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22-08-2018 | Issue 6/2018

Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B 6/2018

Entrapment of Inclusions by Solidified Hooks at the Subsurface of Ultra-Low-Carbon Steel Slab

Journal:
Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B > Issue 6/2018
Authors:
Xubin Zhang, Ying Ren, Lifeng Zhang, Wen Yang
Important notes
Manuscript submitted February 5, 2018.

Abstract

To understand the mechanism for the entrapment of non-metallic inclusions by curved hooks beneath the surface of continuous casting slabs, the etching of the slab, the observation of hooks and the detection of inclusions on sections vertical and parallel to the slab surface were performed. The location of inclusions and hooks was revealed, and forces acting on the inclusion below a hook were analyzed. Inclusions gathered more below the curved hook than in the overflow zone above the hook. From the observation of hooks and inclusions on sections vertical to the slab surface, the number density of 3 to 5 μm inclusions in the hook zone and no-hook zone was very close, while the number density of > 10 μm inclusions in the hook zone was larger than that in the no-hook zone. From the observation on sections parallel to the slab surface, > 20 μm inclusions were located near the hook line more than in other regions, and the number density of inclusions in the hook zone was more than that in the no-hook zone. The apparent friction coefficient dominated the critical capturing size of inclusions from the solidification front, and the deflection angle, flow velocity, sulfur content and solidification velocity had influences on the size range.

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