Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Hint

Swipe to navigate through the articles of this issue

Published in: Public Choice 1-2/2016

23-06-2016

Evaluation of an informal rule for the allocation of sports capital funding

Authors: John Considine, Justin Doran

Published in: Public Choice | Issue 1-2/2016

Login to get access
share
SHARE

Abstract

Significant empirical research has highlighted the existence of pork barrel politics. This is where public expenditure is targeted at particular regions based on the logic of collective action: political entrepreneurs maximize their chances of re-election by searching for and implementing programs or projects characterized by ‘concentrated benefits’ for key constituents and broadly dispersed costs. Using data on capital grants to Irish sports teams for 1998–2015, this paper analyzes the extent to which an informal rule can correct this bias. The case of allocating sports capital grants is particularly interesting since academic research, media commentary, and ministerial statements all seem to confirm the existence of political bias with such allocations in Ireland. Specifically, the geographical distribution of the grants are clearly linked to the Minister for Sport: that minister’s constituent county receives significantly higher per capita grant allocation than any other county. The grants were suspended in 2009 because of a fiscal crisis arising from the recession. When the grants were restored in 2012, a new informal rule for allocations was introduced. That informal rule was introduced to reduce the extent of pork barrel politics by ensuring that no county received less than 75 % or more than 150 % of the national average of the per capita grant allocations. The present study evaluated the effectiveness of that informal rule in reducing pork barrel politics in Irish sports capital grant allocations.

To get access to this content you need the following product:

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 69.000 Bücher
  • über 500 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Testen Sie jetzt 15 Tage kostenlos.

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 58.000 Bücher
  • über 300 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Versicherung + Risiko




Testen Sie jetzt 15 Tage kostenlos.

Appendix
Available only for authorised users
Footnotes
1
Note that hereafter we referrer to the individual with responsibility for allocating sports capital grants as the sports minister. The responsibility has fall under a number of different departments and to Ministers and Junior Ministers. Therefore, for consistency throughout the remainder of the text these Ministers will be collectively referred to as the sports minister.
 
2
The English translation of ‘Fianna Fail’ is ‘Soldiers of Destiny.’
 
3
Considine had previously published a number of pieces criticising the allocation of sports capital funding, notably Considine et al. (2004, 2008).
 
4
This was how it was termed by the sports minister at the time.
 
5
For the period around 2008, Martin Cullen was sports minister; he was elected by the people of Waterford. That county was fifth in per capita funding for 1998–2007; it was sixth in 2008.
 
6
The English translation of this is Deputy to the Dáil, where the Dáil refers to Dáil Éireann, the lower house of the Oireachtas (the Irish Parliament). It is the equivalent of terms such as Member of Parliament (MP) in the United Kingdom.
 
7
The opposition spokesperson made the response, ‘That was where the Minister was found out.’
 
Literature
go back to reference Clemens, A., Crespin, M., & Finocchiaro, C. (2015). Earmarks and subcommittee government in the U.S. Congress. American Politics Research, 46(6), 1074–1106. CrossRef Clemens, A., Crespin, M., & Finocchiaro, C. (2015). Earmarks and subcommittee government in the U.S. Congress. American Politics Research, 46(6), 1074–1106. CrossRef
go back to reference Coates, D. (2007). Stadiums and arenas: Economic development or economic redistribution? Contemporary Economic Policy, 25(4), 565–577. CrossRef Coates, D. (2007). Stadiums and arenas: Economic development or economic redistribution? Contemporary Economic Policy, 25(4), 565–577. CrossRef
go back to reference Coates, D., & Humphreys, B. R. (2003). Professional sports facilities, franchises and urban economic development. Public Finance and Management, 3(3), 335–357. Coates, D., & Humphreys, B. R. (2003). Professional sports facilities, franchises and urban economic development. Public Finance and Management, 3(3), 335–357.
go back to reference Considine, J., Coffey, S., & Kiely, D. (2004). Irish sports capital funding: A public choice perspective. European Sports Management Quarterly, 4(3), 150–169. CrossRef Considine, J., Coffey, S., & Kiely, D. (2004). Irish sports capital funding: A public choice perspective. European Sports Management Quarterly, 4(3), 150–169. CrossRef
go back to reference Considine, J., Crowley, F., Foley, S., & O’Connor, M. (2008). Irish national lottery sports capital grant allocations, 1999–2007: Natural experiments on political influence. Economic Affairs, 28(3), 38–44. CrossRef Considine, J., Crowley, F., Foley, S., & O’Connor, M. (2008). Irish national lottery sports capital grant allocations, 1999–2007: Natural experiments on political influence. Economic Affairs, 28(3), 38–44. CrossRef
go back to reference Hall, J., Ross, A., & Yencha, C. (2015). The political economy of the Essential Air Service program. Public Choice, 165, 147–165. CrossRef Hall, J., Ross, A., & Yencha, C. (2015). The political economy of the Essential Air Service program. Public Choice, 165, 147–165. CrossRef
go back to reference Keating, R. (1999). Sports pork: The costly relationship between major league sports and government. Policy Analysis, no. 339, Washington, DC: Cato Institute. Keating, R. (1999). Sports pork: The costly relationship between major league sports and government. Policy Analysis, no. 339, Washington, DC: Cato Institute.
go back to reference Leigh, A. (2008). Bringing home the bacon: An empirical analysis of the extent and effect of pork-barreling in Australian politics. Public Choice, 137(1–2), 279–299. CrossRef Leigh, A. (2008). Bringing home the bacon: An empirical analysis of the extent and effect of pork-barreling in Australian politics. Public Choice, 137(1–2), 279–299. CrossRef
go back to reference Long, J. G. (2005). Full count: The real cost of public funding for major league sports facilities. Journal of Sports Economics, 6(2), 119–143. CrossRef Long, J. G. (2005). Full count: The real cost of public funding for major league sports facilities. Journal of Sports Economics, 6(2), 119–143. CrossRef
go back to reference Noll, R. G., & Zimbalist, A. S. (Eds.). (1997). Sports, jobs, and taxes: The economic impact of sports teams and stadiums. Washington: Brookings Institution Press. Noll, R. G., & Zimbalist, A. S. (Eds.). (1997). Sports, jobs, and taxes: The economic impact of sports teams and stadiums. Washington: Brookings Institution Press.
go back to reference Siegfried, J., & Zimbalist, A. (2000). The economics of sports facilities and their communities. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 14(3), 95–114. CrossRef Siegfried, J., & Zimbalist, A. (2000). The economics of sports facilities and their communities. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 14(3), 95–114. CrossRef
go back to reference Suiter, J., & O’Malley, E. (2014a). Yes, Minister: The impact of decision-making rules on geographically targeted particularistic spending. Parliamentary Affairs, 67(4), 35–54. CrossRef Suiter, J., & O’Malley, E. (2014a). Yes, Minister: The impact of decision-making rules on geographically targeted particularistic spending. Parliamentary Affairs, 67(4), 35–54. CrossRef
go back to reference Suiter, J., & O’Malley, E. (2014b). Chieftains delivering: Testing different measures of “pork” on an Irish data set of discretionary sports grants. Journal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties, 24(1), 115–124. CrossRef Suiter, J., & O’Malley, E. (2014b). Chieftains delivering: Testing different measures of “pork” on an Irish data set of discretionary sports grants. Journal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties, 24(1), 115–124. CrossRef
go back to reference Young, A. T., & Sobel, R. S. (2013). Recovery and Reinvestment Act spending at the state level: Keynesian stimulus of distributive politics. Public Choice, 155, 449–468. CrossRef Young, A. T., & Sobel, R. S. (2013). Recovery and Reinvestment Act spending at the state level: Keynesian stimulus of distributive politics. Public Choice, 155, 449–468. CrossRef
Metadata
Title
Evaluation of an informal rule for the allocation of sports capital funding
Authors
John Considine
Justin Doran
Publication date
23-06-2016
Publisher
Springer US
Published in
Public Choice / Issue 1-2/2016
Print ISSN: 0048-5829
Electronic ISSN: 1573-7101
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11127-016-0348-1

Other articles of this Issue 1-2/2016

Public Choice 1-2/2016 Go to the issue

Premium Partner