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25-06-2020 | Original Paper | Issue 10/2020

Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment 10/2020

Ground collapse caused by shield tunneling in sandy cobble stratum and its control measures

Journal:
Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment > Issue 10/2020
Authors:
Qiyu Yao, Honggui Di, Chang Ji, Shunhua Zhou

Abstract

This study investigated several ground collapses in sandy cobble strata induced by shield tunneling in two intervals of Lanzhou Metro Line 1 and proposed corresponding control measures. Ground collapses were classified into three types (A, B, and C). The distribution of low-compactness zones was the primary cause of the collapses that occurred after steady excavation (A-type), indicating that advanced grouting should be conducted beneath these zones. The grouting area should be a semi-circular ring in the transverse section, with a grouting ring height and thickness of 1.05 m and 0.51 m, respectively. A poor tunneling state caused by fluidity reduction in the cutter chamber was the main reason for collapses caused by restarting the shield after long-term shutdown (B-type). We suggest rotating the cutterhead every 12 h during long-term shutdown and supplementing the bentonite until the cutterhead torque falls below 3500 kN·m. Collapses caused by cutterhead blockage (C-type) were mainly due to encountering large boulders during tunneling. We suggest pulling the front shield back with hinge equipment when the cutterhead is blocked, with a backward distance greater than the penetration distance (35 mm) and a face pressure above the limit support pressure calculated using the method presented in this paper.

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