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01-06-2015 | Original Paper | Issue 2/2015

International Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering 2/2015

Flume Tests on Fine Soil Reinforced with Geosynthetics: Walls of the Salt Pans (Aveiro Lagoon, Portugal)

Journal:
International Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering > Issue 2/2015
Authors:
M. Pinho-Lopes, D. M. Carlos, M. L. Lopes

Abstract

This paper presents exploratory work on the use of geosynthetics for reinforcing fine soils, particularly for applications in the Aveiro lagoon, Portugal. The behaviour of local fine soil reinforced with geosynthetics under hydraulic actions was studied using flume tests. The case study was a typical cross section of the walls of the salt pans of the Aveiro lagoon. A preliminary design of a structure was done, for different reinforcements (geogrid, geocomposite, association of geogrid and geotextile). Local soil was collected and characterised using laboratory tests. The flume tests included performing permeability, erosion and overtopping tests, for actions typical of the lagoon environment. The models reinforced with geogrid GGR exhibited the highest global permeability, due to the difficulty of soil lumps to penetrate the geogrid openings. Although this type of reinforcement provides low resistance to erosion, promoting vegetation growth or including other elements can reduce surface erosion. The other reinforcements (sheets) enabled containing the soil. Non-uniformity of the soil compaction caused local differences of permeability. Thus, ensuring uniform compaction on site is necessary; however it can be challenging, particularly for fine soils. The results indicate that seepage is likely to induce some clogging of the reinforcements. The reinforced soil models tested exhibited higher permeability and lower resistance to erosion and overtopping than the traditional solution (soil matrix with vegetation). The results indicate that a possible alternative solution for the walls could use fibre reinforcement. Further work is necessary to ensure adequate (low) permeability of new solutions for these walls.

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