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01-09-2012 | Issue 12/2012

Water Resources Management 12/2012

Identifying the Criteria Set for Multicriteria Decision Making Based on SWOT/PESTLE Analysis: A Case Study of Reconstructing A Water Intake Structure

Journal:
Water Resources Management > Issue 12/2012
Authors:
Zorica Srdjevic, Ratko Bajcetic, Bojan Srdjevic

Abstract

This paper proposes an approach for defining the criteria set required for multicriteria decision making. An approach is developed for a specific class of water management problems, and a SWOT/PESTLE analysis is recommended for identifying the internal and external factors that influence a given water system. The factors are grouped into six categories: political, economic/financial, social, technical, legal, and environmental (PESTLE), and separated afterwards according to their positive or negative influence on the system. All factors are filtered by a proposed elimination algorithm to identify the non-inferior factors and declare them as candidates for inclusion into the criteria set. An approach is applied to the real-life problem of how to define the criteria set and enable the selection of the optimal reconstruction solution of a water intake structure within a regional hydro-system in Vojvodina Province, Serbia. To verify the developed approach, an independent expert is invited to asses all factors identified by the SWOT/PESTLE analysis using the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and to rank factors by order of preference. The outcome is satisfactory because the seven top-ranked factors from AHP completely matched the list of factors derived from the elimination algorithm.

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