Skip to main content
Top

2018 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

3. Fabrication Processes for Metal Matrix Composites

Authors : Antonio Contreras Cuevas, Egberto Bedolla Becerril, Melchor Salazar Martínez, José Lemus Ruiz

Published in: Metal Matrix Composites

Publisher: Springer International Publishing

Activate our intelligent search to find suitable subject content or patents.

search-config
loading …

Abstract

This chapter includes an extensive review of the different methods used for the manufacture of composites. In addition, this chapter describes the main fundamental aspects considered during the fabrication of composites which are related to the process used, such as wettability and interfacial reactions between matrix and reinforcement. Main factors involve for each fabrication process were analyzed. Classification of fabrication process according to the temperature of the metal matrix during the processing includes liquid-state processes, solid-state processes, and gas- or vapor-phase processes. Greater emphasis is placed in the first classification, focusing on the infiltration process. Key parameters in infiltration processes such as wettability, temperature, chemical composition of the molten metal, percentage of reinforcement, and pore size, among others, are analyzed. The infiltration processes can be squeeze casting or pressure casting, gas pressure infiltration, or pressureless infiltration. Solid-state processes include powder metallurgy and consolidation, mechanical alloying, diffusion or roll bonding, and high-rate consolidation. Gas- or vapor-phase processes include mainly two processes, spray deposition and vapor-phase deposition.

To get access to this content you need the following product:

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 102.000 Bücher
  • über 537 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Springer Professional "Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 67.000 Bücher
  • über 390 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe




 

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Literature
1.
go back to reference Suresh S, Mortensen A, Needleman A (eds) (1993) Fundamental of metal matrix composites. Butterworth-Heinemann, Boston Suresh S, Mortensen A, Needleman A (eds) (1993) Fundamental of metal matrix composites. Butterworth-Heinemann, Boston
2.
go back to reference Contreras A, Salazar M, León CA et al (2000) Kinetic study of the infiltration of aluminum alloys into TiC preforms. Mater Manuf Process 15(2):163–182CrossRef Contreras A, Salazar M, León CA et al (2000) Kinetic study of the infiltration of aluminum alloys into TiC preforms. Mater Manuf Process 15(2):163–182CrossRef
3.
go back to reference Contreras A, López VH, Bedolla E (2004) Mg/TiC composites manufactured by pressureless melt infiltration. Scr Mater 51(3):249–253CrossRef Contreras A, López VH, Bedolla E (2004) Mg/TiC composites manufactured by pressureless melt infiltration. Scr Mater 51(3):249–253CrossRef
4.
go back to reference León CA, Arroyo Y, Bedolla E et al (2006) Properties of AlN-based magnesium-matrix composites produced by pressureless infiltration. Mater Sci Forum 509:105–110CrossRef León CA, Arroyo Y, Bedolla E et al (2006) Properties of AlN-based magnesium-matrix composites produced by pressureless infiltration. Mater Sci Forum 509:105–110CrossRef
5.
go back to reference Bedolla E, Lemus-Ruiz J, Contreras A (2012) Synthesis and characterization of Mg-AZ91/AlN composites. Mater Des 38:91–98CrossRef Bedolla E, Lemus-Ruiz J, Contreras A (2012) Synthesis and characterization of Mg-AZ91/AlN composites. Mater Des 38:91–98CrossRef
6.
go back to reference Albiter A, León CA, Drew RAL et al (2000) Microstructure and heat-treatment response of Al-2024/TiC composites. Mater Sci Eng A 289:109–115CrossRef Albiter A, León CA, Drew RAL et al (2000) Microstructure and heat-treatment response of Al-2024/TiC composites. Mater Sci Eng A 289:109–115CrossRef
7.
go back to reference Reyes A, Bedolla E, Pérez R et al (2016) Effect of heat treatment on the mechanical and microstructural characterization of Mg-AZ91E/TiC composites. Compos Interfaces:1–17 Reyes A, Bedolla E, Pérez R et al (2016) Effect of heat treatment on the mechanical and microstructural characterization of Mg-AZ91E/TiC composites. Compos Interfaces:1–17
8.
go back to reference Aguilar EA, León CA, Contreras A et al (2002) Wettability and phase formation in TiC/Al-alloys assemblies. Compos Part A 33:1425–1428CrossRef Aguilar EA, León CA, Contreras A et al (2002) Wettability and phase formation in TiC/Al-alloys assemblies. Compos Part A 33:1425–1428CrossRef
9.
go back to reference Venkatesh TA, Dunand DC (2000) Reactive infiltration processing and secondary compressive creep of NiAl and NiAl-W composites. Metall Mater Trans A 31:781–792CrossRef Venkatesh TA, Dunand DC (2000) Reactive infiltration processing and secondary compressive creep of NiAl and NiAl-W composites. Metall Mater Trans A 31:781–792CrossRef
10.
go back to reference Hsu HC, Chou JY, Tuan WH (2016) Preparation of AlN/Cu composites through a reactive infiltration process. J Asian Ceramic Soc 4:201–204CrossRef Hsu HC, Chou JY, Tuan WH (2016) Preparation of AlN/Cu composites through a reactive infiltration process. J Asian Ceramic Soc 4:201–204CrossRef
11.
go back to reference Kainer KU (ed) (2006) Metal matrix composites custom-made materials for automotive and aerospace engineering. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim Kainer KU (ed) (2006) Metal matrix composites custom-made materials for automotive and aerospace engineering. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
12.
go back to reference ASM Handbook (2001) Composites, vol 2. ASM International, Ohio ASM Handbook (2001) Composites, vol 2. ASM International, Ohio
14.
go back to reference Nakanishi H, Tsunekawa Y, Mohri N et al (1993) Ultrasonic infiltration in alumina particle/molten aluminum system. J Jpn Inst Light Met 43(1):14–19CrossRef Nakanishi H, Tsunekawa Y, Mohri N et al (1993) Ultrasonic infiltration in alumina particle/molten aluminum system. J Jpn Inst Light Met 43(1):14–19CrossRef
15.
go back to reference Midson P, Kilbert RK, Le Beau SE et al (2004) Guidelines for producing magnesium thixomolded semi-solid components used in structural applications. In: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Semi-Solid Processing of Alloys and Composites, September 21–23, 2004, Limassol, Cyprus Midson P, Kilbert RK, Le Beau SE et al (2004) Guidelines for producing magnesium thixomolded semi-solid components used in structural applications. In: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Semi-Solid Processing of Alloys and Composites, September 21–23, 2004, Limassol, Cyprus
16.
go back to reference Montrieux HM, Mertens A, Halleux J et al (2011) Interfacial phenomena in carbon fiber reinforced magnesium alloys processed by squeeze casting and thixomolding. In: European Congress and Exhibition on Advanced Materials and Processes, 12–15 Sep. Montpellier, France, pp 1–25 Montrieux HM, Mertens A, Halleux J et al (2011) Interfacial phenomena in carbon fiber reinforced magnesium alloys processed by squeeze casting and thixomolding. In: European Congress and Exhibition on Advanced Materials and Processes, 12–15 Sep. Montpellier, France, pp 1–25
17.
go back to reference Decker RF, LeBeau SE (2008) Thixomolding. Adv Mater Process 2014:28–29 Decker RF, LeBeau SE (2008) Thixomolding. Adv Mater Process 2014:28–29
18.
go back to reference Si YG, You ZY, Zhu JX et al (2016) Microstructure and properties of mechanical alloying particles reinforced aluminum matrix composites prepared by semisolid stirring pouring method. China Foundry 13(3):176–181CrossRef Si YG, You ZY, Zhu JX et al (2016) Microstructure and properties of mechanical alloying particles reinforced aluminum matrix composites prepared by semisolid stirring pouring method. China Foundry 13(3):176–181CrossRef
19.
go back to reference Ma H, Lu Y, Lu H et al (2017) Fabrication of Ni/SiC composite powder by mechanical alloying and its effects on properties of copper matrix composites. Int J Mater Res 108(3):213–221CrossRef Ma H, Lu Y, Lu H et al (2017) Fabrication of Ni/SiC composite powder by mechanical alloying and its effects on properties of copper matrix composites. Int J Mater Res 108(3):213–221CrossRef
20.
go back to reference Campbell FC (2010) Structural composite materials. ASM International, Ohio Campbell FC (2010) Structural composite materials. ASM International, Ohio
22.
go back to reference Fogagnolo JB, Velasco F, Robert MH et al (2003) Effect of mechanical alloying on the morphology, microstructure and properties of aluminium matrix composite powders. Mater Sci Eng A 342(1–2):131–143CrossRef Fogagnolo JB, Velasco F, Robert MH et al (2003) Effect of mechanical alloying on the morphology, microstructure and properties of aluminium matrix composite powders. Mater Sci Eng A 342(1–2):131–143CrossRef
23.
go back to reference Testani C, Ferraro F, Deodati P et al (2011) Comparison between roll diffusion bonding and hot-isostatic pressing production processes of Ti6Al4V-SiCf metal matrix composites. Mater Sci Forum 678:145–154CrossRef Testani C, Ferraro F, Deodati P et al (2011) Comparison between roll diffusion bonding and hot-isostatic pressing production processes of Ti6Al4V-SiCf metal matrix composites. Mater Sci Forum 678:145–154CrossRef
24.
go back to reference Chaudhari GP, Acoff V (2009) Cold roll bonding of multi-layered bi-metal laminate composites. Compos Sci Technol 69(10):1667–1675CrossRef Chaudhari GP, Acoff V (2009) Cold roll bonding of multi-layered bi-metal laminate composites. Compos Sci Technol 69(10):1667–1675CrossRef
25.
go back to reference Luo JG, Acoff VL (2004) Using cold roll bonding and annealing to process Ti/Al multi-layered composites from elemental foils. Mater Sci Eng A379(1–2):164–172CrossRef Luo JG, Acoff VL (2004) Using cold roll bonding and annealing to process Ti/Al multi-layered composites from elemental foils. Mater Sci Eng A379(1–2):164–172CrossRef
26.
go back to reference Shabani A, Toroghinejad MR, Shafyei A (2012) Fabrication of Al/Ni/Cu composite by accumulative roll bonding and electroplating processes and investigation of its microstructure and mechanical properties. Mater Sci Eng A558:386–393CrossRef Shabani A, Toroghinejad MR, Shafyei A (2012) Fabrication of Al/Ni/Cu composite by accumulative roll bonding and electroplating processes and investigation of its microstructure and mechanical properties. Mater Sci Eng A558:386–393CrossRef
27.
go back to reference Hosseini M, Pardis N, Manesh HD et al (2017) Structural characteristics of Cu/Ti bimetal composite produced by accumulative roll-bonding (ARB). Mater Des 113:128–136CrossRef Hosseini M, Pardis N, Manesh HD et al (2017) Structural characteristics of Cu/Ti bimetal composite produced by accumulative roll-bonding (ARB). Mater Des 113:128–136CrossRef
28.
go back to reference Motevalli PD, Eghbali B (2015) Microstructure and mechanical properties of Tri-metal Al/Ti/Mg laminated composite processed by accumulative roll bonding. Mater Sci Eng A 628:135–142CrossRef Motevalli PD, Eghbali B (2015) Microstructure and mechanical properties of Tri-metal Al/Ti/Mg laminated composite processed by accumulative roll bonding. Mater Sci Eng A 628:135–142CrossRef
29.
go back to reference Muratoğlu M, Yilmaz O, Aksoy M (2016) Investigation on diffusion bonding characteristics of aluminum metal matrix composites (Al/SiCp) with pure aluminum for different heat treatments. J Mater Process Technol 178(1–3):211–217 Muratoğlu M, Yilmaz O, Aksoy M (2016) Investigation on diffusion bonding characteristics of aluminum metal matrix composites (Al/SiCp) with pure aluminum for different heat treatments. J Mater Process Technol 178(1–3):211–217
30.
go back to reference Lin H, Luo H, Huang W et al (2016) Diffusion bonding in fabrication of aluminum foam sandwich panels. J Mater Process Technol 230:35–41CrossRef Lin H, Luo H, Huang W et al (2016) Diffusion bonding in fabrication of aluminum foam sandwich panels. J Mater Process Technol 230:35–41CrossRef
31.
go back to reference Zhang XP, Ye L, Mai YW et al (1999) Investigation on diffusion bonding characteristics of SiC particulate reinforced aluminum metal matrix composites (Al/SiCp-MMC). Compos A Appl Sci Manuf 30(12):1415–1421CrossRef Zhang XP, Ye L, Mai YW et al (1999) Investigation on diffusion bonding characteristics of SiC particulate reinforced aluminum metal matrix composites (Al/SiCp-MMC). Compos A Appl Sci Manuf 30(12):1415–1421CrossRef
32.
go back to reference Raghunathan SK, Persad C, Bourell DL et al (1991) High-energy, high-rate consolidation of tungsten and tungsten-based composite powders. Mater Sci Eng A 131(2):243–253CrossRef Raghunathan SK, Persad C, Bourell DL et al (1991) High-energy, high-rate consolidation of tungsten and tungsten-based composite powders. Mater Sci Eng A 131(2):243–253CrossRef
33.
go back to reference Srivatsan TS, Lewandowski J (2006) Metal matrix composites: types, reinforcement, processing, properties, and applications. In: Soboyejo WO, Srivatsan TS (eds) Advanced structural materials; properties, design optimization, and applications. CRC Press/Taylor & Francis Group LLC, Boca Raton, pp 275–357CrossRef Srivatsan TS, Lewandowski J (2006) Metal matrix composites: types, reinforcement, processing, properties, and applications. In: Soboyejo WO, Srivatsan TS (eds) Advanced structural materials; properties, design optimization, and applications. CRC Press/Taylor & Francis Group LLC, Boca Raton, pp 275–357CrossRef
34.
go back to reference Asthana R, Kumar A, Dahotre NB (eds) (2005) Materials processing and manufacturing science. Elsevier Science & Technology Books, London Asthana R, Kumar A, Dahotre NB (eds) (2005) Materials processing and manufacturing science. Elsevier Science & Technology Books, London
36.
go back to reference Liu HW, Zhang L, Wang JJ, Du XK (2008) Feasibility analysis of self-reactive spray forming TiC-TiB2-based composite ceramic preforms. Key Eng Mater 368–372:1126–1129CrossRef Liu HW, Zhang L, Wang JJ, Du XK (2008) Feasibility analysis of self-reactive spray forming TiC-TiB2-based composite ceramic preforms. Key Eng Mater 368–372:1126–1129CrossRef
37.
go back to reference Liu HW, Wang JJ, Sun XF et al (2013) Influence of cooling rate on microstructure of self-reactive spray formed Ti(C,N)-TiB2 composite ceramic preforms. Adv Mater Res 631–632:348–353CrossRef Liu HW, Wang JJ, Sun XF et al (2013) Influence of cooling rate on microstructure of self-reactive spray formed Ti(C,N)-TiB2 composite ceramic preforms. Adv Mater Res 631–632:348–353CrossRef
38.
go back to reference Department of Defense Handbook (2002) Composite materials handbook, Vol. 4 Metal matrix composite MIL-HDBK-17-4A Department of Defense Handbook (2002) Composite materials handbook, Vol. 4 Metal matrix composite MIL-HDBK-17-4A
39.
go back to reference Zheng X, Huang M, Ding C (2000) Bond strength of plasma-sprayed hydroxyapatite/Ti composite coatings. Biomaterials 21(8):841–849CrossRef Zheng X, Huang M, Ding C (2000) Bond strength of plasma-sprayed hydroxyapatite/Ti composite coatings. Biomaterials 21(8):841–849CrossRef
40.
go back to reference Yip CS, Khor KA, Loh NL et al (1997) Thermal spraying of Ti-6Al-4V/hydroxyapatite composites coatings: powder processing and post-spray treatment. J Mater Process Technol 65(1–3):73–79CrossRef Yip CS, Khor KA, Loh NL et al (1997) Thermal spraying of Ti-6Al-4V/hydroxyapatite composites coatings: powder processing and post-spray treatment. J Mater Process Technol 65(1–3):73–79CrossRef
41.
go back to reference Shi G, Wang Z, Liang J et al (2011) NiCoCrAl/YSZ laminate composites fabricated by EB-PVD. Mater Sci Eng A 529:113–118CrossRef Shi G, Wang Z, Liang J et al (2011) NiCoCrAl/YSZ laminate composites fabricated by EB-PVD. Mater Sci Eng A 529:113–118CrossRef
42.
go back to reference Li Y, Zhao J, Zeng G (2004) Ni/Ni3Al microlaminate composite produced by EB-PVD and the mechanical properties. Mater Lett 58(10):1629–1633CrossRef Li Y, Zhao J, Zeng G (2004) Ni/Ni3Al microlaminate composite produced by EB-PVD and the mechanical properties. Mater Lett 58(10):1629–1633CrossRef
43.
go back to reference Guo H, Xu H, Bi X, Gong S (2002) Preparation of Al2O3–YSZ composite coating by EB-PVD. Mater Sci Eng A 325(1–2):389–393CrossRef Guo H, Xu H, Bi X, Gong S (2002) Preparation of Al2O3–YSZ composite coating by EB-PVD. Mater Sci Eng A 325(1–2):389–393CrossRef
44.
go back to reference Brust S, Röttger A, Theisen W (2016) CVD coating of oxide particles for the production of novel particle-reinforced iron-based metal matrix composites. Open J Appl Sci 6:260–269CrossRef Brust S, Röttger A, Theisen W (2016) CVD coating of oxide particles for the production of novel particle-reinforced iron-based metal matrix composites. Open J Appl Sci 6:260–269CrossRef
45.
46.
go back to reference Patel RB, Liu J, Scicolone JV et al (2013) Formation of stainless steel carbon nanotube composites using a scalable chemical vapor infiltration process. J Mater Sci 48(3):1387–1395CrossRef Patel RB, Liu J, Scicolone JV et al (2013) Formation of stainless steel carbon nanotube composites using a scalable chemical vapor infiltration process. J Mater Sci 48(3):1387–1395CrossRef
48.
go back to reference Hu L, Hu W, Gottstein G et al (2012) Investigation into microstructure and mechanical properties of NiAl-Mo composites produced by directional solidification. Mater Sci Eng A 539:211–222CrossRef Hu L, Hu W, Gottstein G et al (2012) Investigation into microstructure and mechanical properties of NiAl-Mo composites produced by directional solidification. Mater Sci Eng A 539:211–222CrossRef
49.
go back to reference Gunjishima I, Akashi T, Goto T (2002) Characterization of directionally solidified B4C-TiB2 composites prepared by a floating zone method. Mater Trans 43(4):712–720CrossRef Gunjishima I, Akashi T, Goto T (2002) Characterization of directionally solidified B4C-TiB2 composites prepared by a floating zone method. Mater Trans 43(4):712–720CrossRef
50.
go back to reference Zhang H, Springer H, Aparício-Fernandez R et al (2016) Improving the mechanical properties of Fe-TiB2 high modulus steels through controlled solidification processes. Acta Mater 118:187–195CrossRef Zhang H, Springer H, Aparício-Fernandez R et al (2016) Improving the mechanical properties of Fe-TiB2 high modulus steels through controlled solidification processes. Acta Mater 118:187–195CrossRef
51.
go back to reference Zhang H, Zhu H, Huang J et al (2018) In-situ TiB2-NiAl composites synthesized by arc melting: chemical reaction, microstructure and mechanical strength. Mater Sci Eng A 719:140–146CrossRef Zhang H, Zhu H, Huang J et al (2018) In-situ TiB2-NiAl composites synthesized by arc melting: chemical reaction, microstructure and mechanical strength. Mater Sci Eng A 719:140–146CrossRef
52.
go back to reference Yin L, Xiaonan F, Mingxu Z et al (2005) Chemical reaction of in-situ processing of NiAl/Al2O3 composite by using thermite reaction. J Wuhan Univ Technol Mater Sci 20(4):90–92CrossRef Yin L, Xiaonan F, Mingxu Z et al (2005) Chemical reaction of in-situ processing of NiAl/Al2O3 composite by using thermite reaction. J Wuhan Univ Technol Mater Sci 20(4):90–92CrossRef
53.
go back to reference Sui B, Zeng JM, Chen P et al (2014) Fabrication of Al2O3 particle reinforced aluminum matrix composite by in situ chemical reaction. Adv Mater Res 915–916:788–791CrossRef Sui B, Zeng JM, Chen P et al (2014) Fabrication of Al2O3 particle reinforced aluminum matrix composite by in situ chemical reaction. Adv Mater Res 915–916:788–791CrossRef
54.
go back to reference Peng HX, Fan Z, Wang DZ et al (2000) In situ Al3Ti–Al2O3 intermetallic matrix composite: synthesis, microstructure, and compressive behavior. J Mater Res 15(9):1943–1949CrossRef Peng HX, Fan Z, Wang DZ et al (2000) In situ Al3Ti–Al2O3 intermetallic matrix composite: synthesis, microstructure, and compressive behavior. J Mater Res 15(9):1943–1949CrossRef
55.
go back to reference Singla A, Garg R, Saxena M (2015) Microstructure and wear behavior of Al-Al2O3 in situ composites fabricated by the reaction of V2O5 particles in pure aluminum. Green Process Synth 4(6):487–497 Singla A, Garg R, Saxena M (2015) Microstructure and wear behavior of Al-Al2O3 in situ composites fabricated by the reaction of V2O5 particles in pure aluminum. Green Process Synth 4(6):487–497
56.
go back to reference Lepakova OK, Raskolenko LG, Maksimov YM (2004) Self-propagating high-temperature synthesis of composite material TiB2-Fe. J Mater Sci 39(11):3723–3732CrossRef Lepakova OK, Raskolenko LG, Maksimov YM (2004) Self-propagating high-temperature synthesis of composite material TiB2-Fe. J Mater Sci 39(11):3723–3732CrossRef
57.
go back to reference Jin S, Shen P, Zhou D et al (2016) Self-propagating high-temperature synthesis of nano-TiC particles with different shapes by using carbon nano-tube as C source. Nanoscale Res Lett 6(515):1–7 Jin S, Shen P, Zhou D et al (2016) Self-propagating high-temperature synthesis of nano-TiC particles with different shapes by using carbon nano-tube as C source. Nanoscale Res Lett 6(515):1–7
58.
go back to reference Chaubey AK, Prashanth KG, Ray N et al (2015) Study on in-situ synthesis of Al-TiC composite by self-propagating high temperature synthesis process. Mater Sci Indian J 12(12):454–461 Chaubey AK, Prashanth KG, Ray N et al (2015) Study on in-situ synthesis of Al-TiC composite by self-propagating high temperature synthesis process. Mater Sci Indian J 12(12):454–461
59.
go back to reference Kobashi M, Ichioka D, Kanetake N (2010) Combustion synthesis of porous TiC/Ti composite by a self-propagating mode. Materials 3:3939–3947CrossRef Kobashi M, Ichioka D, Kanetake N (2010) Combustion synthesis of porous TiC/Ti composite by a self-propagating mode. Materials 3:3939–3947CrossRef
60.
go back to reference Pramono A, Kommel L, Kollo L et al (2016) The aluminum based composite produced by self-propagating high temperature synthesis. Mater Sci 22(1):41–43 Pramono A, Kommel L, Kollo L et al (2016) The aluminum based composite produced by self-propagating high temperature synthesis. Mater Sci 22(1):41–43
Metadata
Title
Fabrication Processes for Metal Matrix Composites
Authors
Antonio Contreras Cuevas
Egberto Bedolla Becerril
Melchor Salazar Martínez
José Lemus Ruiz
Copyright Year
2018
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-91854-9_3

Premium Partners