Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Hint

Swipe to navigate through the articles of this issue

01-08-2015 | Original Article | Issue 4/2015

Environmental Earth Sciences 4/2015

Integrated geochemical and microbiological approach to water quality assessment: case study of the Enyigba metallogenic province, South-eastern Nigeria

Journal:
Environmental Earth Sciences > Issue 4/2015
Authors:
Ogbonnaya Igwe, Ekundayo Joseph Adepehin, Jemima Omonigho Adepehin

Abstract

The Enyigba metallogenic province resides in the Lower part of the NE–SW trending Benue trough of Nigeria. Galena and Sphalerite occur in this basin and have attracted miners for over five decades. The non-conformity of miners to existing mining laws in the country has impacted the region negatively. This study examines the quality of water in the region, with the aim of ascertaining how much the unregulated mining operations have imparted it. Water samples were collected across four communities and subjected to hydrogeochemical and microbiological analyses. The presence of potential toxic elements (PTEs) in virtually all samples indicates some levels of contamination. Although, recorded PTEs fall considerably below WHO (Water quality assessments—a guide to use of biota, sediments and water in environmental monitoring 2011) limits. The occurrence of Pb (≤0.008 mg L−1 in rivers), Zn (≤0.048 mg L−1 in hand-dug wells) and Se (≤0.002 mg L−1 in rivers) calls for national attention, bearing in mind that this metals have long time cumulative effects on humans. The existence of Zn (≤0.011 mg L−1) and Se (≤0.002 mg L−1) in some analysed borehole samples revealed that not all the boreholes in the region are potable. The samples are rendered unsafe owing to the occurrence of pathogenic organisms with heavy microbial loads in them. Records of reasonable concentrations of PTEs in the water samples, strongly suggest negative impacts of mining on water quality in the area. Going by the findings of the studies, the water sources in the Enyigba mining district are not potable in their untreated states.

Please log in to get access to this content

To get access to this content you need the following product:

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 69.000 Bücher
  • über 500 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Umwelt
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Testen Sie jetzt 30 Tage kostenlos.

Springer Professional "Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 50.000 Bücher
  • über 380 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Umwelt
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe




Testen Sie jetzt 30 Tage kostenlos.

Literature
About this article

Other articles of this Issue 4/2015

Environmental Earth Sciences 4/2015 Go to the issue