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Published in: Journal of Coatings Technology and Research 3/2020

03-01-2020

Facile fabrication of the durable micro/nano-superhydrophilic/superoleophobic surface through one-step spraying for efficient oil–water separation

Authors: Mengfan Luo, Yan Liu, Yanzong Zhang, Lilin Wang, Fei Shen, Gang Yang, Xiaohong Zhang, Ling Luo, Yan He, Shihuai Deng

Published in: Journal of Coatings Technology and Research | Issue 3/2020

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Abstract

At present, frequent oily wastewater pollution has become one of the most concerning environmental issues. Typically, such a global challenge calls for the development of efficient and durable separation materials for oil spill cleanups. Inspired by hydrogels, the physical crosslinking of PVP with chitosan was utilized in this work to enhance the surface properties; in addition, a facile approach was described to prepare the superhydrophilic/superoleophobic surface for oil–water separation on various substrates through one-step spraying. The surface morphology, elementary composition, and wettability were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (XEDS), and contact angle measurement, respectively. The results suggested that the coating exhibited both superhydrophilicity and superoleophobicity on the stainless steel mesh (SSM), glass, and copper mesh. Particularly, the contact angle (CA) of edible oil on SSM reached up to 156°. The as-prepared coating also possessed excellent mechanical and chemical durability. Furthermore, the separating efficiencies of three kinds of oil–water mixtures, including diesel oil, edible oil, and lubricating oil, were higher than 98%, 97%, and 94%, respectively, at various oil–water ratios. Of note, the separation efficiency remained 96% after 15 separation cycles, indicating that the surface might serve as a promising repeatable material for oily wastewater.

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Appendix
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Metadata
Title
Facile fabrication of the durable micro/nano-superhydrophilic/superoleophobic surface through one-step spraying for efficient oil–water separation
Authors
Mengfan Luo
Yan Liu
Yanzong Zhang
Lilin Wang
Fei Shen
Gang Yang
Xiaohong Zhang
Ling Luo
Yan He
Shihuai Deng
Publication date
03-01-2020
Publisher
Springer US
Published in
Journal of Coatings Technology and Research / Issue 3/2020
Print ISSN: 1547-0091
Electronic ISSN: 1935-3804
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11998-019-00299-y