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2024 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

26. Force Transmission

(with Dr. Matthias Weißbach)

Author : José Luis Moro

Published in: Building-Construction Design - From Principle to Detail

Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg

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Abstract

The basic function of force transmission, which is essential to every building structure no matter what its particular usage is, is analysed in this chapter at the level of the single component, not at the one of the load-bearing structure. Hence, the focus of this study are the effects which different loads yield upon a generic planar envelope component, i.e. an exemplary wall, floor, or roof. Since in building practice these kind of building components are in most cases not made from a single seamless material but are composed of a number of individual parts, which are put together following a particular characteristic geometric pattern, the effects of the load upon these constructional arrangements will be analysed, i.e. especially the internal forces which are elicited thereby.

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Footnotes
1
Although in statics the term loading always denotes an external force, the term external loading will be used, even though this can be strictly regarded as a redundancy, to avoid possible misunderstandings. On the other hand, the terms sectional force and stress always mean internal forces that strain the material.
 
2
This does not apply to field forces. These do not require any material connection or contact for power transmission. The only field force relevant to construction is gravity, but we cannot influence it for technical purposes.
 
3
Strictly regarded, this is true for E-E dimensioning (elastic-elastic). With E-P (elastic-plastic), slightly larger reserves can be activated in the cross-section. However, this does not alter the fundamental validity of the statement.
 
4
Herzog (1976) Pneumatische Konstruktionen - Bauten aus Membranen und Luft, p. 15.
 
5
The effect of the twisting moments and the lifting corners is not taken into account here. This leads to singular moments distributions in the corner areas.
 
6
The term bond, which has hitherto been used as a designation of a general pattern of building blocks, refers here to the bond typical of brickwork masonry with an overlap of building blocks.
 
7
For Catalan brick vaults, see: Moya Blanco (2000) Bóvedas tabicadas; cf. also Collins (1968) The Transfer of Thin Masonry Vaulting from Spain to America, p. 176–201.
 
8
For the purpose of deepening the study of tensile-stressed surface structures, see, e.g. Brinkmann (1990) Leicht und Weit – Zur Konstruktion weitgespannter Flächentragwerke; Otto F (1990) Das hängende Dach.
 
9
Berger (1996) Light Structures—Structures of Light—The Art and Engineering of Tensile Architecture, p. 49 f. The author makes a very vivid and illuminating distinction between fixed and dynamic structural systems.
 
Literature
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13.
go back to reference EN 1991: Eurocode 1: Actions on structures. (a) Part 1-1: 2010-12 General actions–Densities, self-weight, imposed loads for buildings. (b) Part 1-2: 2010-12 General actions–Actions on structures exposed to fire. (c) Part 1-3: 2010-12 General actions–Snow loads. (d) Part 1-4: 2010-12 General actions–Wind actions. (e) Part 1-5: 2010-12 General effects—Temperature effects. (f) Part 1-6: 2010-12 General actions–Actions during execution. (g) Part 1-7: 2010-12 General actions–Accidental actions EN 1991: Eurocode 1: Actions on structures. (a) Part 1-1: 2010-12 General actions–Densities, self-weight, imposed loads for buildings. (b) Part 1-2: 2010-12 General actions–Actions on structures exposed to fire. (c) Part 1-3: 2010-12 General actions–Snow loads. (d) Part 1-4: 2010-12 General actions–Wind actions. (e) Part 1-5: 2010-12 General effects—Temperature effects. (f) Part 1-6: 2010-12 General actions–Actions during execution. (g) Part 1-7: 2010-12 General actions–Accidental actions
14.
go back to reference DIN 1055: Actions on structures. (a) Part 2: 2010-11 Soil properties DIN 1055: Actions on structures. (a) Part 2: 2010-11 Soil properties
Metadata
Title
Force Transmission
Author
José Luis Moro
Copyright Year
2024
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-61742-7_26