers current examples of disruptive space businesses, the pros and cons of such disruption, key emerging trends, and possible developments on the horizon.

Table of Contents

Frontmatter

Chapter 1. Fasten Your Seat Belt, It’s Going to Be a Bumpy Ride!

Abstract
This is a book about disruptive innovations and space, and the current revolution in space activities around the world that is reshaping our space endeavors. There have been many books about space that tell how we get there, what we can do there, and what this all means for the people here on Earth. There have also been many business books about innovation and disruptive technologies. This work is focused on how disruptive innovation has developed and evolved over time, and how it has, at last, come to the domain of space, how it has transformed how we ‘do’ space, what that means, and where this is all going in the future.
Scott Madry

Chapter 2. Case Studies of Traditional Disruptive Technologies

Abstract
This chapter will present several well-known business case studies of traditional disruptive technologies and their origins, process, and impact.
Scott Madry

Chapter 3. Space, an Arena Ripe for Disruptive Innovation

Abstract
We are now a full 50 years since that momentous Moon landing in June of 1969. This chapter will turn our attention to the arena of space, space technologies, and space businesses, which are very different from cars, shipping containers, and smartphones.
Scott Madry

Chapter 4. Case Studies of Disruptive Space Leaders, Technologies, and Businesses

Abstract
The term NewSpace, or Space 2.0, has been used to describe a new revolution in space businesses and private sector space actors. These terms generally refer to a completely new paradigm and approach to space activities. It is partly generational, and partly driven by new technological, cultural, and economic realities.
Scott Madry

Chapter 5. Space Technology Drivers of Change

Abstract
This chapter will analyze the most important emerging, new, and disruptive technologies that have already, or shortly will, make an impact in the arena of space, as well as here on Earth. Major innovations such as artificial intelligence, additive manufacturing and GNSS are included, along with less known and less understood emerging concepts such as edge computing and cubesats.
Scott Madry

Chapter 6. Disruptive Space Technologies and the Developing World

Abstract
This chapter will analyze how these disruptive innovations can impact the future of the “other 3 billion” people of the developing world who currently are in great need and who do not benefit from space activities at all. We will also consider how these disruptive space technologies could help support attaining the U. N.’s 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This discussion will make a case for how disruptive space technologies could help set the stage for more than simply new businesses and innovation in the developed world, or for making billionaires even more wealthy. This chapter explores how such innovations might help fundamentally alter how space will impact the developing world.
Scott Madry

Chapter 7. Regulations and Treaty Frameworks for Disruptive Space Innovation

Abstract
This chapter will consider the international and national regulatory and legal frameworks for the space world, and how this should, and in a number of cases does not, serve the revolution that commercial space is undergoing. We will also consider ways to advance this important, and often overlooked, aspect of what it takes to engage in and encourage innovative new space activities.
Scott Madry

Chapter 8. The Downsides of Disruption and How We Might Manage Them

Abstract
This chapter will consider the downsides of disruption in economic, social, political, and even personal contexts. There is a saying that “Everybody wants to develop a disruptive technology, but nobody wants to be disrupted,” and this is very true. This chapter will present several examples of how technological disruptions have had negative impacts upon both disrupters and those whose markets and businesses have been impacted by disruption. The chapter will also consider some of the costs and dangers of space disruptions as we now understand them.
Scott Madry

Chapter 9. The Top Twelve Things to Know about Disruptive Technologies and Space Innovation

Abstract
This chapter will present the top twelve things that everyone should know regarding the radically changing world of disruptive space technologies. First, a quick recap. We have taken a long look what disruptive innovation is, how it works, who benefits, who loses, and what this has to do with space and particularly the NewSpace or Space 2.0 revolution. We have learned a great deal from previous instances that first came from historical examples and then most recently from the now rapidly changing space sector. We have explored the new and emerging technologies that are changing our world and their potential impacts on the ‘other 3 billion’ people with whom we share our spaceship Earth. We have considered the international legal and policy implications, as well as the downsides of disruptive technologies in the 21st century. So what should you take away from all of this?
Scott Madry

Chapter 10. Final Conclusions and Predictions for the Future

Abstract
We are nearing the end of our journey. This book has tried to view disruptive innovation in the space sector as one in a continuing series of such innovative processes and activities that have occurred over a very long period of time. More will follow in space and in other areas of technology. Disruptive innovations and their impacts upon our world are subjects of much scholarship and analysis, and these studies have produced several very useful insights that are relevant to the current status and future of space. Space and commercial space businesses are clearly different from most traditional businesses, in that they are not mass-market goods like boxes of cereal, at least not yet. But the entire space domain is undergoing a radical period of change, driven by the new, entrepreneurial Silicon Valley explosion in NewSpace ideas, money, and energy.
Scott Madry

Backmatter

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