Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Hint

Swipe to navigate through the chapters of this book

2022 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

4. Female Labor Workforce and Precarity in India’s Construction Sector

share
SHARE

Excerpt

Human Security (HS), a paradigm which came out of the United Nations Development Program in 1994, was ground-breaking in the realm of International Relations. In essence, the HS paradigm is meant to shift focus from state security to individual security. Since then, critical and feminist HS scholars have levied criticisms against HS, including that it has not attended to local contexts enough and that it has been too western and liberal in its approach to analyzing and enhancing people’s security. My research takes those critiques seriously. Despite their vast numbers and work-related challenges, very little is known about how Indian women construction workers experience and conceptualize Human Security—either before or during the COVID-19 crisis. Hence, my research fills a gap in HS scholarship. Utilizing a feminist grounded approach, I have sought to understand HS from the perspective of the laborers. What I found on the ground led me to see that the theoretical approaches of precarity and informality together shed light on the HS of Indian women construction workers—particularly during this tumultuous time of COVID-19. …
Literature
go back to reference Ackerly, Brooke A., Maria Stern, and Jacqui True, eds. Feminist Methodologies for International Relations. Cambridge University Press, 2006. Ackerly, Brooke A., Maria Stern, and Jacqui True, eds. Feminist Methodologies for International Relations. Cambridge University Press, 2006.
go back to reference Barnabas, Annette, D. Joseph Anbarasu, and Paul S. Clifford. “A Study on the Empowerment of Women Construction Workers as Masons in Tamil Nadu, India.” Journal of International Women's Studies 11, no. 2 (2009): 121–141. Barnabas, Annette, D. Joseph Anbarasu, and Paul S. Clifford. “A Study on the Empowerment of Women Construction Workers as Masons in Tamil Nadu, India.” Journal of International Women's Studies 11, no. 2 (2009): 121–141.
go back to reference Bhattacharyya, Sanghita K, and Kim Korinek. “Opportunities and Vulnerabilities of Female Migrants in Construction Work in India.” Asian and Pacific Migration Journal 16, no. 4 (2007): 511–531. Bhattacharyya, Sanghita K, and Kim Korinek. “Opportunities and Vulnerabilities of Female Migrants in Construction Work in India.” Asian and Pacific Migration Journal 16, no. 4 (2007): 511–531.
go back to reference Bhowmik, Sharit Kumar. “Tribal Labour in the Tea Plantations of West Bengal: Problems of Migration and Settlement.” First Citizens: Studies on Adivasis, Tribals and Indigenous Peoples in India (2016): 207–227. Bhowmik, Sharit Kumar. “Tribal Labour in the Tea Plantations of West Bengal: Problems of Migration and Settlement.” First Citizens: Studies on Adivasis, Tribals and Indigenous Peoples in India (2016): 207–227.
go back to reference Breman, Jan. “A Bogus Concept? [Review of: G. Standing (2011) The Precariat: The New Dangerous Class].” New Left Review 84 (2013): 130–138. Breman, Jan. “A Bogus Concept? [Review of: G. Standing (2011) The Precariat: The New Dangerous Class].” New Left Review 84 (2013): 130–138.
go back to reference Breman, Jan. “At Work in the Informal Economy of India: A Perspective from the Bottom Up (OIP)”, OUP Catalogue, 2016. Breman, Jan. “At Work in the Informal Economy of India: A Perspective from the Bottom Up (OIP)”, OUP Catalogue, 2016.
go back to reference Breman, Jan, Isabelle Guérin, and Aseem Prakash. India's Unfree Workforce of Bondage Old and New, 2009. Breman, Jan, Isabelle Guérin, and Aseem Prakash. India's Unfree Workforce of Bondage Old and New, 2009.
go back to reference Campbell, Iain, and Robin Price. “Precarious Work and Precarious Workers: Towards an Improved Conceptualisation.” The Economic and Labour Relations Review 27, no. 3 (2016): 314–332. CrossRef Campbell, Iain, and Robin Price. “Precarious Work and Precarious Workers: Towards an Improved Conceptualisation.” The Economic and Labour Relations Review 27, no. 3 (2016): 314–332. CrossRef
go back to reference Charmes, Jacques. “The Informal Economy Worldwide: Trends and Characteristics.” Margin: The Journal of Applied Economic Research 6, no. 2 (2012): 103–132. Charmes, Jacques. “The Informal Economy Worldwide: Trends and Characteristics.” Margin: The Journal of Applied Economic Research 6, no. 2 (2012): 103–132.
go back to reference Chen, Martha Alter, and Govindan Raveendran. “Urban Employment in India: Recent Trends and Patterns.” Margin: The Journal of Applied Economic Research 6, no. 2 (2012): 159–179. Chen, Martha Alter, and Govindan Raveendran. “Urban Employment in India: Recent Trends and Patterns.” Margin: The Journal of Applied Economic Research 6, no. 2 (2012): 159–179.
go back to reference Hart, Keith. “Informal Income Opportunities and Urban Employment in Ghana.” The journal of Modern African studies 11, no. 1 (1973): 61–89. CrossRef Hart, Keith. “Informal Income Opportunities and Urban Employment in Ghana.” The journal of Modern African studies 11, no. 1 (1973): 61–89. CrossRef
go back to reference Kalleberg, Arne L., and Steven P. Vallas. “Probing Precarious Work: Theory, Research, and Politics.” Research in the Sociology of Work 31, no. 1 (2018): 1–30. Kalleberg, Arne L., and Steven P. Vallas. “Probing Precarious Work: Theory, Research, and Politics.” Research in the Sociology of Work 31, no. 1 (2018): 1–30.
go back to reference Lazar, Sian, and Andrew Sanchez. “Understanding Labour Politics in an Age of Precarity.” Dialectical Anthropology 43, no. 1 (2019): 3–14. CrossRef Lazar, Sian, and Andrew Sanchez. “Understanding Labour Politics in an Age of Precarity.” Dialectical Anthropology 43, no. 1 (2019): 3–14. CrossRef
go back to reference Lewchuk, Wayne. “Precarious Jobs: Where Are They, and How Do They Affect Well-being?” The Economic and Labour Relations Review 28, no. 3 (2017): 402–419. CrossRef Lewchuk, Wayne. “Precarious Jobs: Where Are They, and How Do They Affect Well-being?” The Economic and Labour Relations Review 28, no. 3 (2017): 402–419. CrossRef
go back to reference Millar, Kathleen M. “Toward a Critical Politics of Precarity.” Sociology Compass 11, no. 6 (2017): e12483. Millar, Kathleen M. “Toward a Critical Politics of Precarity.” Sociology Compass 11, no. 6 (2017): e12483.
go back to reference Morris, Jeremy, and Abel Polese, eds. Informal Economies in Post-Socialist Spaces: Practices, Institutions and Networks. Springer, 2015. Morris, Jeremy, and Abel Polese, eds. Informal Economies in Post-Socialist Spaces: Practices, Institutions and Networks. Springer, 2015.
go back to reference Mosoetsa, Sarah, Joel Stillerman, and Chris Tilly. “Precarious Labor, South and North: An introduction.” International Labor and Working Class History 89 (2016): 5. CrossRef Mosoetsa, Sarah, Joel Stillerman, and Chris Tilly. “Precarious Labor, South and North: An introduction.” International Labor and Working Class History 89 (2016): 5. CrossRef
go back to reference Munck, Ronaldo. “The Precariat: A View from the South.” Third World Quarterly 34, no. 5 (2013): 747–762. CrossRef Munck, Ronaldo. “The Precariat: A View from the South.” Third World Quarterly 34, no. 5 (2013): 747–762. CrossRef
go back to reference O'brien, Robert, and Marc Williams. Global Political Economy: Evolution and Dynamics. Macmillan, 2013. O'brien, Robert, and Marc Williams. Global Political Economy: Evolution and Dynamics. Macmillan, 2013.
go back to reference Pandit, Niraj, Ashish Trivedi, and Das Bidisha. “A Study of Maternal and Child Health Issues Among Migratory Construction Workers.” Planning 46, no. 56 (2011): 66. Pandit, Niraj, Ashish Trivedi, and Das Bidisha. “A Study of Maternal and Child Health Issues Among Migratory Construction Workers.” Planning 46, no. 56 (2011): 66.
go back to reference Rai, Anu, and Ashish Sarkar. “Workplace Culture & Status of Women Construction Labourers; A case study in Kolkata, West Bengal.” Indian Journal of Spatial Science 3, no. 2 (2012): 44–54. Rai, Anu, and Ashish Sarkar. “Workplace Culture & Status of Women Construction Labourers; A case study in Kolkata, West Bengal.” Indian Journal of Spatial Science 3, no. 2 (2012): 44–54.
go back to reference Rich, Adrienne. “Notes Towards a Politics of Location.” Feminist Postcolonial Theory: A Reader (2003): 29–42. Rich, Adrienne. “Notes Towards a Politics of Location.” Feminist Postcolonial Theory: A Reader (2003): 29–42.
go back to reference Roy, Shamindra Nath, and Manish Mukta Naik. “Migrants in Construction Work: Evaluating their Welfare Framework.” Centre for Policy Research Policy Brief (2017): 1–16. Roy, Shamindra Nath, and Manish Mukta Naik. “Migrants in Construction Work: Evaluating their Welfare Framework.” Centre for Policy Research Policy Brief (2017): 1–16.
go back to reference Shah, Alpa. “The Labour of Love: Seasonal Migration from Jharkhand to the Brick Kilns of Other States in India.” Contributions to Indian Sociology 40, no. 1 (2006): 91–118. CrossRef Shah, Alpa. “The Labour of Love: Seasonal Migration from Jharkhand to the Brick Kilns of Other States in India.” Contributions to Indian Sociology 40, no. 1 (2006): 91–118. CrossRef
go back to reference Shah, Svati P. Street Corner Secrets: Sex, Work, and Migration in the City of Mumbai. Duke University Press, 2014. Shah, Svati P. Street Corner Secrets: Sex, Work, and Migration in the City of Mumbai. Duke University Press, 2014.
go back to reference Siegmann, Karin Astrid, and Freek Schiphorst. “Understanding the Globalizing Precariat: From Informal Sector to Precarious Work.” Progress in Development Studies 16, no. 2 (2016): 111–123. Siegmann, Karin Astrid, and Freek Schiphorst. “Understanding the Globalizing Precariat: From Informal Sector to Precarious Work.” Progress in Development Studies 16, no. 2 (2016): 111–123.
go back to reference Srivastava, R., and Ajit Jha. “Capital and Labour Standards in the Organised Construction Industry in India.” London: CDPR, SOAS. Accessed December 16 (2016): 2016. Srivastava, R., and Ajit Jha. “Capital and Labour Standards in the Organised Construction Industry in India.” London: CDPR, SOAS. Accessed December 16 (2016): 2016.
go back to reference Wells, Jill. “Informality in the Construction Sector in Developing Countries.” Construction Management and Economics 25, no. 1 (2007): 87–93. CrossRef Wells, Jill. “Informality in the Construction Sector in Developing Countries.” Construction Management and Economics 25, no. 1 (2007): 87–93. CrossRef
go back to reference Wells, Jill. “Informal Construction Activity in Developing Countries.” In New Perspectives on Construction in Developing Countries, pp. 186–202. Routledge, 2012. Wells, Jill. “Informal Construction Activity in Developing Countries.” In New Perspectives on Construction in Developing Countries, pp. 186–202. Routledge, 2012.
go back to reference Whitehead, Judy. “Flexible Labor/Flexible Housing: The Rescaling of Mumbai into a Global Financial Center and the Fate of Its Working Class.” Blood and Fire: Toward a Global Anthropology of Labor, ed. Sharryn Kasmir, and August Carbonella (2014): 123–167. Whitehead, Judy. “Flexible Labor/Flexible Housing: The Rescaling of Mumbai into a Global Financial Center and the Fate of Its Working Class.” Blood and Fire: Toward a Global Anthropology of Labor, ed. Sharryn Kasmir, and August Carbonella (2014): 123–167.
go back to reference Yadav, Smita. Precarious Labour and Informal Economy: Work, Anarchy, and Society in an Indian Village. Springer, 2018. Yadav, Smita. Precarious Labour and Informal Economy: Work, Anarchy, and Society in an Indian Village. Springer, 2018.
go back to reference Yadav, Smita. “Precarity as a Coping Strategy of the Gonds: A Study of Insecure and Long-Distance Seasonal Migration in Central India.” Indian Journal of Human Development 14, no. 1 (2020): 7–22. CrossRef Yadav, Smita. “Precarity as a Coping Strategy of the Gonds: A Study of Insecure and Long-Distance Seasonal Migration in Central India.” Indian Journal of Human Development 14, no. 1 (2020): 7–22. CrossRef
go back to reference YUVA. “Access to Entitlements and Relief: Among the Urban Poor in the Mumbai Metropolitan Region During COVID-19” (interim report), June 2020. YUVA. “Access to Entitlements and Relief: Among the Urban Poor in the Mumbai Metropolitan Region During COVID-19” (interim report), June 2020.
Metadata
Title
Female Labor Workforce and Precarity in India’s Construction Sector
Author
Chantal Krcmar
Copyright Year
2022
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-93228-2_4

Premium Partner