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2021 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

40. Feasibility Study for Electric Vehicle Utilization as Grid Supporting in Indonesian Power System

Authors : Muhammad Huda, Koji Tokimatsu, Arif Darmawan, Muhammad Aziz

Published in: EcoDesign and Sustainability II

Publisher: Springer Singapore

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Abstract

The improvement of electric vehicles (EVs) selling growth in the last decades also shows the global attention to the climate change. The governments have issued policies and regulation in order to increase the adoption of EVs, such as tax reduction, enlarge charging infrastructure area and facilitate the EV industry to research and development. However, the high penetration of EVs potentially causes stress to the power grid. It can happen in case that the supply cannot cover the unpredictable demand from EVs charging. It is very important to improve the grid capability for balancing its grid conditions due to increasing fluctuating supply and load, such as wind and solar energy. In addition, massive charging of EVs potentially worsen this condition due to significant fluctuation and large gap in the load profile between peak and off-peak periods. The participating opportunities in grid ancillary services have encouraged the idea to use the battery of EVs as a highly responsive power storage in the power system. The techno-economy of vehicle-to-grid (V2G) in Indonesia, especially in Java-Bali grid, is studied in this paper with several the feed-in-tariff schemes. The results show that the peak supply can reduce up to 2.81% (coal replacement) and 8.94% (gas replacement) from driving patterns model. However, V2G potentially increases the generation cost during peak period to 26.5% per month to power company.

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Metadata
Title
Feasibility Study for Electric Vehicle Utilization as Grid Supporting in Indonesian Power System
Authors
Muhammad Huda
Koji Tokimatsu
Arif Darmawan
Muhammad Aziz
Copyright Year
2021
Publisher
Springer Singapore
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-6775-9_40