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2018 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

How did European Citizens Respond to the Great Recession? A Comparison of Claims Making in Nine European Countries, 2008–2014

Authors : Manlio Cinalli, Marco Giugni

Published in: Europas Zivilgesellschaft in der Wirtschafts- und Finanzkrise

Publisher: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden

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Abstract

This paper examines the political responses of European citizens in the public domain, which is ‘claims making’, in the context of the economic crisis that started in 2008. The goal is to show how citizens in nine European countries have responded to the economic crisis—or at least how they have dealt with issues pertaining to it. We adopt a broad definition of claims making, including both a discursive (speech acts) and a behavioral (collective mobilizations) dimension. We do so using a broad focus that includes not only countries that have suffered greatly during the crisis, but also others that have, in part, been spared from it. Our aim is twofold: first, we want to provide a descriptive analysis of actors, issues, frames and other main characteristics of claims making, so as to consider potential (mis)matching with established scholarly knowledge of European models and institutional approaches. Second, we explain variations in claims making, in terms of both form and content, by means of comparing different political opportunities at work in the nine countries.

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Footnotes
1
The discourse as found in mass media is the result of the actors’ attempts to voice their positions publicly and the selection of the media to cover the respective attempts. Therefore, differences in media systems are likely to influence the results. However, the selection of newspapers with different political orientations should reduce this bias. Most importantly, the study focuses on the discourse which is mirrored in the reporting. This public discourse is adequately represented by the media sources as the reporting is what the readers can observe as the public discourse.
 
2
See also the results by Roose, Sommer and Scholl for Germany and Greece (in this volume) and the comments on differences there.
 
3
For the role of civil society in the crisis see also the contribution by Kousis and colleagues (in this volume).
 
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Metadata
Title
How did European Citizens Respond to the Great Recession? A Comparison of Claims Making in Nine European Countries, 2008–2014
Authors
Manlio Cinalli
Marco Giugni
Copyright Year
2018
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-20897-4_2