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Published in: Journal of Coatings Technology and Research 5/2020

27-05-2020

Functional and antimicrobial properties of herbal nanocomposites from Piper betle plant leaves for enhanced cotton fabrics

Authors: Karthik Subramani, Balu Kolathupalayam Shanmugam, Suriyaprabha Rangaraj, Vinoth Murugan, Surendhiran Srinivasan, Oscar Komla Awitor, Chiristophe Massard, Rajendran Venkatachalam

Published in: Journal of Coatings Technology and Research | Issue 5/2020

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Abstract

In the current times, the application of nanoparticles in the textile industry has become increasingly high due to the possibility of having anticipated properties, such as captivating colors, superior stability, antibacterial activity, and high-end UV-protection to the fabrics. In this study, natural herbal nanoparticles of different sizes were prepared from shade-dried leaves of Piper betle employing ball milling technique. Going forward, structural, morphological, UV-protective, and antibacterial properties of herbal nanocomposites coated on fabrics were thoroughly analyzed and interrelated with uncoated fabrics. Herbal nanoparticles were amalgamated with chitosan to make nanocomposites and are coated on cotton fabrics with the help of the pad-dry cure method. The analysis done to study physical properties of the coated fabrics, such as air permeability, crease recovery angle, tensile strength, tearing strength, thickness, and bursting strength, explicitly showed that coated fabrics have better functional properties as compared to uncoated fabrics. Along the same lines, herbal nanoparticles reflected good antibacterial and UV-absorption properties as compared to uncoated and chitosan-coated fabrics. Comprehension of functional properties revealed that herbal nanoparticle-coated fabrics highlights the potential applications of Piper betle nanoparticles in protective clothing.

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Metadata
Title
Functional and antimicrobial properties of herbal nanocomposites from Piper betle plant leaves for enhanced cotton fabrics
Authors
Karthik Subramani
Balu Kolathupalayam Shanmugam
Suriyaprabha Rangaraj
Vinoth Murugan
Surendhiran Srinivasan
Oscar Komla Awitor
Chiristophe Massard
Rajendran Venkatachalam
Publication date
27-05-2020
Publisher
Springer US
Published in
Journal of Coatings Technology and Research / Issue 5/2020
Print ISSN: 1547-0091
Electronic ISSN: 1935-3804
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11998-020-00357-w

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