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2020 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

3. Dynamical Models of the Microgrid Components

Authors : Carlos Bordons, Félix Garcia-Torres, Miguel A. Ridao

Published in: Model Predictive Control of Microgrids

Publisher: Springer International Publishing

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Abstract

This chapter describes the main components of a microgrid, focusing on their dynamical behavior, a key concept in control engineering and particularly in MPC. Mathematical models of renewable generation devices (photovoltaic panels or wind turbines), and also energy storage systems with high penetration in microgrids (batteries, ultracapacitors, and hydrogen-based systems) are presented in detail in the chapter. These models are the base for the development of the software included in the companion toolbox \(Sim\mu grid\). Brief descriptions of alternative storage systems, such as flywheels or compressed air, are also included. Operational issues in energy storage systems to avoid non-adequate use, prevent the degradation of the devices, and improve their performance, reliability, and lifespan are also addressed. These concepts are of considerable importance for the design of MPC controllers, and they will be widely used throughout the book.

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Footnotes
1
Sim\(\mu \)grid is the companion software that can be downloaded from http://​institucional.​us.​es/​agerar/​.
 
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Metadata
Title
Dynamical Models of the Microgrid Components
Authors
Carlos Bordons
Félix Garcia-Torres
Miguel A. Ridao
Copyright Year
2020
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-24570-2_3