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2017 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

4. Integrated Manufacturing Systems

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Abstract

This chapter describes the development of the manufacturing process since the mid-1960s when management turned to a more scientific approach. The introduction of computers found ready ground for their implementation. Computers enabled the use of complex algorithms to regulate and control the manufacturing process, and thereby introduced better planning and control. These manufacturing control systems dominated the industry up until the early 80s. The dominant methods and concepts were: Management Information System (MIS); Production and Inventory Control Systems (PICS); Material Requirement Planning (MRP); and Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM). The fact that these systems could not deliver the required control and benefits created a need for a new paradigm for manufacturing methods. In addition, the competitive market of the late 1980s and early 1990s imposed new demands and objectives on the manufacturing process that required a similar paradigm. More than 140 proposals were presented, none of which became “the” manufacturing method. Most of them made use of “routine,” which makes the system complex and does not satisfy the cost control needs of the system.

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Footnotes
1
Based and republished data from:
Halevi G. All Embracing Manufacturing—Roadmap System Springer Nature 2012
Halevi G. International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management, 2004.
 
2
Republished with permission of CRC press LLC from ‘Restructuring the manufacturing process: applying the matrix method'; author, G. Halevi, published in 1999, ISBN 1-57444-121-3 Chapter 1, pages 19–23, permission converted through Copyright Clearance Center, Inc.
 
3
Republished with permission of CRC Press LLC from ‘Restructuring the manufacturing process: Applying the matrix method’, author: G.Halevi, published in 1999, ISBN 1-57444-121-3, Chapter 2, pages 30–32, permission converted through Copyright Clearance Center, Inc.
 
4
Republished with permission of CRC Press LLC from ‘Restructuring the manufacturing process: Applying the matrix method’, author: G. Halevi, published in 1999, ISBN 1-57444-121-3, Chapter 2, pages 37–40, permission converted through Copyright Clearance Center, Inc.
 
5
Republished with permission of CRC Press LLC from ‘Restructuring the manufacturing process: Applying the matrix method’, author: G. Halevi, published in 1999, ISBN 1-57444-121-3, Chapter 2, pages 49–51, permission converted through Copyright Clearance Center, Inc.
 
Metadata
Title
Integrated Manufacturing Systems
Author
Gideon Halevi
Copyright Year
2017
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-50702-6_4