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2019 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

20. Impact of Fiscal Policy on Green Technologies Transfer

Author : Ambiyah Abdullah

Published in: Handbook of Green Finance

Publisher: Springer Singapore

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Abstract

Under the 2016 first nationally determined contribution, the Indonesian government announced emissions reduction targets of 29% and 41% by 2030 without and with international assistances respectively. Germany, Japan and the United States (US) are three key players among the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries that have actively assisted the Indonesian government through several channels, such as bilateral assistances (loans and grants) and low-carbon technologies transfer. In terms of the energy efficiency sectors, in its 2017 National Energy Plan, the Indonesian government has described its intention to achieve a 17% increase in energy efficiency across industries compared to the business as usual condition (BAU). In order to achieve these energy efficiency targets, several fiscal policies were suggested to be implemented by the Indonesian government, including reducing value-added tax (VAT) and import duty on imported energy efficiency equipment and providing tax incentives for energy efficiency producers, particularly in the industrial manufacturing, building and transport sectors.
Against this background, this study aims to assess both the direct and indirect impacts of selected fiscal instruments in the energy efficiency sector in Indonesia in terms of low-carbon technologies (green technologies) using multi-region input–output analysis. The findings of this study reveal that fiscal policy in the energy efficiency sector would bring benefits not only for the Indonesian government as a recipient country but also for Germany, Japan, and the US as providers of low-carbon technologies (green technologies) to Indonesia.

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Literature
go back to reference Murray J, Lenzen M (eds) (2013) The sustainability practitioner’s guide to multi-regional input–output analysis. Common Grand Publishing LLC, Champaign Murray J, Lenzen M (eds) (2013) The sustainability practitioner’s guide to multi-regional input–output analysis. Common Grand Publishing LLC, Champaign
go back to reference United Nations Industrial Organization (UNIDO) (2016) International yearbook of industrial statistics 2016. UNIDO, Vienna United Nations Industrial Organization (UNIDO) (2016) International yearbook of industrial statistics 2016. UNIDO, Vienna
go back to reference Yoshino N, Taghizadeh-Hesary F (2018) Alternatives to private finance: role of fiscal policy reforms and energy taxation in development of renewable energy project. In: Venkatachalam A, Kaliappa K, Fukunari K (eds) Financing for low-carbon energy transition. Unlocking the potential of private capital. Springer, Singapore, pp 335–358CrossRef Yoshino N, Taghizadeh-Hesary F (2018) Alternatives to private finance: role of fiscal policy reforms and energy taxation in development of renewable energy project. In: Venkatachalam A, Kaliappa K, Fukunari K (eds) Financing for low-carbon energy transition. Unlocking the potential of private capital. Springer, Singapore, pp 335–358CrossRef
Metadata
Title
Impact of Fiscal Policy on Green Technologies Transfer
Author
Ambiyah Abdullah
Copyright Year
2019
Publisher
Springer Singapore
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-0227-5_33

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