Ergonomics is the science of interactions, systems’ wise and design oriented. In the past three decades there has been a continuous and systematic move of researchers and professionals to affirm and clarify why human factors are the fundamental elements of every system (Dul et al.
; Xie and Carayon
). This has pushed the International Ergonomics Association and national societies to systematically pair these terms in the definition of the discipline, as well as in the name of national societies. For the purpose of the contributions in this book, we use the term Ergonomics and Human Factors (EHF). Nowadays, it is widely accepted that humans, with their limitations and potentials, are the crucial factors for the success of a system and that their individual factors, physical-cognitive-emotional-social, have to be addressed and seriously considered in the design and management of technologies, organizations, and institutions (Thaler and Sunstein
; Vicente. 2015). In fact, even highly automated systems require human intervention for maintenance and especially to manage the unexpected or critical incidents (Weick and Sutcliffe