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16-06-2020 | Regular Paper | Issue 5/2020

Journal of Visualization 5/2020

Identification of the vortex around a vehicle by considering the pressure minimum

Journal:
Journal of Visualization > Issue 5/2020
Authors:
Yusuke Nakamura, Takuji Nakashima, Takenori Hiraoka, Keigo Shimizu, Takahide Nouzawa, Yasuaki Doi, Hidemi Mutsuda
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Abstract

This paper proposes a method to identify low-pressure vortices with swirling motions around a vehicle by considering the two-dimensional pressure minimum. The existing sectional-pressure-minimum-and-swirl method combined with the finite difference method can be used to identify low-pressure vortices with swirling motions in homogeneous isotropic turbulence. To apply this method to the flow field around a vehicle, a method that extends the existing method to the finite volume method on unstructured grids and prevents the fragmentation of the vortex core lines was developed. To verify the proposed method, it was applied to the von Kármán vortices of the square cylinder on the unstructured grids. The results indicate that the von Kármán vortices, which involve low-pressure vortices with swirling motions, could be effectively captured using the proposed method. Finally, the proposed method was applied to the flow field around a vehicle. Compared with the existing method, the proposed method could better prevent the fragmentation of the vortex core lines. In addition, four known vortex structures around the vehicle could be identified by using the proposed method in combination with the isosurface method. Compared to other generally used methods in the field of vehicle aerodynamics, the proposed method could better identify the vortex core lines within a few minutes. These results demonstrate that the proposed method is effective for identifying the vortices around a vehicle.

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