Skip to main content
Top
Published in: Mechanics of Composite Materials 1/2024

23-02-2024

Effect of Mechanical Vibration and Impact Loading on the Performance of Poly (Vinylidene Fluoride) Composite

Authors: A. Jain, E. Dange, K. J. Jesmary, S. J. Kumar, R. Hamsa

Published in: Mechanics of Composite Materials | Issue 1/2024

Log in

Activate our intelligent search to find suitable subject content or patents.

search-config
loading …

Abstract

Piezoelectric polymer poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) is extensively used as sensor and actuator devices owing their excellent piezoelectric and pyroelectric properties. However, the melting point of PVDF is relatively low and the service temperature of PVDF is up to 100°C. This restricts the use of PVDF in high temperature applications. This can be improved by adding appropriate fillers to the PVDF. In the present study, a composite of PVDF-Onium salt was developed and characterized to improve the thermal efficiency of PVDF for high temperature applications. In order to investigate the presence of β-phase, which is necessary for sensor applications, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, Raman and infrared spectra, and dielectric test were used to characterize PVDF-Onium salt composite films made using the solvent cast method. The melting point of PVDF-Onium salt composite was found to be higher (175°C) as compared to the PVDF polymer alone (168.2°C) which has been discussed in detail. The PVDF-Onium salt composite sensors were further tested for dynamic strain sensing application for the first time. The modes of cantilever beam vibrations and the impact loading effects were recorded in order to assess the performance of these sensors.

Dont have a licence yet? Then find out more about our products and how to get one now:

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 102.000 Bücher
  • über 537 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Springer Professional "Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 67.000 Bücher
  • über 390 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe




 

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Literature
1.
go back to reference B. Azimi, S. Mohammad, and F. Alessandra, “ZnO/poly (vinylidene fluoride- trifluoroethylene) scaffolds for lung tissue engineering,” Tissue Eng. Part A., 26, No. 23-24, 1312-1331 (2020).CrossRefPubMed B. Azimi, S. Mohammad, and F. Alessandra, “ZnO/poly (vinylidene fluoride- trifluoroethylene) scaffolds for lung tissue engineering,” Tissue Eng. Part A., 26, No. 23-24, 1312-1331 (2020).CrossRefPubMed
2.
go back to reference C. Behera and R. N. Choudhary, “Electrical and multiferroic characteristics of PVDF- MnFe2O4 nanocomposites,” J. Alloys Compd., 727, 851-862 (2017).CrossRef C. Behera and R. N. Choudhary, “Electrical and multiferroic characteristics of PVDF- MnFe2O4 nanocomposites,” J. Alloys Compd., 727, 851-862 (2017).CrossRef
3.
go back to reference M. Inoue, T. Yasunori, and S. Katsuaki, “Thermal stability of poly (vinylidene fluoride) films pre-annealed at various temperatures,” Polym. Degrad. Stab. 92, No. 10, 1833-1840 (2007).CrossRef M. Inoue, T. Yasunori, and S. Katsuaki, “Thermal stability of poly (vinylidene fluoride) films pre-annealed at various temperatures,” Polym. Degrad. Stab. 92, No. 10, 1833-1840 (2007).CrossRef
4.
go back to reference W. O. Zen, C. E. Chiang, and M. W. Tzong, “Thermal stability and magnetic properties of polyvinylidene fluoride/ magnetite nanocomposites,” Mater. 8, No. 7, 4553-4564 (2015).CrossRef W. O. Zen, C. E. Chiang, and M. W. Tzong, “Thermal stability and magnetic properties of polyvinylidene fluoride/ magnetite nanocomposites,” Mater. 8, No. 7, 4553-4564 (2015).CrossRef
5.
go back to reference M. Kader, S. Nasser, and H. A. Ibrahium, “Graphene oxide fillers through polymeric blends of PVC/PVDF using laser ablation technique: electrical behavior, cell viability, and thermal stability,” J. Mater. Res. Technol. 13, 1878-1886 (2021).CrossRef M. Kader, S. Nasser, and H. A. Ibrahium, “Graphene oxide fillers through polymeric blends of PVC/PVDF using laser ablation technique: electrical behavior, cell viability, and thermal stability,” J. Mater. Res. Technol. 13, 1878-1886 (2021).CrossRef
6.
go back to reference H. J. Lawrence, J. R. Nicholas, Z. Saeid, and R. G. Ravi, “Polyvinylidene fluoride having an increased melting point,” Patent 8263695, USA (2012). H. J. Lawrence, J. R. Nicholas, Z. Saeid, and R. G. Ravi, “Polyvinylidene fluoride having an increased melting point,” Patent 8263695, USA (2012).
7.
go back to reference F. Mokhtari, B. Azimi, and M. Salehi, “Recent advances of polymer-based piezoelectric composites for biomedical applications,” J. Mech. Behav. Biomed. Mater., 122, 104669 (2021).CrossRefPubMed F. Mokhtari, B. Azimi, and M. Salehi, “Recent advances of polymer-based piezoelectric composites for biomedical applications,” J. Mech. Behav. Biomed. Mater., 122, 104669 (2021).CrossRefPubMed
8.
go back to reference S. E. Govind, K. Mohammed, and M. Arunjunairaj, “Cationic surfactant assisted enhancement of dielectric and piezoelectric properties of PVDF nanofibers for energy harvesting application,” Soft Matter. 17, No. 8, 2215-2222 (2021).CrossRef S. E. Govind, K. Mohammed, and M. Arunjunairaj, “Cationic surfactant assisted enhancement of dielectric and piezoelectric properties of PVDF nanofibers for energy harvesting application,” Soft Matter. 17, No. 8, 2215-2222 (2021).CrossRef
9.
go back to reference R. P. Vijayakumar, D. V. Khakhar, and A. Misra, “Phase transformation and enhancement of toughness in polyvinylidene fluoride by onium salts,” J. Polym. Sci. Part B: Polym. Phys. 49, No.18, 1339-1344 (2011).ADSCrossRef R. P. Vijayakumar, D. V. Khakhar, and A. Misra, “Phase transformation and enhancement of toughness in polyvinylidene fluoride by onium salts,” J. Polym. Sci. Part B: Polym. Phys. 49, No.18, 1339-1344 (2011).ADSCrossRef
10.
go back to reference J. Anjana, K. Prashanth, and S. Asheesh, “Dielectric and piezoelectric properties of PVDF/PZT composites. A review,” Polym. Eng. Sci. 55, No. 7, 1589-1616 (2015).CrossRef J. Anjana, K. Prashanth, and S. Asheesh, “Dielectric and piezoelectric properties of PVDF/PZT composites. A review,” Polym. Eng. Sci. 55, No. 7, 1589-1616 (2015).CrossRef
11.
go back to reference V. T. Rathod, D. R. Mahapatra, and J. Anjana, “Characterization of a large-area PVDF thin film for electro-mechanical and ultrasonic sensing applications,” Sens. Actuators. A., 163, No. 1, 164-171 (2010).CrossRef V. T. Rathod, D. R. Mahapatra, and J. Anjana, “Characterization of a large-area PVDF thin film for electro-mechanical and ultrasonic sensing applications,” Sens. Actuators. A., 163, No. 1, 164-171 (2010).CrossRef
12.
go back to reference Y. K. Low, L. Y. Tan, and L. P. Tan, “increasing solvent polarity and addition of salts promote β-phase poly (vinylidene fluoride) formation,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 128, No. 5, 2902-2910 (2012).CrossRef Y. K. Low, L. Y. Tan, and L. P. Tan, “increasing solvent polarity and addition of salts promote β-phase poly (vinylidene fluoride) formation,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 128, No. 5, 2902-2910 (2012).CrossRef
13.
go back to reference R. Nigmatullin and F. Gao, “Onium-functionalised polymers in the design of non-leaching antimicrobial surfaces,” Macromol. Mater. Eng., 297, No. 11, 1038-1074 (2012).CrossRef R. Nigmatullin and F. Gao, “Onium-functionalised polymers in the design of non-leaching antimicrobial surfaces,” Macromol. Mater. Eng., 297, No. 11, 1038-1074 (2012).CrossRef
14.
go back to reference S. K. Tiwari, A. Misra, and D. V. Khakhar, “Benzyl triphenyl phosphonium chloride as an additive for polyvinylidene fluoride: melt rheology, crystallization, and electrical properties,” Polym. Eng. Sci., 54, No.10, 2420-2429 (2014).CrossRef S. K. Tiwari, A. Misra, and D. V. Khakhar, “Benzyl triphenyl phosphonium chloride as an additive for polyvinylidene fluoride: melt rheology, crystallization, and electrical properties,” Polym. Eng. Sci., 54, No.10, 2420-2429 (2014).CrossRef
15.
go back to reference A. Jain, J. S. Kumar, S. Srikanth, V. T. Rathod, and D. Roy Mahapatra,” Sensitivity of polyvinylidene fluoride films to mechanical vibration modes and impact after optimizing stretching conditions,” Polym. Eng. Sci., 53, No.4, 707-715 (2013). A. Jain, J. S. Kumar, S. Srikanth, V. T. Rathod, and D. Roy Mahapatra,” Sensitivity of polyvinylidene fluoride films to mechanical vibration modes and impact after optimizing stretching conditions,” Polym. Eng. Sci., 53, No.4, 707-715 (2013).
16.
go back to reference V. T. Rathod, J. S. Kumar, and A. Jain,” Polymer and ceramic nanocomposites for aerospace applications,” Appl. Nanosci., 7, 519-548 (2017). V. T. Rathod, J. S. Kumar, and A. Jain,” Polymer and ceramic nanocomposites for aerospace applications,” Appl. Nanosci., 7, 519-548 (2017).
17.
go back to reference J. S. Kumar, and A. Jain, “Development and characterisation of polyvinylidene fluoride-polyaniline films for piezoelectric power generation,” ISSS J. Micro and Smart Systems, 6, 69-75 (2017).CrossRef J. S. Kumar, and A. Jain, “Development and characterisation of polyvinylidene fluoride-polyaniline films for piezoelectric power generation,” ISSS J. Micro and Smart Systems, 6, 69-75 (2017).CrossRef
18.
go back to reference N. P. Yadav, B. B. Sahu, T. Yadav, R. Kumar, A. Pathak, G. N. Pandey, and S. Moharana,” Enhanced dielectric and electrical properties of polystyrene-2% divinyl benzene (PDB) embedded in SrTiO3-Poly (vinylidene fluoride) three phase composite films,” Optik, 270, 170001 (2022). N. P. Yadav, B. B. Sahu, T. Yadav, R. Kumar, A. Pathak, G. N. Pandey, and S. Moharana,” Enhanced dielectric and electrical properties of polystyrene-2% divinyl benzene (PDB) embedded in SrTiO3-Poly (vinylidene fluoride) three phase composite films,” Optik, 270, 170001 (2022).
19.
go back to reference V. T. Rathod and A. Jain,” Ultrasonic guided wave sensitivity of piezopolymer films subjected to thermal exposure,” ISSS J. Micro and Smart Systems, 7, 15-24 (2018). V. T. Rathod and A. Jain,” Ultrasonic guided wave sensitivity of piezopolymer films subjected to thermal exposure,” ISSS J. Micro and Smart Systems, 7, 15-24 (2018).
20.
go back to reference S. Firmino Mendes, C. M. Costa, V. Sencadas, J. Serrado Nunes, P. Costa, R. Grégório, and S. Lanceros-Méndez,” Effect of the ceramic grain size and concentration on the dynamical mechanical and dielectric behavior of poly (vinilidene fluoride)/Pb (Zr0.53 Ti0.47) O3 composites,” Appl. Phy. A, 96, 899-908 (2009). S. Firmino Mendes, C. M. Costa, V. Sencadas, J. Serrado Nunes, P. Costa, R. Grégório, and S. Lanceros-Méndez,” Effect of the ceramic grain size and concentration on the dynamical mechanical and dielectric behavior of poly (vinilidene fluoride)/Pb (Zr0.53 Ti0.47) O3 composites,” Appl. Phy. A, 96, 899-908 (2009).
21.
go back to reference A. Jain, J. S. Kumar, D. R. Mahapatra, and H. H. Kumar, “Detailed studies on the formation of piezoelectric β-phase of PVDF at different hot-stretching conditions,” Proc. of SPIE - Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2010,” 7647, 733-743, (2010). A. Jain, J. S. Kumar, D. R. Mahapatra, and H. H. Kumar, “Detailed studies on the formation of piezoelectric β-phase of PVDF at different hot-stretching conditions,” Proc. of SPIE - Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2010,” 7647, 733-743, (2010).
22.
go back to reference S. Bodkhe, G. Turcot, F. P. Gosselin, and D. Therriault,”One-step solvent evaporation-assisted 3D printing of piezoelectric PVDF nanocomposite structures,” ACS Appl. Mater. & Interfaces, 9, No. 24, 20833-20842 (2017). S. Bodkhe, G. Turcot, F. P. Gosselin, and D. Therriault,”One-step solvent evaporation-assisted 3D printing of piezoelectric PVDF nanocomposite structures,” ACS Appl. Mater. & Interfaces, 9, No. 24, 20833-20842 (2017).
Metadata
Title
Effect of Mechanical Vibration and Impact Loading on the Performance of Poly (Vinylidene Fluoride) Composite
Authors
A. Jain
E. Dange
K. J. Jesmary
S. J. Kumar
R. Hamsa
Publication date
23-02-2024
Publisher
Springer US
Published in
Mechanics of Composite Materials / Issue 1/2024
Print ISSN: 0191-5665
Electronic ISSN: 1573-8922
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11029-024-10183-5

Other articles of this Issue 1/2024

Mechanics of Composite Materials 1/2024 Go to the issue

Premium Partners