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2019 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

18. Financing Solar Photovoltaic Transitions

From Utility to Residential Market Adoption in Emerging Economies

Authors : Ranaporn Tantiwechwuttikul, Masaru Yarime

Published in: Handbook of Green Finance

Publisher: Springer Singapore

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Abstract

Solar photovoltaic (PV) technological leapfrogging greatly enhances energy accessibility, yet energy affordability remains a critical challenge. Traditional financing options, categorized as the solar-as-asset model, usually favor utility-scale PV projects, whereas the investment growth in smaller-scale PV systems is far behind, particularly in emerging economies. To further untapped PV potential, we need to promote technological adoption in non-utility markets. That requires alternative financing approaches, such as the solar-as-service model. This chapter examines the advantages and disadvantages of different financial schemes for introducing PV facilities in terms of the suitability of funding vehicles and investment mechanisms. Given the government curtailment on subsidies, owing to the gradual PV competitiveness, our analysis particularly focuses on the emerging market for PV installations for self-consumption. As the main obstacle is the high up-front cost of PV systems, we examine the new financial models in which customers buy the service rather than a PV system per se. We consider what conditions would be necessary to facilitate the third-party ownership models and alternative financing schemes. Finally, this chapter discusses what policy measures and instruments can be deployed to foster further PV adoption in the context of emerging economies. This study also provides implications for corporate strategy and financial institutions.

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Metadata
Title
Financing Solar Photovoltaic Transitions
Authors
Ranaporn Tantiwechwuttikul
Masaru Yarime
Copyright Year
2019
Publisher
Springer Singapore
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-0227-5_31

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