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2021 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

13. Information Flow System for Chemicals in Products (CiP) with Adequate Attention to the Social Dimension: The Japanese Challenge and the Way Forward

Authors : Makiko Kohno, Masahiko Hirao

Published in: EcoDesign and Sustainability II

Publisher: Springer Singapore

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Abstract

In Japan, a new information flow system for chemicals in products (CiP), named chemSHERPA, was initiated in 2016. This system provides the name of a chemical, its Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) number, and its proportion by weight in each part of a product, combined with legal information covering upstream to downstream companies. ChemSHERPA may be the first major step to control CiP of various kinds, as it incorporates a database other than IEC 62474. However, future steps should be considered. We reviewed the conceptual background for information systems such as chemSHERPA and considered how it could be modified. Most systems stress efficiency, wherein chemical management issues are considered at the beginning of system development; this attitude leads to the circular economy (CE). However, some warnings have been made about the CE. For example, the CE is such a young field with many definitions that there is a risk of overlooking the social dimension. In response to this warning, adequate attention should be paid to the social dimension and construction of a “closed loop”, remembering that the disposal of hazardous chemical wastes should be avoided. We examined how chemSHERPA’s information content may be improved, especially from a legal perspective focusing on the final waste management. In this context, we analysed legal systems in Japan, the US and EU, and compiled a list of landfill criteria. Finally, we propose a sample list to be added to chemSHERPA. This revision enables the control of hazardous substance emissions, strongly related to the social dimension of sustainability.

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Metadata
Title
Information Flow System for Chemicals in Products (CiP) with Adequate Attention to the Social Dimension: The Japanese Challenge and the Way Forward
Authors
Makiko Kohno
Masahiko Hirao
Copyright Year
2021
Publisher
Springer Singapore
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-6775-9_13