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2024 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

29. Fire Protection

Author : José Luis Moro

Published in: Building-Construction Design - From Principle to Detail

Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg

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Abstract

From a constructional point of view, the most important parameters governing the suitability of a particular envelope component for fire-protection purposes are the fire behavior of the materials it is composed of as well as its constructional make-up. Further, the combustibility of a material also matters since it increases the fire load and hence the fire hazard present in a building. In this chapter, the constructional measures are discussed necessary to achieve a certain fire-resistance duration of a building component, a measure which is intended to reduce the damage produced by a fire and, particularly, to allow dwellers to safely evacuate the burning building.

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Footnotes
1
Schneider U (2004) Ingenieurmethoden im Baulichen Brandschutz, p. 15.
 
2
Jäde H (2003) Musterbauordnung (MBO 2002).
 
3
Was replaced in 2006 by corresponding European standards.
 
4
Klingsohr (1997) Vorbeugender baulicher Brandschutz, p. 210; Löbbert et al. (2004) Brandschutzplanung für Architekten und Ingenieure.
 
5
§ 26 MBO, version 2002.
 
6
Klingsohr (1997), p. 31.
 
7
Informationsdienst Holz (ed) (2019) Brandschutzkonzepte für mehrgeschossige Gebäude und Aufstockungen, Holzbau Handbuch Reihe 5, Teil 2, Folge 2, p. 9.
 
8
Klingsohr (1997), p. 43.
 
9
Schneider (2004), p. 152.
 
10
Klingsohr (1997), p. 51.
 
11
Ibid., p. 51.
 
12
Häger (1996) Bautechnik und Brandschutz, p. 94.
 
13
Product information in Promat-Handbuch 07/2003.
 
14
Product information ibid.
 
15
Product information ibid. and Schüco brochure Brand- und Rauchschutzsysteme 01/2005.
 
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16.
go back to reference DIN 4102: Fire behaviour of building materials and building components. (a) Part 1: 1998-05 Building materials; concepts, requirements and tests. (b) Part 2: 1977-09 Building Components; Definitions, Requirements and Tests. (c) Part 3: 1977-09 Fire Walls and Non-load-bearing External Walls; Definitions, Requirements and Tests. (d) Part 4: 2016-05 Synopsis and application of classified building materials, components and special components. (e) Part 5: 1977-09 Fire Barriers, Barriers in Lift Wells and Glazings Resistant against Fire; Definitions, Requirements and Tests. (f) Part 7: 2018-11 Roofing - Requirements and testing. (g) Part 8: 2003-10 Small scale test furnace. (h) Part 9: 1990-05 Seals for cable penetrations; concepts, requirements and testing. (i) Part 11: 1985-12 Pipe encasements, pipe bushings, service shafts and ducts, and barriers across inspection openings; terminology, requirements and testing. (j) Part 12: 1998-11 Circuit integrity maintenance of electric cable systems; requirements and testing. (k) Part 13: 1990-05 Fire resistant glazing; concepts, requirements and testing. (l) Part 14: 1990-05 Determination of the burning behaviour of floor covering systems using a radiant heat source. (m) Part 15: 1990-05 “Brandschacht”. (n) Part 16: 2021-01 "Brandschacht" tests. (o) Part 17: 2017-12 Melting point of mineral wool insulating materials—Terms and definitions, requirements and test. (p) Part 18: 1991-03 Fire barriers, verification of automatic closure (continuous performance test). (q) Part 20: 2017-10 Complementary verification for the assessment of the fire behaviour of external wall claddings DIN 4102: Fire behaviour of building materials and building components. (a) Part 1: 1998-05 Building materials; concepts, requirements and tests. (b) Part 2: 1977-09 Building Components; Definitions, Requirements and Tests. (c) Part 3: 1977-09 Fire Walls and Non-load-bearing External Walls; Definitions, Requirements and Tests. (d) Part 4: 2016-05 Synopsis and application of classified building materials, components and special components. (e) Part 5: 1977-09 Fire Barriers, Barriers in Lift Wells and Glazings Resistant against Fire; Definitions, Requirements and Tests. (f) Part 7: 2018-11 Roofing - Requirements and testing. (g) Part 8: 2003-10 Small scale test furnace. (h) Part 9: 1990-05 Seals for cable penetrations; concepts, requirements and testing. (i) Part 11: 1985-12 Pipe encasements, pipe bushings, service shafts and ducts, and barriers across inspection openings; terminology, requirements and testing. (j) Part 12: 1998-11 Circuit integrity maintenance of electric cable systems; requirements and testing. (k) Part 13: 1990-05 Fire resistant glazing; concepts, requirements and testing. (l) Part 14: 1990-05 Determination of the burning behaviour of floor covering systems using a radiant heat source. (m) Part 15: 1990-05 “Brandschacht”. (n) Part 16: 2021-01 "Brandschacht" tests. (o) Part 17: 2017-12 Melting point of mineral wool insulating materials—Terms and definitions, requirements and test. (p) Part 18: 1991-03 Fire barriers, verification of automatic closure (continuous performance test). (q) Part 20: 2017-10 Complementary verification for the assessment of the fire behaviour of external wall claddings
17.
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18.
Metadata
Title
Fire Protection
Author
José Luis Moro
Copyright Year
2024
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-61742-7_29