Skip to main content
Top

02-12-2023 | Original Paper

How Do Regulatory Focus and the Big Five Relate to Work-domain Risk-taking? Evidence from Resting-state fMRI

Authors: Zhengqiang Zhong, Han Ren, Song Wang

Published in: Journal of Business and Psychology

Log in

Activate our intelligent search to find suitable subject content or patents.

search-config
loading …

Abstract

Risk-taking in the ‘work’ domain constitutes a fundamental building block for a wide range of important decisions (e.g., investment) and behaviors (e.g., creativity) of individuals, groups, and organizations. Yet, what remains unknown is the neurofunctional basis of work-domain risk-taking (WRT) and how these brain substrates act as mediators in relating individual personality traits such as regulatory focus and the Big Five to WRT. This study, with a sample of 201 healthy full-time employees, investigated the above questions using resting-state fMRI. The results indicated that individuals who engage more in WRT showed increased brain activity (indicated by fALFF) in the right medial frontal gyrus (MFG) and right insula brain areas involved in goal-directed and self-regulated functions, therefore providing unique neuroimaging evidence for the notion that risk-taking is highly domain specific. More importantly, we found that fALFF in the right MFG and right insula areas has a significant mediating role in relating promotion focus and neuroticism to WRT, respectively, suggesting that these traits might have more important roles in associating with WRT, and the brain activity of the two regions (i.e., right MFG and right insula) may act as the underlying mediating mechanisms. Managerial implications are discussed.

Dont have a licence yet? Then find out more about our products and how to get one now:

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 102.000 Bücher
  • über 537 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 67.000 Bücher
  • über 340 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Versicherung + Risiko




Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Footnotes
1
Given the potential differences in both the structure and function of the brain between left-handed and right-handed individuals, and considering that the majority of Chinese people are right-handed, we specifically recruited only right-handed full-time employees as participants to minimize potential biases (Lai et al., 2023; Lin et al., 2023).
 
Literature
go back to reference Blais, A. R., & Weber, E. U. (2006). A Domain-Specific Risk-Taking (DOSPERT) scale for adult populations. Judgment and Decision Making, 1(1), 33–47. CrossRef Blais, A. R., & Weber, E. U. (2006). A Domain-Specific Risk-Taking (DOSPERT) scale for adult populations. Judgment and Decision Making, 1(1), 33–47. CrossRef
go back to reference Brislin, R. W. (1986). The wording and translation of research instrument. In W. J. Lonner & J. W. Berry (Eds.), Field methods in cross-cultural research (pp. 137–164). Sage. Brislin, R. W. (1986). The wording and translation of research instrument. In W. J. Lonner & J. W. Berry (Eds.), Field methods in cross-cultural research (pp. 137–164). Sage.
go back to reference Gray, J. A., & McNaughton, N. (2000). The neuropsychology of anxiety: An enquiry into the functions of the septo-hippocampal system (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press. Gray, J. A., & McNaughton, N. (2000). The neuropsychology of anxiety: An enquiry into the functions of the septo-hippocampal system (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Hogan, R. (1996). A socioanalytic perspective on the Five Factor Model. In J. S. Wiggins (Ed.), The Five-Factor Model of personality: Theoretical perspectives (pp. 180–207). Guilford Press. Hogan, R. (1996). A socioanalytic perspective on the Five Factor Model. In J. S. Wiggins (Ed.), The Five-Factor Model of personality: Theoretical perspectives (pp. 180–207). Guilford Press.
go back to reference Kandel, E. R., & Schwartz, J. H. (1985). Principles of neural sciences (2nd ed.). Elsevier Science. Kandel, E. R., & Schwartz, J. H. (1985). Principles of neural sciences (2nd ed.). Elsevier Science.
go back to reference March, J. G., & Shapira, Z. (1987). Managerial perspectives on risk and risk taking. Management Science, 33, 1404–1418. CrossRef March, J. G., & Shapira, Z. (1987). Managerial perspectives on risk and risk taking. Management Science, 33, 1404–1418. CrossRef
go back to reference Nunnally, J. (1967). Psychometric methods. McGraw Hill. Nunnally, J. (1967). Psychometric methods. McGraw Hill.
go back to reference Park, H. H., Wiernik, B. M., Oh, I., Gonzalez-Mulé, E., Ones, D. S.,... Lee, Y. (2020). Meta-analytic five-factor model personality intercorrelations: Eeny, meeny, miney, moe, how, which, why, and where to go. Journal of Applied Psychology, 105(12), 1490-1529. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​apl0000476 Park, H. H., Wiernik, B. M., Oh, I., Gonzalez-Mulé, E., Ones, D. S.,... Lee, Y. (2020). Meta-analytic five-factor model personality intercorrelations: Eeny, meeny, miney, moe, how, which, why, and where to go. Journal of Applied Psychology, 105(12), 1490-1529. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​apl0000476
go back to reference Weber, E. U., & Johnson, E. J. (2008). Decisions under uncertainty: Psychological, economic, and neuroeconomic explanations of risk preference. In P. W. Glimcher, C. F. Camerer, E. Fehr, & R. A. Poldrack (Eds.), Neuroeconomics: Decision Making and the Brain (pp. 127–144). Elsevier. Weber, E. U., & Johnson, E. J. (2008). Decisions under uncertainty: Psychological, economic, and neuroeconomic explanations of risk preference. In P. W. Glimcher, C. F. Camerer, E. Fehr, & R. A. Poldrack (Eds.), Neuroeconomics: Decision Making and the Brain (pp. 127–144). Elsevier.
go back to reference Wiggins, J. S., & Trapnell, P. D. (1996). A dyadic-interactional perspective on the five-factor model. In J. S. Wiggins (Ed.), The five-factor model of personality: Theoretical perspectives (pp. 88–162). Guilford Press. Wiggins, J. S., & Trapnell, P. D. (1996). A dyadic-interactional perspective on the five-factor model. In J. S. Wiggins (Ed.), The five-factor model of personality: Theoretical perspectives (pp. 88–162). Guilford Press.
Metadata
Title
How Do Regulatory Focus and the Big Five Relate to Work-domain Risk-taking? Evidence from Resting-state fMRI
Authors
Zhengqiang Zhong
Han Ren
Song Wang
Publication date
02-12-2023
Publisher
Springer US
Published in
Journal of Business and Psychology
Print ISSN: 0889-3268
Electronic ISSN: 1573-353X
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10869-023-09925-4