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16-10-2020 | Regular Paper | Issue 2/2021

Journal of Visualization 2/2021

EcoLens: visual analysis of ecological regions in urban contexts using traffic data

Journal:
Journal of Visualization > Issue 2/2021
Authors:
Zhuochen Jin, Nan Cao, Yang Shi, Wenchao Wu, Yingcai Wu
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The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s12650-020-00707-1) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Abstract

The increasing availability of spatiotemporal data provides unprecedented opportunities for understanding the structure of an urban area in terms of people’s activity pattern and how they form the latent regions over time. However, existing solutions are limited in their capacity of capturing the evolutionary patterns of dynamic latent regions within urban context. In this work, we introduce an interactive visual analysis approach, EcoLens, that allows analysts to progressively explore and analyze the complex dynamic segmentation patterns of a city using traffic data. We propose an extended nonnegative matrix factorization-based algorithm smoothed over both spatial and temporal dimensions to capture the spatiotemporal dynamics of the city. The algorithm also ensures the orthogonality of its result to facilitate the interpretation of different patterns. A suite of visualizations is designed to illustrate the dynamics of city segmentation and the corresponding interactions are added to support the exploration of the segmentation patterns over time. We evaluate the effectiveness of our system via case studies using a real-world dataset and a qualitative interview with the domain expert.

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