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2024 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

4. Heat Release Rates in Tunnels

Authors : Haukur Ingason, Ying Zhen Li, Anders Lönnermark

Published in: Tunnel Fire Dynamics

Publisher: Springer International Publishing

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Abstract

An overview of experimentally obtained heat release rates (HRRs) for different vehicles driving through tunnels is presented. The focus is on understanding fire development and the influences of tunnel conditions on the HRR. The HRR describes the fire development in the form of energy release rate given in megawatts (MW) over a given time period. The chapter presents the basic theory of burning of fuels and summarizes the HRR for different types of vehicles, solid materials and liquids. Influences of different physical parameters such as tunnel construction or ventilation on the HRR are addressed. The HRR is also given as a value per square metre of exposed fuel surface area.

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Metadata
Title
Heat Release Rates in Tunnels
Authors
Haukur Ingason
Ying Zhen Li
Anders Lönnermark
Copyright Year
2024
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-53923-7_4