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2019 | Book

Energy Resources in Bangladesh

Trends and Contemporary Issues

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About this book

This book discusses the energy issues facing Bangladesh, specifically the lack of access to electricity that impedes overall development. In-depth chapters examine critical energy problems and provide possible solutions including energy conversion and energy efficiency and the utilization of energy reform strategies for further development of the energy sector. This book is useful to students and practitioners seeking a clearer understanding of contemporary energy issues, energy markets and their sustainable development, including modern technologies for energy conversion from as waste and strategies for efficiency. It presents thought-provoking ideas and strategies to help Bangladesh achieve Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and transition to an upper-middle income country by 2021, through the utilization of proper energy policies.

Table of Contents

Frontmatter
Chapter 1. Energy: The Lifeblood of Bangladesh Economy
Energy Is a Key Factor in Achieving Sustainable Development in Bangladesh
Abstract
The indispensable role of energy, a global commodity, in shaping the world economy has also been widely acknowledged. Energy enhances the productivity of other non-energy factors of production and also contributes towards improvement in the living standard of the people, apart from playing its ultimate role in dictating the development process within an economy. It is a prime task for a growing economy like Bangladesh to tap all possible options that are optimal for its energy sector‘s development and to do so; the economic policies have to be focused explicitly on accurate identification of the appropriate reform strategies to maximise the benefits from energy sector development. The development of power and energy sector will not only elevate the economy to a higher status but also upsurge productivity and efficiency that will boost the overall economic achievement of Bangladesh.
Sakib Bin Amin, Saanjaana Rahman
Chapter 2. Energy Options in Bangladesh: A Review
The Efficient Use of Existing Energy Resources Is Crucial for Bangladesh in Enhancing Its Energy Outlook
Abstract
With a focus on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) criteria for sustainable, clean and affordable energy, it should be ideal for Bangladesh to consider its energy options. This will not only lead to much desirable mitigation of the country’s energy famine but would also contribute favourably to its macroeconomic indicators. The phenomenal shift from traditional energy to relatively environment-friendly energy usage would help to maintain a harmony with the ecosystem, reducing the rate of global environmental degradation. However, to facilitate this transition, Bangladesh would require the government’s stern involvement in the form of financing projects to develop the energy infrastructure. If this can be ensured, then Bangladesh, by all means, can attain its dream of probing in the elite panel of upper-middle-income countries by 2021.
Sakib Bin Amin, Saanjaana Rahman
Chapter 3. Importance of Energy Efficiency in Bangladesh
Adoption of Energy Efficiency Strategies Would Have the Potentials to Ensure Future Energy Security in Bangladesh
Abstract
Energy efficiency enhancement has been associated with foster economic development in many countries in the world. Besides, adoption of energy efficiency technologies is also believed to ensure energy security of an economy. The concept of energy efficiency is relevant for Bangladesh for many reasons. For example, Bangladesh’s domestic energy options are not promising as the nation’s natural gas reserve is on the point of being exhausted while the enormous stockpile of superior quality coal remains unexplored due to technical deficiency. The local industries are also eager to use low-efficient machinery with the notion of cost minimisation. Therefore, the government should set up the right policy so that Bangladesh’s energy security would be enhanced significantly by adding a diverse range of energy efficiency programmes. It is also crucial to ensure the participation of all the stakeholders for the successful implementation of the energy efficiency initiatives.
Sakib Bin Amin, Saanjaana Rahman
Chapter 4. Drivers of Energy Demand in Bangladesh
A Wide Range of Activities Influences the Energy Demand of the End Consumers in Bangladesh
Abstract
The energy demand in Bangladesh is increasing at a very high rate, and the sustained growth in GDP fuels this demand. It is worth noting that millions of people are concentrating in townships every year and the number will keep on spiralling until prominent alternative jobs are created in other regions of the country. Mainly due to the immense opportunities and prospects, new residential buildings, shopping malls, grocery shops, educational institutions, offices and hospitals are growing in urban regions of Bangladesh, namely in Dhaka city and Chattogram. This is complementing to the rising demand for energy (mainly electricity) at a faster rate. It is essential that the policymakers in Bangladesh should have a clear understanding of the drivers of energy demand to formulate the energy policy which will ensure sustainable energy development in Bangladesh.
Sakib Bin Amin, Saanjaana Rahman
Chapter 5. Fuel Diversification and Future Energy Security in Bangladesh
The Energy Security of Any Country Like Bangladesh Depends on the Fuel Diversification and Its Optimal Uses
Abstract
Despite the success of increasing generation capacity, still, Bangladesh is heavily dependent on natural gas and imported fuels. Constraints of primary fuel cause inability to generate sufficient electricity to meet standards. The nation’s huge dependence on imported fuel has also attributed to fiscal burden, exerting multidimensional pressures on its economic development drives. Thus, proper preparation for the near future and planning for fuel diversification strategies, keeping in line with the trends in the global markets, is very crucial for Bangladesh. Bangladesh can look forward to replacing fossil fuel and non-renewable energy with the renewables to match its local energy demand as a part of its fuel diversification drive and to ensure energy security.
Sakib Bin Amin, Saanjaana Rahman
Chapter 6. The Role of ICT in Energy Sector: Towards a Digital Bangladesh by 2021
ICT Can Play a Very Crucial Role in Attaining Energy Efficiency in Both Developing and Developed Countries
Abstract
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) can play a major role in mitigating different challenges of the energy and environmental sectors faced by many countries of the world. For example, ICT helps both the developed and developing countries to face many challenges associated with climate change, waste management, energy scarcity and loss of biodiversity. For the future energy security in Bangladesh, the government needs to ensure that the influence of ICT on the energy sector is maximised along with the other energy policies. United Nations has listed 12 ICT-based innovations for the potential impact of ICT in the energy sector and achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Bangladesh should consider all these innovations in the energy policy. The young people in Bangladesh are very much enthusiastic about the ICT, and government should capitalise it by providing stable power and electricity in ICT applications such as grid management, load analysis, sensors for remote measuring, chips and controllers for monitoring, smart meters and automated dispatch software.
Sakib Bin Amin, Saanjaana Rahman
Chapter 7. Good Governance: A Response to the Energy Crisis Problem
Good Governance Couples with Market Regulation Can Be Instrumental in Ensuring Long-Term Energy Security in Bangladesh
Abstract
Energy and power crisis, for example, in Bangladesh, has become a continuous and persistent problem since her independence in 1971. It is, therefore, essential to take steps ensuring necessary energy supplies and their proper distribution to all uses and users to support steady socio-economic development in Bangladesh. This can be ensured through the institutional reforms of the energy utilities, the proper coordination among different energy stakeholders, enhancement of new policies, resource valuation and capacity development for proper administration. Through the practices of transparency and accountability, the government can consult with various stakeholders for policy implications. The government can focus on the policies which reflect the public sentiment and help the country to achieve the goals in effective ways. So, good governance is a key issue from Bangladesh’s perspective as it can help the country to get rid of this demand–supply mismatch.
Sakib Bin Amin, Saanjaana Rahman
Chapter 8. The Impact of Skill Development in Bangladesh Energy Sector
A Skilled Labour Force Is a Necessity for the Energy Market Development in Bangladesh as It Will Drive Completing of Energy Projects Across the Sector
Abstract
Although the indigenous energy reserves are getting exhausted, it is believed that Bangladesh still has an enormous quantity of energy reserves that are yet to be unearthed and used partly due to lack of expertise in making discoveries and inability to execute exploration of existing ones. This is particularly due to the limited expertise and skilled human resource in the energy sector. It is obvious that at the current usage rate and if no new reserves are discovered, the natural gas reserve in Bangladesh will be exhausted by 2031. Thus, skill development to create technologically skilled human resources aimed at operating in the energy sector is extremely important.
Sakib Bin Amin, Saanjaana Rahman
Chapter 9. Importance of Cross-Border Electricity Trading in Bangladesh Energy Sector
Energy Cooperation with India, Bhutan and Nepal Can Explore the Hydropower Potentials in Bangladesh and Ensure Future Energy Security
Abstract
Since there are complementarities in demand for electricity and resource endowments, which is a result of having diverse primary energy sources and differences in seasonal patterns of electricity availability and requirements, the strengthening of cross-border electricity cooperation within the South Asian region can be a revolutionary answer to ensuring sufficient and reliable electricity availability within the regional nations. Bangladesh should import electricity out of such hydropower generation through the power interconnections with neighbouring countries for a stable base load supply, energy fuel diversification and climate change mitigation. Currently, the arrangements for power transmission and trade are usually bilateral, mainly involving two governments with minimal involvement of the private sectors. However, as bilateral trade increases, expanded participation by third parties also can grow. One such example is efforts to develop power trade between Nepal and Bangladesh with India as a transit country.
Sakib Bin Amin, Saanjaana Rahman
Chapter 10. Solar Water Heater, an Alternative Eco-friendly Technology
Solar Water Heater, a Clean Energy Technology Can Be Used to Heat Water in Bangladesh
Abstract
A solar water heating (SWH) system is a device that makes the available thermal energy of the incident solar radiation for use in various water heating applications. Solar energy can be used in several ways to heat water for domestic, industrial and commercial purposes. Solar hot water with affordable pricing could be a sustainable solution for the households in Bangladesh. Bangladesh’s geographical location and climate make it have an enormous potential for harnessing solar power. However, Bangladesh is still lagging behind adopting the solar water heater even though many benefits come with it. The solar water heater is still an unknown phenomenon for most of the citizens, and Bangladesh has no strong policy regarding solar water heater. There is no doubt that lots of factors have always constrained the journey towards non-renewable to renewable. But, to tackle those barriers, a long-term strategic plan has to be developed to promote water heater in Bangladesh. The plan should aim to implement capacity building, awareness, research and development of manufacturing programmes with planned policy and regulatory control for quality control of the systems.
Sakib Bin Amin, Saanjaana Rahman
Chapter 11. The Environment-Friendly Use of Coal in Bangladesh
Clean Coal Can Mitigate the Energy Crisis in Bangladesh and Shape the Future Energy Market
Abstract
One of the best options for Bangladesh to generate electricity is to shift its dependency to coal. A coal-fired power plant can not only make Bangladesh lose its dependency on natural gas but also fuel Bangladesh‘s economy to a great extent. Since, coal is the cheapest primary energy and high-quality coal is abundant in Bangladesh, domestic coal development is essential in Bangladesh. However, implementation of public sector coal-fired mega power plant projects in Matarbari, Rampal and Payra has been progressing slowly. Moreover, numerous people came out to the streets, requesting the power plant to be relocated, as they believe that the Sundarbans is in danger. But due to technological advancement, the adverse effects of burning coal can be reduced at a minimum level and a stable amount of electricity can be produced from the coal power plant in Bangladesh.
Sakib Bin Amin, Saanjaana Rahman
Chapter 12. Bioenergy: The Hope that Is After Gas
Bioenergy as a Source of Clean, Renewable Energy Can Help Bangladesh Achieving Resource Sustainability, Energy Security and Higher Economic Growth
Abstract
The incompetence to match respective demand for energy is a common characteristic found in all developing and emerging nations around the globe. For instance, use of traditional indigenous energy resources in Bangladesh is inadequate in ensuring energy sufficiency across the country. Traditionally, developing and emerging economies have endeavoured in employing biofuels such as wood and cow dung cakes for energy. However, putting these and other non-renewable energy sources into use have created further adversities in the form of environmental degradation and health hazards. Bioenergy in the form of biofuels can resolve these issues making it an ideal sustainable renewable energy source for Bangladesh which would also be both eco-friendly and healthy. Bioenergy can relieve the financial burdens of the nation arising from oil imports by the QR companies to generate power which in turn would ensure more significant investments in relatively more productive sectors spawning higher rates of economic growth. Bioenergy will be able to provide energy security, with the availability of sufficient energy supplies at affordable prices, by focusing on the supply side of the energy domain.
Sakib Bin Amin, Saanjaana Rahman
Chapter 13. LNG and LPG Market Development in Bangladesh
LNG and LPG Can Play an Essential Role as Part of Fuel Mix Strategies in Future Energy Security in Bangladesh
Abstract
Bangladesh can focus on the development of markets for liquefied gaseous energy sources like Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) and Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) as alternative sources of energy as a part of the fuel diversification plan. Keeping the enormous prospects into consideration, a switch from the employment of traditional fuels to LNG and LPG would ideally improve the standard of living of the people of Bangladesh and would also help to attain the far-reaching economic, social and environmental well-being. However, to reap the complete benefits of using these two relatively eco-friendly energy sources, as alternative fuels, the concerned markets need to be adequately developed. Moreover, favourable government regulations, improvement of infrastructure in port areas, awareness building and, most importantly, proper pricing of LPG and LNG are necessary to ensure sufficient energy diversification for resolving energy crisis in Bangladesh.
Sakib Bin Amin, Saanjaana Rahman
Chapter 14. Energy Transmission System in Bangladesh
Strengthening the Energy Transmission Network in Bangladesh Is Crucial for 100% Electrification by 2021
Abstract
The growth in the energy sector of a country heavily relies on an efficient transmission system. Without an efficient transmission system, more generation in energy will be meaningless in the first place. The single integrated buyer electricity market model of Bangladesh has insufficient access to retail competition that leads to monopoly business of electricity. It is costly to build transmission networks (electricity lines) since there exists a natural monopoly in the market. It is to be expected that potential competitors would not be willing to make the capital investment needed even to enter the monopolist’s market. Thus, the government should regulate the market to reduce the monopoly power and design a private system of ownership to decrease the economic losses by the inefficient operations in the transmission sector.
Sakib Bin Amin, Saanjaana Rahman
Chapter 15. Prepaid Metering as an Instrument for Power Development
A Prepaid Metering System Can Ensure the Collection of Bills in Advance and Limit the Unauthorised Electricity Usage in Bangladesh
Abstract
One of the important concerns in Bangladesh that provoke the power crisis scenario in Bangladesh is power theft. Power theft can occur in numerous forms such as stealing, meter tampering, billing irregularities, and unpaid bills. Theft of power in Bangladesh in 2016 was estimated to be 14% which is around 2400 megawatt hour (MWh). This is quite alarming situation since, at this rate, power worth approximately BDT 5 billion is stolen from the national grid leading to serious negative implications on the Bangladesh economy. Introduction of a prepaid metering system can reduce the power theft in Bangladesh. It is not only that the consumers have benefitted from the implantation of the prepaid metering system, but rather the power companies have also benefited in some ways, primarily through improved cash flows and a decrease in non-technical losses, along with relatively less amount of overhead expenses. The increased revenue and no outstanding bills with better monitoring and protection from conventional-meter tampering can also play important roles for future energy security in Bangladesh.
Sakib Bin Amin, Saanjaana Rahman
Chapter 16. Role of FDI in Energy Market in Bangladesh
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Is Essential for Bangladesh Energy Sector to Maximise the Electricity Generation Tapping the Different Types of Energy
Abstract
The contribution of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the energy sector would mean that the energy sector would now have more financial support to overcome energy crisis. The role of FDI is also very crucial for the renewable energy development in Bangladesh, especially in rural areas to realise SDG 7’s “affordable and clean energy” goal. FDI in the power sector can also promote exports, hence plummeting the scale of imports of energy and oil from countries. The government’s shortage of the funds and ability to make power grids and to increase the capacity of electricity creates room for more FDI to be availed. Thus, more attention from FDI can be acquired for the betterment of the energy sector in Bangladesh.
Sakib Bin Amin, Saanjaana Rahman
Chapter 17. Urbanisation and Energy Linkages in Bangladesh
The Process of Urbanisation in Bangladesh Will Require More Energy Intensive Products Through the Change in Consumption Patterns and Lifestyle
Abstract
The recent development of Bangladesh has occurred mainly through the industrialisation, and the energy demand is expected to increase to keep pace with the rapid industrialisation and urbanisation. Millions of people are concentrating in townships every year, and the number will keep on spiralling until prominent alternative jobs are created in other regions of the country. Urbanisation increases energy usage in Bangladesh by aggravating the demand for housing, land use, public utilities, food, electric appliances and nonetheless transportation. Urban regions are more energy intensive than rural regions as urban dwellers consume higher quantities of resources and add pressure to the feeble ecosystem, implying that the continuous increase in the ecosystem in urbanisation will have a notable impact on energy demand and usage. Therefore, understanding the linkage between urbanisation and energy is very important for Bangladesh. A rapid and poorly planned urbanisation can cause widespread energy poverty.
Sakib Bin Amin, Saanjaana Rahman
Chapter 18. Linkages Between Women and Energy Sector in Bangladesh
A Gender Perception Is not just Pertinent, but Vigorous, in Forming Bangladesh’s Energy Future
Abstract
Energy and women can be interrelated in many ways. The nature of the energy resource base, the features of the household, the effectiveness of energy policy and the position of women in the households can affect the relationship between energy and women. Women are usually deprived in Bangladesh regarding ownership and access to land, natural resources, credit, information and decision-making, at all levels. The energy industry is one of the most gender imbalanced sectors across the world. This hinders the development process of the developing and transition countries. Since the goal of Bangladesh government is to ensure everyone has access to sustainable energy, it is important for policymakers to understand the crucial and vital connection between gender and sustainable energy. To bridge the gender knowledge gap of macro energy projects, an initiative needs to be taken to unite mitigation practitioners to share optimum practices and insights into mainstreaming gender in the renewable energy sector. Incorporating gender perspectives into energy projects, policy and planning are essential to ensuring their effectiveness.
Sakib Bin Amin, Saanjaana Rahman
Chapter 19. Renewable Energy Practices in Bangladesh
Renewable Energy Technologies (RETs) Can Be Used to Increase Access to Modern Energy Services in Rural Areas and Ensure Future Energy Security in Bangladesh
Abstract
Despite the recent success of increasing the electricity generation, Bangladesh faces a problem in expanding the grid network to the rural areas because of the high transmission and distributional costs of providing grid connections in those areas and infrastructural bottlenecks. Renewable energy technologies (RETs) appears to be one of the most efficient and smart solutions to tackle the ongoing energy crisis of the energy poverty countries and to combat the global climate changes. Harnessing the renewable resources can play a vital role to improve the living standards of rural Bangladesh and to solve the future environmental problems in Bangladesh. However, Bangladesh has major constraints for renewable energy expansion, namely land availability and meteorological conditions, and the maximum renewable energy (power generation) potential is up to 10%. To address such issues, increasing renewable energy integration while maintaining electricity supply stability, large-scale and safe energy storage technology is proposed as a supporting measure, and a practical introduction is highly expected.
Sakib Bin Amin, Saanjaana Rahman
Chapter 20. Energy Conservation Options and Policies in Bangladesh
Energy Conservation is a Key Driver in a Country Like Bangladesh Which is not Blessed with Energy Resources
Abstract
Energy conservation policies are very much in line with the social development goals proposed by the United Nations. Energy conservation is also significant from Bangladesh perspective. A country like Bangladesh usually faces severe challenges in ensuring energy security employing indigenous energy resources in an environmentally friendly manner. For the promotion of conservation policies, the government has already started working jointly with the World Bank, Asian Development Bank, and many other international donor agencies and prepared an action plan to enhance the energy conservation policies to save 15 and 20% of total energy by 2021 and 2030, respectively. It is expected that the energy conservation policies in Bangladesh could save energy by reducing unnecessary use of energy which not only ensures future energy supply but also accelerates the pace of the economic activities.
Sakib Bin Amin, Saanjaana Rahman
Chapter 21. The Nexus Between Energy and Healthcare Development: Few Stylised Facts with a Special Emphasis on Bangladesh
Energy Can Improve the Healthcare System to the Poor People in Bangladesh
Abstract
From a healthcare perspective, energy is a crucial parameter for delivering and developing the healthcare services and life-saving interventions. In Bangladesh, lack of access to reliable energy affects the health services in the rural areas to a considerable extent. For example, unreliable access to electricity leads to vaccine spoilage, interruptions in the use of diagnostic and other medical devices, and even for maternal delivery and emergency procedures. The choices of energy can also lead patients to many diseases in a transition economy like Bangladesh. For instance, cooking food using wood can lead to harmful smoke in the air, which leads to respiratory diseases. With changes in the pattern and urgency of disease along with its treatment, more energy (cleaner and reliable) is needed to overcome the obstacle. Thus, Bangladesh should promote the expansion of renewable energy in rural areas to facilitate the healthcare service through the public–private partnership.
Sakib Bin Amin, Saanjaana Rahman
Chapter 22. Energy, Employment and Poverty: The Bangladesh Experience
By Enhancing the Productivity of Resources and Ensuring Higher Living Standards, Energy Can Secure Job for Poor People in Rural Bangladesh
Abstract
Energy access, especially the rural electrification through renewables can play a vital role in Bangladesh economy by offering job opportunities, reducing health hazards, increasing productivity and fostering economic growth. They can able to generate income through the farm, off-farm activities and save money to some extent. These savings can facilitate access to education and improve the health status of the people through improved nutrition. Thus, energy can play an important role in ensuring food security as the previously mentioned energy deprived farmers now can use modern technologies for agriculture. These technologies would also help generate additional income for poor households in rural Bangladesh.
Sakib Bin Amin, Saanjaana Rahman
Chapter 23. Biogas Generation from Household Level Farming in Bangladesh
Small-Scale Biogas Production at the Household Level Can Alleviate Poverty and Improve the Living Standards of the Poor People in Bangladesh
Abstract
Given the geography of Bangladesh, rural areas are more likely to adopt biogas technology which can ensure access to electricity for rural people. Small-scale livestock farms, which are available in most houses in rural areas, can provide raw materials for the biogas plant. However, due to lack of information, skills, proper market and inefficient technology, people are reluctant to make biogas plant, or they do not have the knowledge how to build a biogas plant which they can use to produce biogas and then use those gas for household uses. Biogas can also be used in urban areas where the gas connection is not available yet for the household cooking purpose. As the supply of natural gas has been at stake due to depleting existing reserves, the development of biogas as an option of renewable energy is one of the more critical policies as part of fuel diversification programme, among other strategies.
Sakib Bin Amin, Saanjaana Rahman
Chapter 24. Water–Energy Nexus at the Heart of Sustainable Development in Bangladesh
The Availability of Water Can Affect Power Plants and Energy Generation in Bangladesh
Abstract
The nexus between water and energy is crucial for Bangladesh economy. The demand for water consumption in the irrigation is one of the greatest and fastest growing, as water holds the key to agricultural development. The success of irrigation depends on the uninterrupted supply of electricity. Through irrigation, arable land is expanded, resulting in increased nutrition. Thus, access to energy will underpin social–economic development in Bangladesh, mainly through benefits of education, improving livelihoods, in procuring, treating and supplying safe drinking water supplies, and reducing dependence on firewood (particularly for cooking). The local economic growth can be catalysed by water and energy together. For example, when the local families enjoy greater disposable income, favourable feedback of economic strengthening and growth incurs. The enhanced productivity for improved healthcare and well-being will sum up those economic benefits, stabilising the communities, incorporating that into water and sanitation.
Sakib Bin Amin, Saanjaana Rahman
Chapter 25. Smart Grid in Bangladesh Energy Sector
Smart Grid Technology Can Ensure Market Competition, Efficiency and Sustainable Energy Security in Bangladesh
Abstract
Smart grid can be considered as a future of the power grid which can manage the production, transmission and distribution of electricity by modern technology to resolve many issues of current power grid systems. It is a recommended tool for Bangladesh’s energy sector development, considering its immense benefits and potential. For example, smart grids allow consumers of electricity also to become electricity producers through which the extra electricity produced can also be utilised into the national grid. Smart grids can actively increase electricity efficiency by lowering the costs of electricity generation, delivery and consumption. Setting up solar-based microsmart grids for renewable electricity generation can contribute in the form of off-grid electricity supply which can commendably tackle the problem of low rural electrification rate. However, adoption of this technology can be a challenging task ahead of the government due to weak infrastructure. It is advisable for Bangladesh to undertake pilot projects and gradually develop its infrastructure before going for large-scale transformations.
Sakib Bin Amin, Saanjaana Rahman
Chapter 26. Microenterprises and Energy Security in Bangladesh
Microenterprises Can Help in Solving the Challenges of Energy Access for the Poor in Bangladesh
Abstract
The aspect of microenterprise in the energy sector in Bangladesh is enormous. Microenterprises can offer loans to poor households to consume energy services and help in poverty alleviation and promote efficiency. Fifty per cent of the total population in Bangladesh relies for livelihoods on 7 million available microenterprises. However, 90% of these microenterprises have a negative impact on the environment. Because of these environmentally unsustainable enterprises, the development process of the country is hindered to a great extent. Recently, the World Bank has approved USD 110 to help microenterprises adopt cleaner technologies as part of the Sustainable Enterprise Project (SEP).
Sakib Bin Amin, Saanjaana Rahman
Chapter 27. Linkages Between Tourism and Energy Sector in Bangladesh
Higher Tourism Growth Can Accelerate Energy-Oriented Demand in Bangladesh
Abstract
The development of the tourism industry requires a significant amount of energy at different stages. These include running an office, providing accommodation, marketing the product and transport. The rapid growth in the tourism sector can change the tourist’s preference for energy-intensive transportation and increase the non-renewable energy dependency of tourism. The energy sector in Bangladesh will be required to cope up with the changes in the industrial structure as part of tourism-related development activities. Coordination between the tourism and energy ministries would help to come up with a coordinated policy for these two sectors. For example, the hotels in the touristic areas might be given additional incentives for the innovation of renewable energy developments to meet the demands, promotion of energy awareness among the guests, etc. A public–private partnership will further help the country to tap the renewable energies which is located in coastal areas.
Sakib Bin Amin, Saanjaana Rahman
Backmatter
Metadata
Title
Energy Resources in Bangladesh
Authors
Ph.D. Sakib Bin Amin
Saanjaana Rahman
Copyright Year
2019
Electronic ISBN
978-3-030-02919-7
Print ISBN
978-3-030-02918-0
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-02919-7