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2021 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

1. Introduction: India-Africa—Partnering for Food Security

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Abstract

In his closing remarks during the first India-Africa Forum Summit (IAFS-I) in April 2008, the President of the United Republic of Tanzania and Chairperson of the African Union, Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete, stated that one of the major concerns for Africa is food security.
Footnotes
1
While using the term ‘Africa’, the authors acknowledge the extreme diversities among the fifty-four countries on the second largest continent in the world. India’s ‘Africa’ outreach is conceptualized on a continental level, with aspects mediated through the African Union.
 
2
It includes forestry, fisheries, livestock rearing and dairy farming.
 
3
Geographically, SSA is the area of the continent that lies south of the Sahara. Forty-eight countries out of Africa’s 54 countries comprise the sub-Saharan region. Algeria, Djibouti, Egypt, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia are excluded from this category (World Bank 2018; Modi 2019: pp. 391–393).
 
4
Economic poverty refers to how poor people spend on goods and services to maintain a minimally accepted standard of living in a given context. Poverty is also social, political and cultural (Modi 2019: p. 392).
 
5
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015, provides a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet, now and into the future. It encompasses 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which are an urgent call for action by all countries—developed and developing—in a global partnership. They recognize that ending poverty and other deprivations must go hand-in-hand with strategies that improve health and education, reduce inequality, and spur economic growth, all while tackling climate change and working to preserve our oceans and forests (UN 2015).
 
6
Agricultural land is a share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures.
 
7
The DFTP scheme provides duty free market access on about 96% of India’s tariff lines at HS 6 digit level of classification and 2.2% of the lines are under preferential duties (Department of Commerce 2015).
 
8
Gurjit Singh is the former ambassador to Ethiopia. During his tenure, he served as the Sherpa of the IAFS-II (2011).
 
9
An event organized by Intellecap, a social entrepreneurship and impact investment consultancy firm.
 
10
A not-for-profit organization based in Ahmedabad, Gujarat.
 
11
The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), a CGIAR (formerly the Consultative Group for International Agricultural Research) Research Center is headquartered in Kenya. It has sixteen country offices across Africa and Asia.
 
12
ILRI has an expansive mandate across 55 countries of sub-Saharan Africa and Asia that lie in the semi-arid regions with scanty little rainfall, degraded soils, poor social infrastructure and resource capabilities and thereby most vulnerable to climate change. Managing livestock in these regions is an ongoing challenge.
 
13
Set up under the Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE, GoI), ICAR is the apex body for managing research and education in agriculture including horticulture, fisheries and animal sciences.
 
14
Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad and Mali (known as the Cotton Four or C4) along with Malawi, Nigeria and Uganda form the seven major cotton producers in sub-Saharan Africa.
 
15
A joint agency of the World Trade Organization and the United Nations set up in 1964. It is the only development agency that is fully dedicated to supporting the internationalization of SMEs in developing and transition economies, for building livelihoods.
 
16
In September 2020, DfID was merged with the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) to create the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO).
 
17
Agricultural productivity is measured by output per unit area of land and per unit of labour in the farming sector.
 
18
While there is no universally accepted operational definition of the term ‘smallholder farmers’, it is used in general to refer to those marginal farmers and sub-marginal farm households that own land or/and cultivate less than 2.0 hectares of land and have access to ‘sub-optimal amounts of resources, technology and markets’ (Khalil et al. 2017: p. 7).
 
19
Hereinafter referred to as ‘the Bank’.
 
Literature
go back to reference Modi, R. (2010). The role of India’s private sector in the health and agriculture sectors of Africa. In F. Cheru & C. Obi (Eds.), The Rise of China and India in Africa (pp. 120–131). New York: Zed Books. Modi, R. (2010). The role of India’s private sector in the health and agriculture sectors of Africa. In F. Cheru & C. Obi (Eds.), The Rise of China and India in Africa (pp. 120–131). New York: Zed Books.
go back to reference Modi, R. (2019). The role of agriculture for food security and poverty reduction in sub-Saharan Africa. In M. Shaw, C. M. Laura, M. Renu, & Y-C. Xu (Eds.), The Palgrave Handbook of Contemporary International Political Economy (pp. 391–410). London: Palgrave Macmillan. Modi, R. (2019). The role of agriculture for food security and poverty reduction in sub-Saharan Africa. In M. Shaw, C. M. Laura, M. Renu, & Y-C. Xu (Eds.), The Palgrave Handbook of Contemporary International Political Economy (pp. 391–410). London: Palgrave Macmillan.
go back to reference Moyo, S. (2013). Agrarian transformation in Africa and its decolonisation. In F. Cheru & R. Modi (Eds.), Agricultural Development and Food Security in Africa: The Impact of Chinese, Indian And Brazilian Investments (pp. 38–56). New York: Zed Books. Moyo, S. (2013). Agrarian transformation in Africa and its decolonisation. In F. Cheru & R. Modi (Eds.), Agricultural Development and Food Security in Africa: The Impact of Chinese, Indian And Brazilian Investments (pp. 38–56). New York: Zed Books.
go back to reference Simplicio, F. (2011). South-South development cooperation: A contemporary perspective. In R. Modi (Ed.), South-South Cooperation: Africa on the Centre Stage (pp. 19–41). New York: Palgrave Macmillan. CrossRef Simplicio, F. (2011). South-South development cooperation: A contemporary perspective. In R. Modi (Ed.), South-South Cooperation: Africa on the Centre Stage (pp. 19–41). New York: Palgrave Macmillan. CrossRef
Metadata
Title
Introduction: India-Africa—Partnering for Food Security
Authors
Renu Modi
Meera Venkatachalam
Copyright Year
2021
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-54112-5_1

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