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2017 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

2. Group Technology

Remarkable and Destructive Innovations

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Abstract

This chapter describes Group Technology (GT) objectives and methods. The main goal of GT is toward reducing throughput time in manufacturing single or small quantity of items. The proposed method is by reducing the waiting time of items on shop floor (95%) which is achieved by organizing the factory into work cell that can manufacture a family of parts. GT users claims of 230% rise in labour productivity and 240% rise in shop output. The concepts of GT spread and was used in many tasks as: process planning; concept design; purchasing; cost estimating; etc. The broad meaning of GT now covers all areas of the manufacturing process. General definition of GT concept is: “Group Technology” is the realization that many problems are similar and that by grouping together similar problems, a single solution can be found to a set of problems, thus saving time and effort.

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Footnotes
1
The material in this section has been adapted from ‘The Role of Computers in Manufacturing Processes.’ Author: Gideon Halevi. A Wiley-Interscience Publication. John Wiley & Sons, book ISBN 0-471-04383-4, 1980, pp. 76–78 with permission.
 
2
The material in this section has been adapted from the paper titled “The Use of Group Technology in the Industries of Various Countries” by F. Koenigsherberger, published at the CIRP Anaals 2, STC O, 21.2.1972, p. 209, with permission.
 
3
Material in this paragraph has been reprinted from the paper titled “State of group technology in the U.S.” by Inyong Ham, Ph.D., Pennsylvania State University U.S.A., Published at the proceedings of CAM-I’S international seminar, Atlanta, Georgia U.S.A. April 21–23, 1976, pp. 250–260, with No copyright and claims. Public Domain permission.
 
4
Material in this paragraph has been reprinted from the paper titled “State of group technology in the U.S.” by Inyong Ham, Ph.D., Pennsylvania State University U.S.A., Published at the proceedings of CAM-I’S international seminar, Atlanta, Georgia U.S.A. April 21–23 1976, pp. 250–260, Public Domain permission.
 
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Metadata
Title
Group Technology
Author
Gideon Halevi
Copyright Year
2017
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-50702-6_2