Skip to main content
Top
Published in: Thermal Engineering 9/2023

01-09-2023 | RENEWABLE ENERGY, HYDROPOWER

Experience of the Development of Geothermal Energy on the Example of Iceland

Author: V. A. Butuzov

Published in: Thermal Engineering | Issue 9/2023

Log in

Activate our intelligent search to find suitable subject content or patents.

search-config
loading …

Abstract

Data on the geothermal resource base of Iceland are presented: 25 high-temperature (temperature over 200°C at the bottom) and 250 low-temperature (150°C) deposits. The similarity of the geological conditions and the main characteristics of thermal water intakes in Iceland and Kamchatka krai of Russia is noted. The analysis of the legal support of geothermal energy in Iceland, as well as the activities of the state institution Orkustofnun for licensing, research of geothermal deposits, and the creation of the world’s largest library of geothermal literature, was carried out. The process of implementation of the IDDP state program for drilling and testing wells at the foot of the Krafla volcano at supercritical parameters (SCP) of fluids is described. The main characteristics of eight geothermal power plants (GeoPP) with a total capacity of 753 MW with electricity generation in 2021 of 6208 GW h are given and thermal schemes and cycles are described. It is indicated that the most powerful GeoPP in Iceland is Hellisheiði (303 МW), the geothermal coolant of which is supplied to Reykjavik, located at a distance of 19.5 km from it. This station is equipped with an installed system for the utilization of carbon dioxide into carbonate underground rocks. Power units with binary cycles were built at two GeoPPs: Husavik (2 MW) in the Kalina cycle and Svartsergi (7 × 1.2 MW) with organic coolant. It is noted that Iceland has the world’s largest geothermal heat generation (2373 MW, 9340 GW h (2021)), with heating predominating (1650 MW; 6840 GW h (2021)). The most powerful heat-supply system in the country and in the world, in Reykjavik, is described: its capacity is 1150 MW and the length is 2230 km. Data are presented on the nonenergy use of geothermal water in fish farms, swimming pools, greenhouses, and carbon dioxide utilization plants. It is concluded that the experience of Iceland is especially significant for the development of geothermal energy in Russia.

Dont have a licence yet? Then find out more about our products and how to get one now:

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 102.000 Bücher
  • über 537 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Springer Professional "Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 67.000 Bücher
  • über 390 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe




 

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Literature
1.
go back to reference B. Steingrimson, S. Bjorhsson, and H. Adelsteinsson, “Master plan for geothermal and hydropower development in Iceland,” Presented at Short Course on Geothermal Development and Geothermal Wells, Santa Tecla, El Salvador, Mar. 11–17, 2012. B. Steingrimson, S. Bjorhsson, and H. Adelsteinsson, “Master plan for geothermal and hydropower development in Iceland,” Presented at Short Course on Geothermal Development and Geothermal Wells, Santa Tecla, El Salvador, Mar. 11–17, 2012.
2.
go back to reference B. Voight, A. Clifton, Á. Hjartarson, B. Steingrímsson, B. Brandsdóttir, C. Rodríguez, D. McGarvie, F. Sigmundsson, G. Ívarsson, G. Ó. Friðleifsson, G. Larsen, G. S. Jónsdóttir, H. Noll, I. McDougall, I. Kaldal, et al., “A half-century of geologic and geothermic investigations in Iceland: The legacy of Kristján Samundson,” J. Vulcanol. Geotherm. Res. 391, 106434 (2020). https://​doi.​org/​10.​1016/​j.​jvolgeores.​2018.​08.​012 CrossRef B. Voight, A. Clifton, Á. Hjartarson, B. Steingrímsson, B. Brandsdóttir, C. Rodríguez, D. McGarvie, F. Sigmundsson, G. Ívarsson, G. Ó. Friðleifsson, G. Larsen, G. S. Jónsdóttir, H. Noll, I. McDougall, I. Kaldal, et al., “A half-century of geologic and geothermic investigations in Iceland: The legacy of Kristján Samundson,” J. Vulcanol. Geotherm. Res. 391, 106434 (2020). https://​doi.​org/​10.​1016/​j.​jvolgeores.​2018.​08.​012 CrossRef
3.
go back to reference L. S. Georgsson, H. Johannesson, and T. Bjarnason, “Geothermal activity in Borgarfjordur, W-Iceland, and the exploration, development and utilization of the Varmaland/Laugaland geothermal field,” in Proc. World Geothermal Congr. 2010, Bali, Indonesia, Apr. 25–29, 2010 (International Geothermal Association, 2010). L. S. Georgsson, H. Johannesson, and T. Bjarnason, “Geothermal activity in Borgarfjordur, W-Iceland, and the exploration, development and utilization of the Varmaland/Laugaland geothermal field,” in Proc. World Geothermal Congr. 2010, Bali, Indonesia, Apr. 25–29, 2010 (International Geothermal Association, 2010).
4.
go back to reference A. R. Gaptner, “Volcano-sedimentary deposits in onshore rift zone of Iceland,” Tr. Geol. Inst. 586, 1–235 (2014). A. R. Gaptner, “Volcano-sedimentary deposits in onshore rift zone of Iceland,” Tr. Geol. Inst. 586, 1–235 (2014).
7.
go back to reference A. Ragnarisson, B. Steingrimsson, and S. Thorhallsson, “Geothermal development in Iceland 2015–2019,” in Proc. World Geothermal Congress 2020+1, Reykjavik, Iceland, Apr.–Oct., 2021 (International Geothermal Association, Reykjavik, 2021). A. Ragnarisson, B. Steingrimsson, and S. Thorhallsson, “Geothermal development in Iceland 2015–2019,” in Proc. World Geothermal Congress 2020+1, Reykjavik, Iceland, Apr.–Oct., 2021 (International Geothermal Association, Reykjavik, 2021).
8.
go back to reference P. Dobson, H. Asanuma, E. Huenges, F. Poletto, T. Reinsch, and B. Sanjuan, “Supercritical geothermal systems — A review of past studies and ongoing research activities,” in Proc. 41st Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering, Stanford, Calif., USA, Feb. 13–15, 2017 (Stanford Geothermal Program, Stanford, Calif., 2017), paper id. hal-01497951. P. Dobson, H. Asanuma, E. Huenges, F. Poletto, T. Reinsch, and B. Sanjuan, “Supercritical geothermal systems — A review of past studies and ongoing research activities,” in Proc. 41st Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering, Stanford, Calif., USA, Feb. 13–15, 2017 (Stanford Geothermal Program, Stanford, Calif., 2017), paper id. hal-01497951.
10.
go back to reference W. A. Elders and G. O. Friðleifsson, “The Iceland deep drilling project — Scientific opportunities,” in Proc. World Geothermal Congr. 2005, Antalya, Turkey, Apr. 24–29, 2005 (International Geothermal Association, Auckland, N.Z., 2005). W. A. Elders and G. O. Friðleifsson, “The Iceland deep drilling project — Scientific opportunities,” in Proc. World Geothermal Congr. 2005, Antalya, Turkey, Apr. 24–29, 2005 (International Geothermal Association, Auckland, N.Z., 2005).
11.
go back to reference V. Belousov, I. Belousova, and O. Khubaeva, “The project of deep well drilling in the Pauzhetsky geothermal area,” in Proc. World Geothermal Congr. 2020, Reykjavik, Iceland, Apr. 26 – May 2, 2020 (International Geothermal Association, Reykjavik, Iceland, 2005). V. Belousov, I. Belousova, and O. Khubaeva, “The project of deep well drilling in the Pauzhetsky geothermal area,” in Proc. World Geothermal Congr. 2020, Reykjavik, Iceland, Apr. 26 – May 2, 2020 (International Geothermal Association, Reykjavik, Iceland, 2005).
12.
go back to reference G. V. Tomarov, A. I. Nikol’skii, V. N. Semenov, and A. A. Shipkov, Geothermal Power Engineering (Intekhenergo-Izdat / Teploenergetik, Moscow, 2015) [in Russian]. G. V. Tomarov, A. I. Nikol’skii, V. N. Semenov, and A. A. Shipkov, Geothermal Power Engineering (Intekhenergo-Izdat / Teploenergetik, Moscow, 2015) [in Russian].
15.
go back to reference E. Gunnlaugsson, “Geothermal district heating in Reykjavik, Iceland,” in Proc. Int. Geothermal Days POLAN-D 2004 — Int. Course on Low Enthalpy Geothermal Resources — Exploitation and Development, Zakopane, Poland, Sept.13–17, 2004, pp. 162–169 (PAS Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute / International Summer School on Direct Application of Geothermal Energy, Kraków, 2004). E. Gunnlaugsson, “Geothermal district heating in Reykjavik, Iceland,” in Proc. Int. Geothermal Days POLAN-D 2004 — Int. Course on Low Enthalpy Geothermal Resources — Exploitation and Development, Zakopane, Poland, Sept.13–17, 2004, pp. 162–169 (PAS Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute / International Summer School on Direct Application of Geothermal Energy, Kraków, 2004).
17.
go back to reference A. Ragnarisson, B. Steingrimsson, and S. Thorhallsson, “Geothermal country update for Iceland,” in Proc. 7th African Rift Geothermal Conf., Kigali, Rwanda, Oct. 31 – Nov. 2, 2018. A. Ragnarisson, B. Steingrimsson, and S. Thorhallsson, “Geothermal country update for Iceland,” in Proc. 7th African Rift Geothermal Conf., Kigali, Rwanda, Oct. 31 – Nov. 2, 2018.
Metadata
Title
Experience of the Development of Geothermal Energy on the Example of Iceland
Author
V. A. Butuzov
Publication date
01-09-2023
Publisher
Pleiades Publishing
Published in
Thermal Engineering / Issue 9/2023
Print ISSN: 0040-6015
Electronic ISSN: 1555-6301
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1134/S004060152309001X

Other articles of this Issue 9/2023

Thermal Engineering 9/2023 Go to the issue

STEAM-TURBINE, GAS-TURBINE, COMBINED-CYCLE POWER PLANTS AND THEIR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT

The Effectiveness of Film Cooling with Injection of Pulsating Air Flow (Review)

STEAM-TURBINE, GAS-TURBINE, COMBINED-CYCLE POWER PLANTS AND THEIR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT

A New Method for Determining the Aerodynamic Forces Arising in Turbine Seals

STEAM-TURBINE, GAS-TURBINE, COMBINED-CYCLE POWER PLANTS AND THEIR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT

Efficiency of Multistage Filtration of Turbine Oil in the Oil-Supply System of Turbo Units

Premium Partner