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2021 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

Fast-Growing Developing Countries: Dilemma and Way Forward in a Carbon-Constrained World

Authors: Joyashree Roy, Nandini Das, Shreya Some, Hasan Mahmud

Published in: Sustainable Development Insights from India

Publisher: Springer Singapore

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Abstract

Many developing countries including Bangladesh and India will need fast growth through the next two decades in gross domestic product (GDP) to meet basic aspirations for decent living standards for their people. This will mean increased need for energy resources. However, global carbon emission limits put additional constraints on these fast-growing countries of this century adversely compared to their predecessors as latter had more unrestricted options to use fossil fuel. However, India’s energy-efficient economic growth path in industry sector, penetration of renewables in energy mix and alternative innovative agricultural practices in addition to dietary choice with low meat consumption are helping the country to maintain low per capita emissions. Bangladesh with unique positive social development is well positioned now to build energy infrastructure for faster economic growth. Power supply capacity that will grow by a factor of 3 now can leapfrog moving beyond gas to new cleaner fuels such as hydrogen and geothermal using its gas drilling and distribution infrastructure besides adding solar energy. The country has almost full untapped potential of energy efficiency improvements in energy demand sectors. International cooperation is necessary for such transitions and which can happen within Paris agreement and SDG framework.
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Metadata
Title
Fast-Growing Developing Countries: Dilemma and Way Forward in a Carbon-Constrained World
Authors
Joyashree Roy
Nandini Das
Shreya Some
Hasan Mahmud
Copyright Year
2021
Publisher
Springer Singapore
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-33-4830-1_2

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