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2019 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

Enhancing the Water Footprint Method to a Region Specific Management Tool

Authors : Natalia Finogenova, Markus Berger, Matthias Finkbeiner

Published in: Progress in Life Cycle Assessment

Publisher: Springer International Publishing

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Abstract

Water Footprint (WF) is broadly applied as a method to quantify impacts associated with the water use throughout the value chain of products, nevertheless the need for a more temporally and spatially explicit evaluation has recently been highlighted. In this paper a region specific WF inventory and midpoint impact assessment for the cotton-textile value chain in Pakistan is introduced. The locally relevant parameters are identified and included into the water consumption inventory and water availability database. The results are applied to a numerical model for the cotton cultivation. For the water consumption, the introduced region specific parameters are position on the irrigation channel, water source (distinguishing between surface and groundwater), use of the storage reservoirs and water trade between farmers for the inventory. Parameters groundwater level, and salinity and distinguishing between surface and groundwater are included into the water availability database. The calculated WF demonstrates that the separate assessment of the surface and groundwater in both inventory and impact assessment is essential on a regional level. Evaluating local conditions play the vital role for a robust quantification of the WF. Further development of the region specific impact assessment is needed in particular for the endpoint impact assessment for the areas of protection human health, ecosystems and freshwater resources.

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Footnotes
1
Here only the water scarcity footprint is described.
 
Literature
go back to reference DIN: Umweltmanagement – Wasser-Fußabdruck – Grundsätze, Anforderungen und Leitlinien (ISO 14046:2014); Deutsche und Englische Fassung EN ISO 14046:2016 (2016) DIN: Umweltmanagement – Wasser-Fußabdruck – Grundsätze, Anforderungen und Leitlinien (ISO 14046:2014); Deutsche und Englische Fassung EN ISO 14046:2016 (2016)
go back to reference Ercin, A.E., Chico, D., Chapagain, A.K.: Dependencies of Europe’s economy on other parts of the world in terms of water resources, Horizon 2020—IMPREX project, Technical Report D12.1, Water Footprint Network (2016) Ercin, A.E., Chico, D., Chapagain, A.K.: Dependencies of Europe’s economy on other parts of the world in terms of water resources, Horizon 2020—IMPREX project, Technical Report D12.1, Water Footprint Network (2016)
Metadata
Title
Enhancing the Water Footprint Method to a Region Specific Management Tool
Authors
Natalia Finogenova
Markus Berger
Matthias Finkbeiner
Copyright Year
2019
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-92237-9_4

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