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About this book

This book is an attempt to understand the challenges of globalization and governance in the public sector. Written from the perspectives of both developed and developing countries, it uses governance and public administration interchangeably to argue that the tasks of implementation require the cooperation of both the public and private sectors, especially in a rapidly globalizing landscape. It then utilizes statistical analyses to investigate the challenges of globalization in managing human resources, ethics and accountability, sustainability, e-governances, and leadership in the public sector.

Table of Contents

Frontmatter

Chapter 1. Introduction

Abstract
This book is an attempt to understand the challenges of globalization and governance in the public sector. It uses the terms governance and public administration interchangeably because the tasks of implementation require the cooperation of both the public and the private sectors. Globalization implies the importance of the interaction between the public and private sectors at both the domestic and global levels. Therefore, public administration faces enormous challenges in dealing with all actors delivering government services. Public administration does not exist in a vacuum: It must deal with the environment, both internal and external, to implement the tasks of the government. Globalization is an important element in both the internal and external environment. Public organizations, both internally and externally, are influenced by global phenomena. Khan investigates the challenges of globalization in managing human resources, ethics and accountability, sustainability, e-governance, and leadership in the public sector.
Haroon A. Khan

Chapter 2. Governance, Public Administration, and the Challenges of Globalization

Abstract
The chapter explains globalization and the implications from the point of public administration. The term globalization refers to the revolutionary changes in the Internet and communication technology that has transformed politics and economics of the world. There is a globalization of demands as a result of the internationalization of the media. Globalization has facilitated greater openness and transparency of the affairs of the government. The actions of the government are under scrutiny by the public because of the international media. The rise of the global society has brought about the revolutionary changes in the world. The civil society has been instrumental in bringing the issues of global concern to the forefront of the media coverage. Khan investigates the challenges of outsourcing, multinational companies, the exploitation of labor, terrorism, dependency, cultural imperialism, dominance of financial institutions, network management to understand the complexities faced by modern public administration.
Haroon A. Khan

Chapter 3. Globalization and Human Resources Management in the Public Sector

Abstract
Despite the current advocacy of a limited role for the state and the drive for privatization, governments continue to play a primary role in the delivery of services. However, following the recession of 2008, which was accompanied by auto, banking and housing industry failures in the United States, there is now increased demand for government control. Despite President Trump’s call for a reduction in the role of the government , his ambitious plans for border security and immigration control, and economic regulations will require the recruitment of more public personnel. Most of the countries in the world face complex problems which defy easy solutions. As a result, there is an increased emphasis on the role played by human resources management (HRM) in the public sector. This chapter discusses the problems of recruitment resulting from the loss of prestige, and the loss of tenure in public employment. Khan analyzes the current challenges of performance, procedural justice, diversity, democracy and the protection of whistle blowers.
Haroon A. Khan

Chapter 4. Globalization and Leadership Challenges

Abstract
In an age of globalization, increased importance is given to the study of public leadership. Present-day leadership cannot afford to limit its actions within the limits of the sovereign territory of one nation. Modern leaders need to think globally in terms of any public policy, which is interconnected with the world at large. The tasks of public leadership have become complicated through the involvement of formal and informal actors, both domestic and international. In a globalized world, leaders find themselves limited by international financial organizations. Even within the country, the leaders find themselves limited by the civil society from different countries but united in a mission. Furthermore, the issues are complex and the solutions require actions which are conditioned by factors beyond their control. Despite the constraints, the leaders are crucial for the overall welfare of countries. Khan analyzes various leadership theories and the challenges of organization culture, crises, ethics, bureaucratic politics and contracting.
Haroon A. Khan

Chapter 5. Ethics and Accountability and the Challenges

Abstract
Although the question of ethics in public life has existed from the earliest times of human existence, it has achieved increased prominence because of globalization. The annual data on corruption published by Transparency International and other agencies made it available for the concerned citizens about their country’s status on the corruption index. The countries of the world, especially the developing countries, can no longer keep the lid on corruption. Although many developing countries try to ignore their status on corruption, their governments now know that they are being watched by the people of the world and may be under pressure to take action. Khan analyzes the major theories regarding ethics and investigates the current issues of privacy, organizational politics, justice, fairness, contracting, ethical climate, corruption and violence, and global ethics. The chapter also contains a statistical analysis of corruption and globalization and shows the link between the two phenomena.
Haroon A. Khan

Chapter 6. The Challenges of E-Governance in Public Administration

Abstract
In an age characterized by increasing use of the Internet and communication technology, public administrators are facing the challenge of how to make public services accessible electronically. People live in a highly interconnected world in which information can be transmitted within seconds from one end of the world to the other. Previous decades have witnessed the proliferation in the use of technology, which also brought about serious challenges for public administrators. Friedman, in his The World is Flat, argues that technology has made the world smaller and flatter by eliminating the political, geographic boundaries as a result of information flow, trade, and collaboration across nations. The proliferation of social media, for example, the Internet, cellular phones, text messages, Facebook and Twitter, has changed the relations between the government and the public. Khan analyzes the benefits and the challenges of e-governance. The chapter analyzes the challenges of privacy, security, and the maintenance of the human element. Finally, the chapter makes a statistical analysis on the linkage between e-governance and globalization.
Haroon A. Khan

Chapter 7. Globalization and Sustainability

Abstract
No other issue is as important as sustainability from the point of globalization. The issue of sustainability has drawn to the attention to the people of the world that, despite their differences in terms of politics, economics, and ideologies, we do share the planet. The field of public administration has traditionally emphasized the values of efficiency, performance, social equity, diversity, and ethics. With the increased global concern about protecting the environment, the chapter emphasizes sustainability as the core values of public administration. The recent climate agreement in Paris and the recent uproar over the issue of water contamination in Flint, Michigan, in the United States underlie the emergency of protecting the environment. Khan traces an historical analysis on sustainability and investigates the consequences of climate change. He makes an in-depth analysis of the challenges of environmental justice, the ideological divide, international trade and cooperation, procurement, and participation. The chapter concludes with a statistical analysis of globalization and environmental performance.
Haroon A. Khan

Chapter 8. Conclusion

Abstract
The book analyzes the challenges of public administration as a result of globalization. Despite the current backlash in the United States and Europe, the tide of globalization will continue. There may be short-term protests against globalization spurred by events such as the refugee crisis in Europe and the loss of manufacturing jobs in the United States. The forces of the Internet and communication technology will continue to play a crucial role in globalization. The book argues that public administration faces several challenges in a globalized world. Despite the insistence by some authors to use the term “governance” to understand the involvement of the formal and informal actors, the use of public administration is sufficient to understand the processes and operations of the government. Public administration does incorporate the formal and informal actors in the delivery of services. As an open system, public administration needs to interact with the internal and external environment.
Haroon A. Khan

Backmatter

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