Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Hint

Swipe to navigate through the articles of this issue

Published in: Environmental Management 6/2021

04-09-2021

Effects of Ailanthus altissima Invasion and Removal on High-Biodiversity Mediterranean Grasslands

Authors: Massimo Terzi, Diego Fontaneto, Francesca Casella

Published in: Environmental Management | Issue 6/2021

Login to get access
share
SHARE

Abstract

Ailanthus altissima is one of the worst invasive plants in Europe in several habitat types, including high-biodiversity grasslands. The aim of this work was to evaluate the impact of the invasive A. altissima on high-biodiversity grassland vegetation and the effects of its removal on the recovery of native plant communities. The study area was within the Alta Murgia National Park (SE Italy). Seventeen vegetation quadrats were sampled in invaded grasslands and nine quadrats were sampled in nearby uninvaded areas. A. altissima was removed from six quadrats, which were sampled for two years after plant removal. Cluster analysis and non-metric multidimensional scaling ordination were used to identify and visualize the general vegetation pattern. Generalised Linear Models with different error structures were used to analyse the effects of A. altissima on native grasslands and vegetation recovery after removal. Results showed that the invasion of A. altissima changed drastically the community composition, reduced plant richness and diversity. Invaded stands had a greater presence of ruderal and widely distributed taxa, as opposed to a lesser presence of endemic and Mediterranean ones. The differences in the community composition between invaded and uninvaded quadrats became clearly detectable when A. altissima plants exceeded a threshold of 1 m of height and 50% of coverage. After A. altissima removal, the recovery of the grassland community was not completely achieved after two years.

To get access to this content you need the following product:

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 69.000 Bücher
  • über 500 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Testen Sie jetzt 15 Tage kostenlos.

Springer Professional "Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 50.000 Bücher
  • über 380 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe




Testen Sie jetzt 15 Tage kostenlos.

Appendix
Available only for authorised users
Literature
go back to reference Bianco P (1962) Flora e vegetazione delle murge di nord ovest. Ann Fac Agrar Univ Bari 16:459–640 Bianco P (1962) Flora e vegetazione delle murge di nord ovest. Ann Fac Agrar Univ Bari 16:459–640
go back to reference Casella F, Boari A, Zonno MC, Palomba G, Vurro M (2015) Control of Ailanthus altissima in a natural environment. 17th European Weed Research Society Symposium—weed management in changing environments. Montpellier, France, 23–26 June, 2015, p. 218 Casella F, Boari A, Zonno MC, Palomba G, Vurro M (2015) Control of Ailanthus altissima in a natural environment. 17th European Weed Research Society Symposium—weed management in changing environments. Montpellier, France, 23–26 June, 2015, p. 218
go back to reference Casella F, Vurro M, Boari A (2016) Restoration of areas invaded by Ailanthus altissima in the Alta Murgia National Park: experience within a LIFE project. 7th International Weed Science Congress. Prague, Czech Republic, 19–25 June 2016, p. 215 Casella F, Vurro M, Boari A (2016) Restoration of areas invaded by Ailanthus altissima in the Alta Murgia National Park: experience within a LIFE project. 7th International Weed Science Congress. Prague, Czech Republic, 19–25 June 2016, p. 215
go back to reference DiTomaso JM, Kyser GB (2007) Control of Ailanthus altissima using stem herbicide application techniques. Arboric Urban 33:55–63 DiTomaso JM, Kyser GB (2007) Control of Ailanthus altissima using stem herbicide application techniques. Arboric Urban 33:55–63
go back to reference Erdős L, Márkus A, Körmöczi L (2005) Consequences of an extirpation trial of the tree of heaven ( Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle) on rock grasslands and slope steppes. Tiscia 35:3–7 Erdős L, Márkus A, Körmöczi L (2005) Consequences of an extirpation trial of the tree of heaven ( Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle) on rock grasslands and slope steppes. Tiscia 35:3–7
go back to reference European Commission (2013) Interpretation manual of European Union habitats. EUR 28:1–144 European Commission (2013) Interpretation manual of European Union habitats. EUR 28:1–144
go back to reference Forte L, Perrino EV, Terzi M (2005) Le praterie a Stipa austroitalica Martinovsky ssp. austroitalica dell’Alta Murgia (Puglia) e della Murgia Materana (Basilicata). Fitosociologia 42:83–103 Forte L, Perrino EV, Terzi M (2005) Le praterie a Stipa austroitalica Martinovsky ssp. austroitalica dell’Alta Murgia (Puglia) e della Murgia Materana (Basilicata). Fitosociologia 42:83–103
go back to reference Fotiadis G, Kyriazopoulos AP, Fraggakis I (2011) The behaviour of Ailanthus altissima weed and its effects on natural ecosystems. J Environ Biol 32:801–806 Fotiadis G, Kyriazopoulos AP, Fraggakis I (2011) The behaviour of Ailanthus altissima weed and its effects on natural ecosystems. J Environ Biol 32:801–806
go back to reference Heisey RM (1990) Allelopathic and herbicidal effects of extracts from tree-of-heaven ( Ailanthus altissima). Am J Bot 77:662–670 CrossRef Heisey RM (1990) Allelopathic and herbicidal effects of extracts from tree-of-heaven ( Ailanthus altissima). Am J Bot 77:662–670 CrossRef
go back to reference Lawrence JG, Colwell A, Sexton OJ (1991) The ecological impact of allelopathy in Ailanthus altissima ( Simaroubaceae). Am J Bot 78:948–958 CrossRef Lawrence JG, Colwell A, Sexton OJ (1991) The ecological impact of allelopathy in Ailanthus altissima ( Simaroubaceae). Am J Bot 78:948–958 CrossRef
go back to reference McCune B, Mefford MJ (2011) PC-ORD. Multivariate analysis of ecological data. Version 6.22. MjM Software, Gleneden Beach, Oregon, US McCune B, Mefford MJ (2011) PC-ORD. Multivariate analysis of ecological data. Version 6.22. MjM Software, Gleneden Beach, Oregon, US
go back to reference Ministry for Environment, Land and Sea Protection of Italy (2019). Decreto 28 dicembre 2018. Gazzetta ufficiale della Repubblica Italiana n.19. Accessed 29 Jun 2021. Ministry for Environment, Land and Sea Protection of Italy (2019). Decreto 28 dicembre 2018. Gazzetta ufficiale della Repubblica Italiana n.19. Accessed 29 Jun 2021.
go back to reference Pignatti S, Menegoni P, Pietrosanti S (2005) Biondicazione attraverso le piante vascolari. Valori di indicazione secondo Ellenberg (Zeigerwerte) per le specie della Flora d’Italia. Braun-Blanquetia 39:1–97 Pignatti S, Menegoni P, Pietrosanti S (2005) Biondicazione attraverso le piante vascolari. Valori di indicazione secondo Ellenberg (Zeigerwerte) per le specie della Flora d’Italia. Braun-Blanquetia 39:1–97
go back to reference Pyšek P, Chytrý M, Pergl J, Sádlo J, Wild J (2012) Plant invasions in the Czech Republic: current state, introduction dynamics, invasive species and invaded habitats. Preslia 84:575–629 Pyšek P, Chytrý M, Pergl J, Sádlo J, Wild J (2012) Plant invasions in the Czech Republic: current state, introduction dynamics, invasive species and invaded habitats. Preslia 84:575–629
go back to reference Pyšek P, Genovesi P, Pergl J, Monaco A, Wild J (2013) Invasion of protected areas in Europe: an old continent facing new problems. In: Foxcroft LC, Pyšek P, Richardson DM, Genovesi P (eds) Plant invasions in protected areas: patterns, problems and challenges. Springer, Dordrecht, p 209–240 CrossRef Pyšek P, Genovesi P, Pergl J, Monaco A, Wild J (2013) Invasion of protected areas in Europe: an old continent facing new problems. In: Foxcroft LC, Pyšek P, Richardson DM, Genovesi P (eds) Plant invasions in protected areas: patterns, problems and challenges. Springer, Dordrecht, p 209–240 CrossRef
go back to reference R Core Team (2020) R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria, URL R Core Team (2020) R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria, URL
go back to reference Richardson D (1998) Forestry trees as invasive aliens. Conserv Biol 12:18–26 CrossRef Richardson D (1998) Forestry trees as invasive aliens. Conserv Biol 12:18–26 CrossRef
go back to reference Scavo A, Restuccia A, Mauromicale G (2018) Allelopathy: principles and basic aspects for agroecosystem control. In: Gaba S, Smith B, Lichtfouse E (eds.) Sustainable agriculture reviews 28. Sustainable agriculture reviews. Springer, Cham, p 47–101. vol 28 CrossRef Scavo A, Restuccia A, Mauromicale G (2018) Allelopathy: principles and basic aspects for agroecosystem control. In: Gaba S, Smith B, Lichtfouse E (eds.) Sustainable agriculture reviews 28. Sustainable agriculture reviews. Springer, Cham, p 47–101. vol 28 CrossRef
go back to reference Sirbu C, Vîntu V, Samuil C, Stavarache M (2016) Invasive neophytes in natural grasslands of Romania. Rom J Grassl Forage Crops 13:57–72 Sirbu C, Vîntu V, Samuil C, Stavarache M (2016) Invasive neophytes in natural grasslands of Romania. Rom J Grassl Forage Crops 13:57–72
go back to reference Sokal RR, Michener CD (1958) A statistical method for evaluating systematic relationships. Univ Kans Sci Bull 38:1409–1438 Sokal RR, Michener CD (1958) A statistical method for evaluating systematic relationships. Univ Kans Sci Bull 38:1409–1438
go back to reference Terzi M (2007) Conservation of genetic resources in Mediterranean protected areas: the Park of Alta Murgia (South Italy). In: Bullitta S (ed) Plant genetic resources of geographical and “other” Islands (conservation, evaluation and use for plant breeding). CNR-ISPAAM sez. Sassari. Publisher, Sassari (Italy), p 311–319 Terzi M (2007) Conservation of genetic resources in Mediterranean protected areas: the Park of Alta Murgia (South Italy). In: Bullitta S (ed) Plant genetic resources of geographical and “other” Islands (conservation, evaluation and use for plant breeding). CNR-ISPAAM sez. Sassari. Publisher, Sassari (Italy), p 311–319
go back to reference Terzi M, Di Pietro R, D’Amico FS (2010) Indicator species analysis applied to communities with Stipa austroitalica Martinovsky and relevant syntaxonomic problems. Plant Sociol 47:3–28 Terzi M, Di Pietro R, D’Amico FS (2010) Indicator species analysis applied to communities with Stipa austroitalica Martinovsky and relevant syntaxonomic problems. Plant Sociol 47:3–28
go back to reference Uzunov Y, Georgiev BB, Varadinoiva E, Ivanova N, Pehlivanov L, Vasilev V (eds) (2012) Ecosystems of the biosphere reserve Srebarna lake. Professor Marin Drinov Academic Publishing House, Sofia, p 218 Uzunov Y, Georgiev BB, Varadinoiva E, Ivanova N, Pehlivanov L, Vasilev V (eds) (2012) Ecosystems of the biosphere reserve Srebarna lake. Professor Marin Drinov Academic Publishing House, Sofia, p 218
go back to reference Wang YI, Naumann U, Wright ST, Warton DI (2012) mvabund–an R package for model-based analysis of multivariate abundance data. Methods Ecol Evol 3:471–474 CrossRef Wang YI, Naumann U, Wright ST, Warton DI (2012) mvabund–an R package for model-based analysis of multivariate abundance data. Methods Ecol Evol 3:471–474 CrossRef
go back to reference Westhoff V, van der Maarel E (1980) The Braun-Blanquet approach. In: Whittaker RH (ed) Classification of plant communities, 2nd ed. Junk, The Hague (NL), p 287–399 Westhoff V, van der Maarel E (1980) The Braun-Blanquet approach. In: Whittaker RH (ed) Classification of plant communities, 2nd ed. Junk, The Hague (NL), p 287–399
go back to reference Wickham H (2016) ggplot2: elegant graphics for data analysis. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY CrossRef Wickham H (2016) ggplot2: elegant graphics for data analysis. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY CrossRef
go back to reference Zhang P, Li B, Wu J, Hu S (2019) Invasive plants differentially affect soil biota through litter and rhizosphere pathways: a meta analysis. Ecol Lett 22:200–210 CrossRef Zhang P, Li B, Wu J, Hu S (2019) Invasive plants differentially affect soil biota through litter and rhizosphere pathways: a meta analysis. Ecol Lett 22:200–210 CrossRef
Metadata
Title
Effects of Ailanthus altissima Invasion and Removal on High-Biodiversity Mediterranean Grasslands
Authors
Massimo Terzi
Diego Fontaneto
Francesca Casella
Publication date
04-09-2021
Publisher
Springer US
Published in
Environmental Management / Issue 6/2021
Print ISSN: 0364-152X
Electronic ISSN: 1432-1009
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-021-01522-6