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15-02-2019 | Issue 3/2019

Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance 3/2019

Effects of Solution Treatment on Microstructure Transformation, Tensile and Exfoliation Corrosion Properties of 7136 Aluminum Alloy

Journal:
Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance > Issue 3/2019
Authors:
Junlong Zhang, Jingyuan Li, Shaokun Tian, Dan Lv
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Abstract

The effects of solution treatment on microstructure transformation and tensile properties of 7136 aluminum alloys were investigated by means of scanning electron microscopy, electron backscatter diffraction, differential scanning calorimeter, x-ray diffraction and tensile test, electrochemical evaluations, exfoliation corrosion tests, respectively. The results indicate that solution treatment had a significant effect on the microstructure transformation and tensile properties. Soluble constituents of 7136 aluminum alloys were more likely to form the η(MgZn2) phase rather than the S(Al2CuMg) phase. With increasing the solution temperature, the η phase was re-dissolved into the α(Al) matrix gradually. After solution treatment of 475 °C/1 h, the η phase was completely dissolved into the matrix, with insoluble Fe-rich phases remained. The dissolution of η phase would increase the strength and the corrosion resistance of the alloys. When continuing to increase the solution temperature, the recrystallized fraction increased obviously, resulting in the decrease in the strength and the corrosion resistance. Consequently, the strength and the corrosion resistance of the alloys increased firstly and then decreased with the increase in solution temperature. After solution treatment of 475 °C/1 h, the tensile strength and yield strength of the aged alloy reached their peaks, 738  and 715 MPa, respectively. The elongation of the alloy solution treated at 475 °C/1 h reached 11.2%, and its exfoliation corrosion rating got EB level. Furthermore, after the double-stage solution treatment of 450 °C/1 h + 475 °C/1 h, the recrystallized fraction decreased, resulting in a slight increase to 12.6% of the elongation, a slight increase in the corrosion resistance and a slight decrease in the strength.

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