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2024 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

19. Fire and Explosion Safety of Alternative Fuel Vehicles

Authors : Haukur Ingason, Ying Zhen Li, Anders Lönnermark

Published in: Tunnel Fire Dynamics

Publisher: Springer International Publishing

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Abstract

This chapter gives a summary of various types of alternative fuel vehicles and some incidents reported in the literature. It also summarizes different fire scenarios, including jet fires, spilled fires, battery vehicle fires and fireballs. Many of these issues have also been discussed in previous chapters. The focus is on the explosion safety hazards of alternative fuel vehicles. These explosion hazards are tank rupture, BLEVE and gas cloud explosion. The methods of calculating blast wave pressures in an open environment are described. The difference between a tunnel explosion and an open explosion is discussed. Existing knowledge of explosion hazards in tunnels is summarised. Examples of individual explosion hazards are given.

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Metadata
Title
Fire and Explosion Safety of Alternative Fuel Vehicles
Authors
Haukur Ingason
Ying Zhen Li
Anders Lönnermark
Copyright Year
2024
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-53923-7_19