Skip to main content

2019 | Book

Environmental Geology


About this book

This volume in the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology, Second Edition, brings together chapters examining water, energy, minerals and the environment in a holistic approach to land use planning and utilization. The work examines some of the problems, techniques, and solutions for managing resources so that a balance can be maintained between development and the environment. As world population increases, greater demand is placed on finite resources that earth can provide. Geographic areas once judged inadequate or inappropriate for construction, water and wastewater management, or transportation routes, among other activities, are being considered for, and being used, for development.
Topics covered in this volume include impacts of natural disasters such as earthquakes and sinkholes, water and its use, overuse, and role in energy generation, and carbon sequestration. The topics covered here all play a role in development and the potential to sustain a growing world population. Interactions among system components mean that no single aspect can be addressed without including another. Environmental Geology places these different factors into perspective so that scientists, politicians, economists, planners, and stakeholders can work together to develop solutions that provide an acceptable balance between development and the environmental services on which we all depend.

Table of Contents



Environmental Geology: Introduction
James W. LaMoreaux

Land and the Environment

Karst Terrane and Transportation Issues
Harry Moore, Barry Beck
Land Subsidence in Urban Environment
M. Adrián Ortega-Guerrero, José Joel Carrillo-Rivera

Water and the Environment

Fresh Water Geochemistry: Overview
Pedro José Depetris
Groundwater Impacts of Radioactive Wastes and Associated Environmental Modeling Assessment
Rui Ma, Chunmiao Zheng, Chongxuan Liu
Groundwater Salinity Due to Urban Growth
José Joel Carrillo-Rivera, Samira Ouysse
Mine Water Inrush
Qiang Wu, Shuning Dong, Bo Li, Wanfang Zhou
Mineral and Thermal Waters
Adam Porowski
Water in Loess
Peiyue Li, Hui Qian

Environmental Remediation and Sustainability

Desertification and Impact on Sustainability of Human Systems
David Mouat, Scott Thomas, Judith Lancaster
Geochemical Modeling in Environmental and Geological Studies
Chen Zhu
Geologic Carbon Sequestration: Sustainability and Environmental Risk
Curtis M. Oldenburg
Marine Life Associated with Offshore Drilling, Pipelines, and Platforms
Martin Hovland
Natural Resource Flows and Sustainability in Urban Areas
Stefan Anderberg
Remediation in Karst
Petar T. Milanović

Construction and the Environment

Construction Planning: Environmental Impact of Foundation Studies and Earthquake Issues
Asadullah Kazi, Bashir Memon
Dam Engineering and Its Environmental Aspects
Petar T. Milanović
Dredging Practices and Environmental Considerations
Craig Vogt, Greg Hartman
Mining and Its Environmental Impacts
Jörg Matschullat, Jens Gutzmer

Earthquakes and Volcanoes

Earthquake Faulting: Ground Motions and Deformations
Ömer Aydan
Induced Seismicity
Caitlin Barnes, Todd Halihan
Infrared Thermographic Imaging in Geoengineering and Geoscience
Ömer Aydan
Volcanoes of Mexico
Nick Varley
Environmental Geology
Dr. James W. LaMoreaux
Copyright Year
Springer US
Electronic ISBN
Print ISBN