The high dimensionality of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data presents major challenges to fMRI pattern classification. Directly applying standard classifiers often results in overfitting, which limits the generalizability of the results. In this paper, we propose a new group of classifiers, “Generalized Sparse Classifiers” (GSC), to alleviate this overfitting problem. GSC draws upon the recognition that numerous standard classifiers can be reformulated under a regression framework, which enables state-of-the-art regularization techniques, e.g. elastic net, to be directly employed. Building on this regularized regression framework, we exploit an extension of elastic net that permits general properties, such as spatial smoothness, to be integrated. GSC thus facilitates simultaneous sparse feature selection and classification, while providing greater flexibility in the choice of penalties. We validate on real fMRI data and demonstrate how explicitly modeling spatial correlations inherent in brain activity using GSC can provide superior predictive performance and interpretability over standard classifiers.
Swipe to navigate through the chapters of this book
Please log in to get access to this content
To get access to this content you need the following product:
- Generalized Sparse Classifiers for Decoding Cognitive States in fMRI
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg
- Sequence number
Neuer Inhalt/© ITandMEDIA