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2019 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

17. Energy Market Liberalization for Unlocking Community-Based Green Finance

Authors : Aki Suwa, Magali Dreyfus

Published in: Handbook of Green Finance

Publisher: Springer Singapore

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Abstract

There are increasing expectations on community-based financing for local renewable projects in Japan and in France: In both France and Japan, it has been about 10–20 years since the power market has been open to competition, in which France was ahead in fully liberalizing market to households in 2007, compared to that in Japan of 2016.
With this as a background, a number of local governments are now able to establish power producer suppliers (PPS) to develop and supply renewable energy.
Local renewable projects of the PPSs, if properly designed, can function as a mechanism to create circular financial flow, where profits associated with electricity sales and the associated financial benefits may stay in the communities to form a shared stock for residential benefits.
This chapter illustrates cases in Japan and France, in which both electricity markets were centralized but are now open to new entrants, to identify if and how the projects have come about, and what the key factors of creating community benefits are. It also analyses financial and credibility barriers, through the case studies, to draw lessons for further community renewable development. The findings will help to clarify the importance of community financial flow for the community sustainability, and how the community has gained the access to finance and investment.

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Metadata
Title
Energy Market Liberalization for Unlocking Community-Based Green Finance
Authors
Aki Suwa
Magali Dreyfus
Copyright Year
2019
Publisher
Springer Singapore
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-0227-5_30

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