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Published in: Journal of Electronic Materials 4/2021

21-01-2021 | Original Research Article

Green Synthesized α-MnO2 As a Photocatalytic Reagent for Methylene Blue and Congo Red Degradation

Authors: H. M. Abuzeid, A. M. Youssef, S. M. Yakout, A. M. Elnahrawy, A. M. Hashem

Published in: Journal of Electronic Materials | Issue 4/2021

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Abstract

Pure α-MnO2 materials with interconnected nanowires in an urchin shape were synthesized by a green synthesis method. Purified extracts of cinnamon and moringa were used as benign and economical reducing agents to synthesize C-MnO2 and M-MnO2, respectively, from reduction of KMnO4. X-ray diffraction (XRD) investigation confirmed the phase purity of the as-prepared α-MnO2 without any additional impurities. Further characterization by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) showed the thermal behavior of α-MnO2 which decomposed to Mn2O3 at about 500°C as a result of thermal reduction and loss of oxygen. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images showed an urchin shape of as-prepared oxides. Based on a Kubelka–Munk plot, the band gaps of C-MnO2 and M-MnO2 nanowires were found to be 1.42 eV and 1.34 eV, respectively. The room temperature dielectric constant values were estimated to be 1980 and 1130 for C-MnO2 and M-MnO2 at applied frequency of 42 Hz, respectively. The dielectric constant values of 2.02 × 106 at 140°C and 1.05 × 106 at 220°C were noted for M-MnO2 and C-MnO2, respectively. The results of photocatalytic experiments showed that both M-MnO2 and C-MnO2 exhibited high visible light photocatalytic activities for methylene blue and Congo red degradation with efficiencies above 90% after irradiation for 140 min.
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Metadata
Title
Green Synthesized α-MnO2 As a Photocatalytic Reagent for Methylene Blue and Congo Red Degradation
Authors
H. M. Abuzeid
A. M. Youssef
S. M. Yakout
A. M. Elnahrawy
A. M. Hashem
Publication date
21-01-2021
Publisher
Springer US
Published in
Journal of Electronic Materials / Issue 4/2021
Print ISSN: 0361-5235
Electronic ISSN: 1543-186X
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11664-020-08683-w

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