Skip to main content
Top

2024 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

Investigating the Effects of Acetone Vapor Treatment and Post Drying Conditions on Tensile and Fatigue Behavior of 3D Printed ABS Components

Authors : Heechang Bae, Nicholas Blair, Matthew Michaelis, Awlad Hossain

Published in: Additive and Advanced Manufacturing, Inverse Problem Methodologies and Machine Learning and Data Science, Volume 4

Publisher: Springer Nature Switzerland

Activate our intelligent search to find suitable subject content or patents.

search-config
loading …

Abstract

Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM), an additive manufacturing/3D printing process, is widely used where the material is melted, extruded, and deposited in layers to build up the desired object. The applications of FDM technologies have significantly increased recently not only for rapid prototyping but also for mass production of finished products. In 3D printing, parts are usually built in discrete layers. Hence, this manufacturing process results in a certain amount of structural uncertainty in the form of discontinuities, voids, and poor inter-layer bonding. In our previous research, we successfully investigated the differences in the ultimate strength and fatigue life for 3D printed Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) components built by various build/layer orientations. Our previous research successfully highlighted the ultimate strengths and fatigue life, including SN Curves. However, there is a need for further research to improve the tensile strength and fatigue life of the 3D printed ABS components. This research explores effects of the surface treatment on the tensile strength and fatigue life of the 3D printed ABS components with various layup-orientation. In this study, Acetone Vaper Smoothing (AVS) method was used as the surface treatment of the 3D printed ABS components. Our research found that the AVS method could reduce stress concentrations on the surface and structural uncertainty of the 3D printed ABS components to improve the tensile and fatigue strength. However, these results were occurred after adjusting the Acetone vapor exposure and improving the drying methods because Acetone weakened the layer bonding of the ABS and reduced the tensile strength and fatigue life of the 3D printed ABS components. This research provides the optimal conditions of the Acetone Vapor exposure time and the drying time.

Dont have a licence yet? Then find out more about our products and how to get one now:

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 102.000 Bücher
  • über 537 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Springer Professional "Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 67.000 Bücher
  • über 390 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe




 

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 67.000 Bücher
  • über 340 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Versicherung + Risiko




Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Literature
1.
go back to reference Rodriguez, J., Thomas, J., Renaud, J.: Mechanical behavior of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) fused deposition materials. Experimental investigation. Rapid Prototyp. J. 7(3), 148–158 (2002)CrossRef Rodriguez, J., Thomas, J., Renaud, J.: Mechanical behavior of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) fused deposition materials. Experimental investigation. Rapid Prototyp. J. 7(3), 148–158 (2002)CrossRef
2.
go back to reference Rodriguez, J., Thomas, J., Renaud, J.: Mechanical behavior of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene fused deposition materials modeling. Rapid Prototyp. J. 9(4), 219–230 (2003)CrossRef Rodriguez, J., Thomas, J., Renaud, J.: Mechanical behavior of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene fused deposition materials modeling. Rapid Prototyp. J. 9(4), 219–230 (2003)CrossRef
3.
go back to reference Ahn, S., Montero, M., Odell, D., Roundy, S., Wright, P.: Anisotropic material properties of fused deposition modeling ABS. Rapid Prototyp. J. 8(4), 248–257 (2002)CrossRef Ahn, S., Montero, M., Odell, D., Roundy, S., Wright, P.: Anisotropic material properties of fused deposition modeling ABS. Rapid Prototyp. J. 8(4), 248–257 (2002)CrossRef
4.
go back to reference Sood, A., Ohdar, R., Mahapatra, S.: Parametric appraisal of mechanical property of fused deposition modelling processed parts. Mater. Des. 31(1), 287–295 (2010)CrossRef Sood, A., Ohdar, R., Mahapatra, S.: Parametric appraisal of mechanical property of fused deposition modelling processed parts. Mater. Des. 31(1), 287–295 (2010)CrossRef
5.
go back to reference Lee, B., Abdullah, J., Khan, Z.: Optimization of rapid prototyping parameters for production of flexible ABS object. J. Mater. Process. Technol. 169(1), 54–61 (2005)CrossRef Lee, B., Abdullah, J., Khan, Z.: Optimization of rapid prototyping parameters for production of flexible ABS object. J. Mater. Process. Technol. 169(1), 54–61 (2005)CrossRef
6.
go back to reference Lee, J., Huang, A.: Fatigue analysis of FDM materials. Rapid Prototyp. J. 19(4), 291–299 (2013)CrossRef Lee, J., Huang, A.: Fatigue analysis of FDM materials. Rapid Prototyp. J. 19(4), 291–299 (2013)CrossRef
7.
go back to reference Ziemian, C.W., Sharma, M.M., Ziemian, S.N.: Anisotropic mechanical properties of ABS parts fabricated by fused deposition modelling. In: Gokcek, M. (ed.) Mechanical Engineering., ISBN:978-953-51-0505-3, pp. 159–180. InTech (2012) Ziemian, C.W., Sharma, M.M., Ziemian, S.N.: Anisotropic mechanical properties of ABS parts fabricated by fused deposition modelling. In: Gokcek, M. (ed.) Mechanical Engineering., ISBN:978-953-51-0505-3, pp. 159–180. InTech (2012)
8.
go back to reference Bae, H., Michaelis, M., Navarra, N., Black, V., Hossain, A.: Material characterization of 3D printed components with different layup orientation. In: Thermomechanics & Infrared Imaging, Inverse Problem Methodologies and Mechanics of Additive & Advanced Manufactured Materials, vol. 7. Springer (2020) Bae, H., Michaelis, M., Navarra, N., Black, V., Hossain, A.: Material characterization of 3D printed components with different layup orientation. In: Thermomechanics & Infrared Imaging, Inverse Problem Methodologies and Mechanics of Additive & Advanced Manufactured Materials, vol. 7. Springer (2020)
Metadata
Title
Investigating the Effects of Acetone Vapor Treatment and Post Drying Conditions on Tensile and Fatigue Behavior of 3D Printed ABS Components
Authors
Heechang Bae
Nicholas Blair
Matthew Michaelis
Awlad Hossain
Copyright Year
2024
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-50474-7_4

Premium Partners